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Grete Stern

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Grete Stern

Grete Stern
Born Grete Stern
(1904-05-09)9 May 1904[1]
Wuppertal-Elberfeld, German Empire
Died 24 December 1999(1999-12-24) (aged 95)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nationality German-Argentine
Occupation Photography

Grete Stern (9 May 1904 – 24 December 1999) was a German (later nationalized Argentine) photographer. Along with her husband, they were active agents of modernization process of visual arts in Argentina: as an example, she presented the first exhibition of modern photographic art in Buenos Aires in 1935.[2]

Desnudo III, 1946

Early life

The daughter of Frida Hochberger and Louis Stern, Stern was born on May 9, 1904, in Elberfeld, Germany.[2] She often visited family in England and attended elementary school there. After reaching adulthood, she began studying graphic arts in the Kunstgewerbeschule, Stuttgart, from 1923 to 1925, but after a short term working in the field she was inspired by the photography of Edward Weston and Paul Outerbridge to change her focus to photography. Relocating to Berlin, she took private lessons from Walter Peterhans.

Career

There, she met fellow student Ellen Auerbach, with whom she later shared a critically acclaimed, prize-winning Berlin-based photography and design studio, opened in 1930 with equipment purchased from Peterhans. Intermittently between April 1930 and March 1933, Stern continued her studies with Peterhans at the Bauhaus photography workshop in Dessau, where she met the Argentinian photographer Horacio Coppola. The political climate of Nazi Germany led her to emigrate with her brother to England, where Stern set up a new studio, soon to resume her collaboration there with Auerbach.[1][2]

Stern first traveled to Argentina in the company of her new husband, as she had married Horacio Coppola in 1935.[1] The newlyweds mounted an exhibition in Buenos Aires at Sur magazine, which according to the magazine, was the first modern photography exhibition in Argentina.[2] After a brief return to England,[2] Stern settled in Argentina to raise a family, her daughter Silvia and her son Andrés, remaining even after she and Coppola divorced in 1943.[1] In 1958, she became a citizen of Argentina.

Stern and Coppola ran a studio together from 1937 to 1941.[2] Around the time of the divorce, Stern began exhibiting individually, including internationally, starting in the 1970s, returning particularly to her native country to exhibit in 1975 and 1978.[1][2] She provided photographs for magazine and served for a stint as a photography teacher in Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes.[2]

Death

In 1985, she retired from photography, but lived another 14 years until 1999, dying in Buenos Aires on 24 December at the age of 95.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Grete Stern. Biography". Gobierno de Buenos Aires. Retrieved 2011-02-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Grete Stern". Jewish Women's Archive. Mandelbaum, Juan, and Clara Sandler. Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 1 March 2009. Retrieved February 7, 2011. 

External links

  • magazineAlmacen
  • Proa foundation
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