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Green Cross International


Green Cross International

Logo of Green Cross International

Green Cross International is a global independent non-profit and non-governmental NGO) working to address the inter-connected global challenges of security, poverty eradication and environmental degradation through a combination of advocacy and local projects. .[1]

It was founded by former Soviet Union President and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mikhail Gorbachev in 1993, building upon the work started by the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[2] Green Cross International has been an active player in the Rio+20 conferences.[3]

GCI is headquartered in

  • GCI website
  • Climate Change Task Force
  • GCI page on Facebook
  • Climate Change Task Force page on Facebook
  • Smart Water for Green Schools page on Facebook
  • GCI on Twitter
  • Climate Change Task Force on Twitter
  • GCI group on Linkedin
  • GCI company page on Linkedin
  • GCI on YouTube
  • GCI on Flickr
  • Armani
  • Global Green
  • Green Cross Switzerland
  • Green Cross Italy
  • Green Cross Sweden
  • Green Cross France et Territoires
  • Green Cross Australia
  • Mikhail Gorbachev Foundation

External links

  • Destroying chemical weapons is hard enough – but Syria is a new challenge September 2013
  • Les 10 sites les plus pollués du monde November 2013
  • Expedition begins study of Uganda's shrinking Ruwenzori Glaciers January 2014
  • Last of Syria’s known chemical arms are shipped abroad for destruction June 2014
  • Gorbachev sees global failure to address eco-risks April 2013
  • Last chance to see: Disappearing glaciers in the 'Mountains of the Moon' April 2014
  • EU leaders hold emergency summit over Ukraine March 2014
  • The right to water Jul. 2010
  • Acqua for Life challenge raises over 43 million litres of water Jun. 2011
  • Kenya: Grave danger in nuclear power April 2011
  • What is more dangerous for the environment – chemical weapons or ignorance? April 2011
  • Chernobyl – 25 years on April 2011
  • Nations at odds on Rio+20 earth summit June 2012
  • Europe’s water resources ‘under pressure’ March 2012
  • L’eau une urgence humanitaire March 2012
  • Environment: Gorbatchev veut faire juger crimes écologiques March 2012
  • A farewell to nuclear arms October 2011


  1. ^ "Green Cross International Website". 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Green Cross returns to Rio". 
  4. ^ "Our network". 
  5. ^ "Our history". 
  6. ^ "Our network". 
  7. ^ "Our history". 
  8. ^ "Water for Life and Peace". 
  9. ^ "Right to Water and Sanitation". 
  10. ^ "Water for Peace". 
  11. ^ "Smart Water for Green Schools". 
  12. ^ "Right to Water and Sanitation". 
  13. ^ "Smart Water for Green Schools". 
  14. ^ "Environmental Security and Sustainability". 
  15. ^ "Non-proliferation and arms control disarmament". 
  16. ^ "Weapons demilitarization". 
  17. ^ "Pollution reduction and toxic waste cleanup". 
  18. ^ "Environmental emergencies preparedness". 
  19. ^ "Value Change". 
  20. ^ "Environmental Education". 
  21. ^ "Earth Charter". 
  22. ^ "Earth Dialogues". 
  23. ^ "Social and Medical". 
  24. ^ "Health Care". 
  25. ^ "Social Care". 
  26. ^ "Education". 
  27. ^ "Smart Energy". 
  28. ^ "Renewable Energy". 
  29. ^ "Green Building". 


Chernobyl disaster
Climate change
Environmental protection
Green energy
Greenhouse effect
Greenhouse gases
Nuclear power
Renewable energy
Water crisis
Water resources
Water pollution
Water scarcity
Water scarcity in Africa
Water security

See also

Princess Basma bint Talal, Jordan
Victor Danilov-Danilyan, Russia
Prof. Istvan Lang, Hungary
Dr. Rita Levi Montalcini, Italy
Dr. Ruud Lubbers, Netherlands
Prof. Wangari Maathai, Kenya
Pat Mitchell, USA
Adolf Ogi, Switzerland
H. E. Javier Perez de Cuellar, Peru
Robert Redford, USA
Dr. Karan Singh, India
Rabbi Awraham Soetendorp, Netherlands
David Suzuki, Canada
Dr. Monkombu M. S. Swaminathan, India
Diane Meyer Simon, USA
Ted Turner, USA
Dr. Evgeny Velikhov, Russia
Wakako Hironaka, Japan

Honorary Board

Mikhail Gorbachev, Chairman;
Alexander Likhotal, President & CEO (ex officio);
Sander Mallien, Treasurer, Green Cross Switzerland President;
Dominika Kulczyk, Green Cross Poland President;
Jean-Michel Cousteau, President of Green Cross France & Territories;
Mario Soares, Former President of Portugal;
Sergey Baranovskiy, Green Cross Russia President;
Martin Bäumle, Green Cross Switzerland President;
Shoo Iwasaki, Green Cross Japan President;
Robert S. Bucklin, Global Green USA Chairman;
Ernst von Weizsäcker, Co-President of the Club of Rome;
Ashok Khosla, Chairman of Development Alternatives;
Elio Pacilio, Green Cross Italy Founder

Board of Directors

The Board of Directors and the Honorary Board of Green Cross International are composed of the following members:

Green Cross International Board of Directors

Elements of the Smart Energy Programme:

The Smart Energy programme works to foster a secure, equitable and sustainable energy future. Advocacy and practical projects are means to promote energy conservation and accelerate the transition from a carbon-based economy to a clean and sustainable energy model accessible to all.

Rising global energy demand and over-reliance on fossil fuels are the main drivers of climate change. To meet the needs of over 9 billion people by 2050, energy production must double. But to protect the climate, greenhouse gas emissions must be cut by 80%. Maintaining the same path is a recipe for environmental and humanitarian disaster.[27]

Smart Energy

The following initiatives address GCI’s SOCMED programme:

A number of previously implemented projects include analysis of the environmental impacts of wars and conflicts in Kuwait, the Middle East, the Balkans, Argentina, Burkina Faso, and South Asia, ensuring that environmental rehabilitation is now regularly included within the umbrella of humanitarian assistance during and following conflicts. Expertise has also been developed in the clean-up and conversion of military bases to civilian use, dealing with nuclear contamination, and the environmentally responsible destruction of conventional and chemical weapons stockpiles.

The Legacy of the Cold War Programme, the Social and Medical Care Programme and Post-War Environmental Analysis are implemented worldwide to assist those affected by the environmental consequences of wars, conflicts and man-made calamities. Activities include support to children, families and communities suffering long-term socio-economic, medical and psychological stresses brought on by exposure to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster and the use of Agent Orange during the Vietnam War.[23]

Social and Medical (SOCMED)

  • Education for Environmental Sustainability [20]
  • Earth Charter [21]
  • Earth Dialogues [22]

The following three initiatives fall under the Value Change programme:

GCI seeks to attain a value and behaviour shift through initiatives such as the Earth Charter, the Earth Dialogues and the Environmental Education and Awareness Programme. The idea is to sensitise people with a positive awareness of and responsibility towards these common threats to humanity posed by poverty, insecurity and environmental destruction. Positive awareness of, and responsibility of actions and environment are important in order to promotes and secure conditions for all people to enjoy.[19]

Value Change

The following initiatives are part of the Environmental Security and Sustainability Programme:

Weapons of mass destruction pose clear threats to the environment and people. Oil spills and toxic waste dumps are common. The Green Cross Environmental Security and Sustainability (ESS) programme works to address these challenges with education, outreach, dialogue, assessments, and action. 20,000 nuclear weapons are stockpiled in nine countries – enough to destroy civilization. The program has managed to clean up dumped toxic chemicals, including pesticides and agricultural fertilizers, in developing countries.[14]

Environmental Security and Sustainability

SWGS is currently providing safe drinking water to more than 70,000 people within around 70 communities in Argentina, Bolivia, China, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mexico and Ukraine.[13]

The Smart Water for Green Schools (SWGS) project is our flagship on-the-ground activity for providing sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation to tens of thousands of people in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe, with more countries coming online in the future.

Smart Water for Green Schools

In August 2014, the UN Watercourses Convention entered into force following Vietnam’s ratification of the Convention.[12]

Green Cross supported the drive for safe-drinking water and sanitation to be recognized as a Human Right in 2010.

Right to Water and Sanitation

GCI has launched the following initiatives:

GCI has various advocacy level with key international stakeholders, campaigns and local projects to address these inter-connected challenges.[8]

Water for Peace Programme

From advocacy programmes at national and international levels to training individuals on how to construct rainwater-harvesting systems, Green Cross provides comprehensive programmes that further the values of cooperation among all stakeholders. The human relationship with nature crosses all boundaries and transcends all ideas of class, which necessitates a solution that goes beyond good governance and good policy, and hinges on the shared responsibility for a sustainable and just future for all.

Areas of Activity

Mikhail GorbachevNobel Peace Prize laureate and former President of the USSR - is the Founding President of Green Cross International, which he established in 1993 in response to the 1992 Rio Earth Summit call to create a “Red Cross for the environment”.[7]

Mikhail Gorbachev

To date, Green Cross International is represented in 31 countries around the world. National offices are located in Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Côte d'Ivoire, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Netherlands, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and the USA.[6]

[5] Green Cross International has a general consultative status with the

GCI was then formally launched in Kyoto on 18 April 1993. Upon the invitation of Mikhail Gorbachev, many renowned figures joined its Board of Directors and its Honorary Board.

Developing this idea, delegates at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro (June 1992), approached Mikhail Gorbachev urging him to create and launch such an organisation. Meanwhile, the Swiss Parliamentarian Roland Wiederkehr founded the 'World Green Cross' with the same objective. The two organisations merged in 1993 to form Green Cross International (GCI).

In January 1990 during an address to the Global Forum on Environment and Development for Survival, President Mikhail Gorbachev (the former President of the International Committee of the Red Cross to ecological issues and expedite solutions to environmental problems that transcend national boundaries.



  • History 1
  • Mikhail Gorbachev 2
  • Areas of Activity 3
    • Water for Peace Programme 3.1
      • Right to Water and Sanitation 3.1.1
      • Smart Water for Green Schools 3.1.2
    • Environmental Security and Sustainability 3.2
    • Value Change 3.3
    • Social and Medical (SOCMED) 3.4
    • Smart Energy 3.5
  • Green Cross International Board of Directors 4
    • Board of Directors 4.1
    • Honorary Board 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Bibliography 7
  • External links 8


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