World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Great Kills Park

Article Id: WHEBN0028166914
Reproduction Date:

Title: Great Kills Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gateway National Recreation Area, Gorman Park, Playground 52, Willowbrook Park, Zion Triangle
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Great Kills Park

Great Kills Park
Type Urban park
Location Staten Island in New York City, New York, United States
Coordinates
Area 580 acres (230 ha)
Created 1949
Status Open all year, part of park closed

Great Kills Park in Great Kills, Staten Island is a part of the Staten Island unit of Gateway National Recreation Area. Part of the National Park System, it covers an area of approximately 580 acres (2.3 km2) of salt marsh, beach and woodlands stretching along two miles (3 km) of Staten Island's south shore.[1]

History

In 1860 the businessman and pioneering naturalist John J. Crooke bought a part of the land and lived in a wooden house at the beach. In 1916 an erosion cut the narrow spit of land and Crooke's Point became an island to itself. In 1929 New York City bought Crooke's Point and adjacent land and started to build a public park. Due to the Great Depression the work was delayed and the park could not be opened to the public until 1949. In 1973 the park became a part of the Gateway National Recreation Area.[2]

Great Kills Harbor, located within the park, is a man-made harbor that was created by joining Crooke's Island back to the mainland of Staten Island with dredge material.[3] The park is frequented by various species of birds due to the diverse habitats within the park.[4]

Radium contamination

NPS-map of the Park, displaying the closed areas in grey

Half of the park area was used as landfill in the past, and in 2005, radium (226Ra), a radioactive material, has been found in the sand in a depth of about 1-1.5 feet (30–40 cm).[5] A part of this material has been removed; altogether twelve places with radioactive contamination have been found until now.[6] Directly at the sources, a radiation level about 200 time higher than the natural background radiation has been measured.[5] In August 2012 the decontamination of the park was scheduled to proceed. A section of the park is closed to the public.[7]

Great Kills Harbor view

Accessibility

The park's main entrance is at Hylan Boulevard and Buffalo Street. On Hylan Boulevard many MTA buses operate. The Staten Island Railway station Bay Terrace is near the main entrance. With a boat, the park can be reached via the Great Kills Harbor.

References

  1. ^ Great Kills Park - National Parks of New York Harbor
  2. ^ NPS - Things To Do - Staten Island
  3. ^ The New York City Audubon Society guide to finding birds in the metropolitan area By Marcia T. Fowle, Paul Kerlinger, New York City Audubon Society p. 102
  4. ^ Where to find birds in New York State: the top 500 sites By Susan Roney Drennan p. 404
  5. ^ a b Great Kills Park Information on Radium Contamination vom National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
  6. ^ Cabrera Services Hired for First Phase of Great Kills Park Cleanup
  7. ^ Great Kills Park Environmental Cleanup Project
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.