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Great Haywood

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Great Haywood

Haywood Junction, Great Haywood
St Stephen's Church
Anson family graves at St Stephen's Church churchyard

Great Haywood is a village in central Staffordshire, England, just off the A51 and about four miles northwest of Rugeley.

Haywood lies on the River Trent, where the Trent is met by its tributary, the River Sow. The village is also the site of a significant junction of the English inland canal network, Haywood Junction, where the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal meets the Trent and Mersey Canal. The waters around the village are widely regarded by guidebooks as some of the most attractive on the network.[1]

There are two churches, each of which has an attached school. St. John's RC School was classed as 'Good' in their most recent Ofsted inspection, and Anson CE School was deemed to be 'Outstanding' in December 2011.[2][3]

St. Stephen's Church was designed by Thomas Trubshaw, and became the centre of a parish in 1854. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th Earl of Lichfield and other members of the Anson family of Shugborough Hall are buried in the churchyard of St Stephen's.[4]

St. John the Baptist's Catholic church was originally built in Tixall, about three miles away, as a private chapel to Tixall Hall, which was owned by the Aston family. When the estate was sold to Earl Talbot, the church was dismantled and rebuilt with a few alterations in Great Haywood.[5] The marks made on the blocks to allow reassembly can still be seen inside the church.

There was originally a mill and a brewery in the village, but both have been closed down and demolished, commemorated by the names of the roads where they once stood (Mill Lane and Brewery Lane). Following a fatal automobile accident in 1905, the mill pond was drained and the road straightened.

The Stone to Colwich railway line passes through Great Haywood, and the village was served by a railway station which was opened by the North Staffordshire Railway on 6 June 1887 and closed in 1957.

In August 2002 advertisements were placed in the national press for a "hermit" to take up residence on the Great Haywood Cliffs above the nearby Shugborough estate, ancestral home of Lord Lichfield.[6] Fifty-five people applied, and Ansuman Biswas was chosen as hermit. Shugborough also serves as the headquarters of Staffordshire's arts management team.

In January 1917, J. R. R. Tolkien, on medical leave from the British Army here, began writing The Book of Lost Tales (the first version of The Silmarillion), starting with the "Fall of Gondolin"; thus Tolkien's mythopoeic Middle-earth legendarium was first chronicled in prose.[7][8]

Great Haywood is the site of Essex Bridge, one of the largest surviving packhorse bridges in the country which stands over the River Trent near Shugborough Hall. It borders Cannock Chase, designated an area of outstanding natural beauty since 1958.

References

  1. ^ Four Counties & the Welsh Canals. Collins Nicholson waterways guides, 4. London: Nicholson. 2006.  
  2. ^ Ofsted report on St John's Catholic Primary, Nov. 2008
  3. ^ Ofsted report on Anson Primary School, December 2011
  4. ^ "Memorial Inscriptions of Great Haywood, Staffordshire: St Stephen's Churchyard". Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  5. ^ White, William (1851). History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire (2nd ed.). Sheffield. 
  6. ^ Ward, David (2002-08-20). "Hermit job draws big response".  
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Garth, John (2003). Tolkien and the Great War. London: HarperCollins.  

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