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Grand Hotel (Mackinac Island)

Grand Hotel
The Grand Hotel as seen from the tea garden.
Grand Hotel (Mackinac Island) is located in Michigan
Location within the state of Michigan
Location Grand Hotel Ave., Mackinac Island, Michigan, USA
Coordinates
Built 1887
Architect

Mason & Rice[1] Alphonse Howe & Charles Caskey, builders

assisted by John O. Plank[2][3]
Architectural style Queen Anne
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 72000637
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 5, 1972[4]
Designated NHL June 29, 1989[5]
Designated MSHS July 12, 1957[6]

The Grand Hotel is a historic hotel and coastal resort on Mackinac Island, Michigan, a small island located at the eastern end of the Straits of Mackinac within Lake Huron between the state's Upper and Lower Peninsulas. Constructed in the late 19th century, the facility advertises itself as having the world's largest porch. The Grand Hotel is well known for a number of notable visitors, including five U.S. presidents, Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin, Russian president Dmitri Medvedev, inventor Thomas Edison, and author Mark Twain.

Grand Hotel is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[7]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Facilities 2
  • Notable events 3
  • Acclaim 4
  • In popular culture 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

In 1886, the Mason and Rice. When it opened the following year, the hotel was advertised to Chicago, Erie, Montreal and Detroit residents as a summer retreat for vacationers who arrived by lake steamer and by rail from across the continent. At its opening, nightly rates at the hotel ranged from US$3 to US$5 a night.[8]

In 1957, the Grand Hotel was designated a State Historical Building. In 1972, the hotel was named to the National Register of Historic Places, and on June 29, 1989, the hotel was made a National Historic Landmark.[9]

Facilities

A catamaran used to transport people to and from the island

Carleton Varney, a protégé of Dorothy Draper, designed the Grand Hotel in its late 19th century decor, including with Pelargonium geraniums. Varney purposely designed the hotel so that all the rooms are different from each other in at least one aspect. There are four types of rooms: Category I, Category II, Category III, and Named Rooms. There are six two-bedroom suites consisting of two bedrooms connected by a parlor, of which two, the Grand Suite and the Carleton Varney Suite, overlook the Mackinac Bridge and the Straits of Mackinac. The presidential suite is located in the center of the hotel with a balcony over the porch. A detached structure added in early 2000 was named the Masco Cottage.[10]

Additionally, seven suites are named for and designed by seven former Nancy Reagan Suite (with signature red walls and Mrs. Reagan's personal touches), Barbara Bush Suite (designed with pale blue and pearl and with both Maine and Texas influences), and the Laura Bush Suite (decorated with bright cream and floral patterns inspired by the Texas prairie).[11]

Grand Hotel's front porch is the longest in the world at some 660 feet (200 m) in length, overlooking a vast Tea Garden and the resort-scale Esther Williams swimming pool.[12] These areas are often used by guests on a casual family vacation, for large conventions, or concerts during the hotel's annual Labor Day Jazz Festival. The hotel has drawn some criticism for its charging a $10 fee for non-guests to enter the building and enjoy the view from the famous porch.[13]

Guests are transported from the docks to the hotel via horse-drawn carriage.

Before 2007, air conditioning was only available in public rooms, such as the lobby, parlor and Salle a Manger (main dining room). Due to the building's design it was difficult to add air conditioning to the guest rooms.[11] Air conditioning was installed in 170 guest rooms after water heat exchangers in the bathrooms were added. The exchangers cool the air through contact with the cold water system.[14]

Mackinac Island does not permit motor vehicles (except for emergency vehicles and, in winter, snowmobiles) and transport to and from the dock to the hotel is via horse-drawn carriage. The only other motor vehicles allowed in recent history were cars brought over for the filming of Somewhere in Time. During the winter months, when ice prevents ferry transport from the mainland, the hotel is closed. The island also has a small airport (no fuel or services) that is handy for private aircraft. The horse-drawn taxis will take you from the airport to the hotel or any other destination.[15]

Notable events

U.S. Presidents Bill Clinton have visited the hotel. The hotel also hosted the first public demonstration of Thomas Edison's phonograph on the porch, as well as regular demonstrations of Edison's other new inventions. Mark Twain also made this a regular location on his speaking tours in the midwest.[16]

In May each year, the Grand Hotel serves as the headquarters for the Detroit Regional Chamber of Commerce's Mackinac Policy Conference that attracts politicians, businessmen and labor leaders from across the state and the northern midwest region.[17]

In October 2015, Mackinaw City Bridge Run champions Sara Baciak, Andy Novak and Mike Moran visited the hotel.

Acclaim

Conde Nast Traveler "Gold Lists" the hotel as one of the "Best Places to Stay in the Whole World" and Travel + Leisure magazine's lists it as among the "Top 100 Hotels in the World." The Wine Spectator noted the Grand Hotel with an "Award of Excellence" and it was included in Gourmet magazine's "Top 25 Hotels in the World" list. The American Automobile Association (AAA) rates the facilities as a four-diamond resort.[18] and in 2009 named the Grand Hotel one of the top 10 U.S. historic hotels.[19]

In popular culture

The Grand Hotel served as a backdrop and one of the settings for the 1980 film Somewhere in Time starring Christopher Reeve and Jane Seymour. Every October the hotel hosts an annual convention for fans of the cult-classic.

The hotel also served as the setting for the 1947 musical-comedy This Time for Keeps starring Jimmy Durante and Esther Williams (after whom the hotel's swimming pool is named).[16][20]

The hotel was the origin of the first World Sauntering Day in the 1970s.

See also

References

  1. ^ Eckert, Kathryn Bishop, ‘’Buildings of Michigan’’. Oxford University Press, New York, 1993 p. 550-51
  2. ^ Ast, William F. III (September 7, 2010). "Descendant of Grand Hotel builder donates wealth of information".  
  3. ^ Denby, Elaine (2004). Grand Hotels: Reality and Illusion. Reaktion Books. p. 38.  
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  5. ^ "Grand Hotel". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  6. ^ State of Michigan (2009). "Grand Hotel". Retrieved June 26, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Grand Hotel, a Historic Hotels of America member". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Grand Hotel: Hotel & History". Grand Hotel. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  9. ^ "List of National Historical Landmarks" (PDF).  
  10. ^ Knowles, Gary. "Cruising to Mackinac Island". Madison Magazine. Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007. 
  11. ^ a b "Grand Hotel: Named Rooms". Grand Hotel. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  12. ^ http://www.bestupnorth.com/northernmichigan/?p=384
  13. ^ "Grand Hotel: Trip Advisor Reviews". Trip Advisor. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  14. ^ "Modern upgrade for Mackinac's Grand Hotel". Associated Press. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  15. ^ Dearle, Brian. "Mackinac Island". The New Colonist. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  16. ^ a b "Grand Hotel: Facts". Grand Hotel. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Mackinac Policy Conference". Detroit Regional Chamber. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  18. ^ "Cruising to Mackinac Island". Madison Magazine. Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007. 
  19. ^ "AAA Inspectors Pick Their Top Ten Historic Hotels for Independence Day". press release.  
  20. ^ "This Time For Keeps". IMDB. Retrieved June 6, 2007. 
  • Grand Hotel listing at Michigan History, Arts and Libraries
  • Grand Hotel listing at MI State Historic Preservation Objects

External links

  • Grand Hotel Website
  • Map of Island and hotel location PDF
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