Governor of Iowa

Governor of Iowa
Seal of the State of Iowa
Style
The Honourable
Residence Terrace Hill
Term length Four years, no term limits
Inaugural holder Ansel Briggs; 1846
Formation Constitution of Iowa
Succession Every four years, unless re-elected

The Governor of Iowa is the head of the executive branch of Iowa's government[1] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[2] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[3] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Iowa State Legislature,[4] to convene the legislature at any time,[5] and to grant pardons and reprieves, except in cases of treason and impeachment.[6]

The governor has a four-year term,[7] commencing on the Tuesday after the second Monday of January after election.[8] The gubernatorial term was originally two years; this was changed by a constitutional amendment in 1972.[9] To be elected governor, a person must be at least 30 years old, and must have been a citizen of Iowa for at least 2 years.[10] The lieutenant governor is elected on the same ticket as the governor. [7] If the office of governor becomes vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term.[11] There is no limit on the number of terms a governor may serve.

Prior to becoming a territory, Iowa was part of Missouri Territory until 1821, unorganized until 1834, part of Michigan Territory until 1836, and part of Wisconsin Territory until 1838. (For the governors of these periods, see the lists of governors for Missouri, Michigan, and Wisconsin.) Since statehood, there have been 41 governors of Iowa, including 30 Republicans, 10 Democrats, and 1 Whig. The longest-serving governor was Terry E. Branstad, who served four terms from 1983 to 1999; The shortest-serving governor was Robert D. Fulton, who served 16 days in early 1969. The current governor is Republican Terry E. Branstad, who took office on January 14, 2011.

The Governor's salary for 2011–2012 is $130,000 year.

Governors

      Democratic       Republican       Whig

# Name Took Office Left Office Party # Lt. Governor Notes
1 style="background: ;"|  Ansel Briggs December 3, 1846 December 4, 1850 Democratic vacant
2 style="background: ;"|  Stephen P. Hempstead December 4, 1850 December 9, 1854 Democratic vacant
3   James W. Grimes December 9, 1854 January 13, 1858 Whig vacant
4 style="background: ;"|  Ralph P. Lowe January 13, 1858 January 11, 1860 Republican 1 style="background: ;"|  Oran Faville
5 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  Samuel J. Kirkwood January 11, 1860 January 14, 1864 Republican 2 style="background: ;"|  Nicholas J. Rusch
3 style="background: ;"|  John R. Needham
6 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  William M. Stone January 14, 1864 January 16, 1868 Republican 4 style="background: ;"|  Enoch W. Eastman
5 style="background: ;"|  Benjamin F. Gue
7 rowspan="3" style="background: ;"|  Samuel Merrill January 16, 1868 January 11, 1872 Republican 6 style="background: ;"|  John Scott
7 style="background: ;"|  Madison Miner Walden
8 style="background: ;"|  Henry C. Bulis
8 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  Cyrus C. Carpenter January 11, 1872 January 13, 1876 Republican style="background: ;"|  Henry C. Bulis
9 style="background: ;"|  Joseph Dysart
9 style="background: ;"|  Samuel J. Kirkwood January 13, 1876 February 1, 1877 Republican 10 style="background: ;"|  Joshua G. Newbold [N 1]
10 style="background: ;"|  Joshua G. Newbold February 1, 1877 January 17, 1878 Republican vacant [N 2]
11 style="background: ;"|  John H. Gear January 17, 1878 January 12, 1882 Republican 11 style="background: ;"|  Frank T. Campbell
12 style="background: ;"|  Buren R. Sherman January 12, 1882 January 14, 1886 Republican 12 style="background: ;"|  Orlando H. Manning
13 style="background: ;"|  William Larrabee January 14, 1886 February 27, 1890 Republican 13 style="background: ;"|  John A.T. Hull
14 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  Horace Boies February 27, 1890 January 11, 1894 Democratic 14 style="background: ;"|  Alfred N. Poyneer
15 style="background: ;"|  Samuel L. Bestow
15 style="background: ;"|  Frank D. Jackson January 11, 1894 January 16, 1896 Republican 16 style="background: ;"|  Warren S. Dungan
16 style="background: ;"|  Francis M. Drake January 16, 1896 January 13, 1898 Republican 17 style="background: ;"|  Matt Parrott
17 style="background: ;"|  Leslie M. Shaw January 13, 1898 January 16, 1902 Republican 18 style="background: ;"|  James C. Milliman
18 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  Albert B. Cummins January 16, 1902 November 24, 1908 Republican 19 style="background: ;"|  John Herriott [N 1][N 3]
20 style="background: ;"|  Warren Garst
19 style="background: ;"|  Warren Garst November 24, 1908 January 14, 1909 Republican vacant [N 2]
20 style="background: ;"|  Beryl F. Carroll January 14, 1909 January 16, 1913 Republican 21 style="background: ;"|  George W. Clarke
21 style="background: ;"|  George W. Clarke January 16, 1913 January 11, 1917 Republican 22 style="background: ;"|  William L. Harding
22 style="background: ;"|  William L. Harding January 11, 1917 January 13, 1921 Republican 23 style="background: ;"|  Ernest Robert Moore
23 style="background: ;"|  N. E. Kendall January 13, 1921 January 15, 1925 Republican 24 style="background: ;"|  John Hammill
24 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  John Hammill January 15, 1925 January 15, 1931 Republican 25 style="background: ;"|  Clem F. Kimball
26 style="background: ;"|  Arch W. McFarlane
25 style="background: ;"|  Daniel Webster Turner January 15, 1931 January 12, 1933 Republican style="background: ;"|  Arch W. McFarlane
26 style="background: ;"|  Clyde L. Herring January 12, 1933 January 14, 1937 Democratic 27 style="background: ;"|  Nelson G. Kraschel
27 style="background: ;"|  Nelson G. Kraschel January 14, 1937 January 12, 1939 Democratic 28 style="background: ;"|  John K. Valentine
28 style="background: ;"|  George A. Wilson January 12, 1939 January 14, 1943 Republican 29 style="background: ;"|  Bourke B. Hickenlooper
29 style="background: ;"|  Bourke B. Hickenlooper January 14, 1943 January 11, 1945 Republican 30 style="background: ;"|  Robert D. Blue
30 style="background: ;"|  Robert D. Blue January 11, 1945 January 13, 1949 Republican 31 style="background: ;"|  Kenneth A. Evans
31 rowspan="3" style="background: ;"|  William S. Beardsley January 13, 1949 November 21, 1954 Republican style="background: ;"|  Kenneth A. Evans [N 4]
32 style="background: ;"|  William H. Nicholas
33 style="background: ;"|  Leo Elthon
32 style="background: ;"|  Leo Elthon November 22, 1954 January 13, 1955 Republican vacant [N 2]
33 style="background: ;"|  Leo A. Hoegh January 13, 1955 January 17, 1957 Republican 34 style="background: ;"|  Leo Elthon
34 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  Herschel C. Loveless January 17, 1957 January 12, 1961 Democratic 35 style="background: ;"|  William H. Nicholas
36 style="background: ;"|  Edward J. McManus
35 style="background: ;"|  Norman A. Erbe January 12, 1961 January 17, 1963 Republican 37 style="background: ;"|  W. L. Mooty
36 rowspan="2" style="background: ;"|  Harold E. Hughes January 17, 1963 January 1, 1969 Democratic style="background: ;"|  W. L. Mooty [N 1]
38 style="background: ;"|  Robert D. Fulton
37 style="background: ;"|  Robert D. Fulton January 1, 1969 January 16, 1969 Democratic vacant [N 2]
38 rowspan="3" style="background: ;"|  Robert D. Ray January 16, 1969 January 14, 1983 Republican 39 style="background: ;"|  Roger Jepsen
40 style="background: ;"|  Arthur A. Neu
41 style="background: ;"|  Terry E. Branstad
39 rowspan="3" style="background: ;"|  Terry E. Branstad January 14, 1983 January 15, 1999 Republican 42 style="background: ;"|  Robert T. Anderson
43 style="background: ;"|  Jo Ann Zimmerman
44 style="background: ;"|  Joy Corning
40 style="background: ;"|  Tom Vilsack January 15, 1999 January 12, 2007 Democratic 45 style="background: ;"|  Sally Pederson
41 style="background: ;"|  Chet Culver January 12, 2007 January 14, 2011 Democratic 46 style="background: ;"|  Patty Judge
42 style="background: ;"|  Terry E. Branstad January 14, 2011 Incumbent Republican 47 style="background: ;"|  Kim Reynolds [N 5]

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Iowa. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Name Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
Robert Lucas 1838–1841 (territorial) Governor of Ohio
James W. Grimes 1854–1858 S
Samuel J. Kirkwood 1860–1864 S* U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Cyrus C. Carpenter 1872–1876 H
John H. Gear 1878–1881 H S
Leslie M. Shaw 1898–1902 U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Albert B. Cummins 1902–1908 S* President pro tempore of the Senate
N. E. Kendall 1921–1925 H
Clyde L. Herring 1933–1937 S
George A. Wilson 1939–1943 S
Bourke B. Hickenlooper 1943–1945 S
Harold E. Hughes 1963–1969 S*
Tom Vilsack 1999–2007 U.S. Secretary of Agriculture

Living former governors

As of August 2013, five former governors were alive, the oldest being Robert D. Ray (1969–1983, born 1928). The most recent governor to die was Leo A. Hoegh (1955–1957), on July 15, 2000. The most recently-serving governor to die was Harold E. Hughes (1963–1969), on October 23, 1996.

Name Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Robert D. Fulton 1969 (1929-05-13) May 13, 1929 (age 85)
Robert D. Ray 1969–1983 (1928-09-26) September 26, 1928 (age 85)
Terry E. Branstad 1983–1999, 2011-present (1946-11-17) November 17, 1946 (age 67)
Tom Vilsack 1999–2007 (1950-12-13) December 13, 1950 (age 63)
Chet Culver 2007–2011 (1966-01-25) January 25, 1966 (age 48)

See also

Iowa portal

Notes

References

General
  • "Governor Chet Culver and Lt. Governor Patty Judge." State of Iowa. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
  • "National Governors Association. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
Constitution
  • "Iowa General Assembly. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
Specific

External links

  • List of Governors of Iowa at NNDB.com

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