World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Guangdong music (genre)

Article Id: WHEBN0003635946
Reproduction Date:

Title: Guangdong music (genre)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Folk music, Music of China, Music of Guangdong, Tihu (instrument), Cantonese
Collection: Cantonese, Chinese Folk Music, Chinese Styles of Music, Music of Guangdong
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Guangdong music (genre)

Guangdong music, also known as Cantonese music (广东音乐 Guǎngdōng yīnyuè) is a style of traditional Chinese instrumental music from Guangzhou and surrounding areas in Pearl River Delta of Guangdong Province on the southern coast of China. The name of the music is not an accurate description because Guangdong music is not the only music of the whole Guangdong area. In Guangdong, there are numerous traditional genres of music such as Teochew music and Hakka music (Hakka Hanyue and sixian). The name of the music originated in the 1920 and 1930s when the music was popular in Shanghai ballrooms in the form of "Spiritual Music" (精神音樂, Jīngshěn Yīnyuè; more properly translated as "spirited music"). As the performers were almost entirely from Guangdong, Shanghai people generalized the form of music as Guangdong music. Musically, compositions are based on tunes derived from Yueju (Cantonese opera), together with new compositions from the 1920s onwards. Some pieces have influences from jazz and Western music, using syncopation and triple time, and incorporating instruments such as the saxophone, violin, guitar, piano, drum set, or xylophone.

Contents

  • Instrumentation 1
  • Composers 2
  • Compositions 3
  • Audio samples 4
  • External links 5

Instrumentation

The gaohu is the most common lead instrument used in performing Cantonese music. It was invented by Lü Wencheng (吕文成, 1898-1981) in the 1920s. Prior to this, the erxian was the most common lead bowed string instrument in the Cantonese ensemble. Ensembles led by the erxian and also featuring the tiqin are called yinggong (硬弓, literally "hard bow") ensembles, while those led by the gaohu are called ruangong (软弓, literally "soft bow") because the erxian and tiqin have thick bamboo bows, while the gaohu has a thinner, flexible bow.

Guangdong music gradually evolved into a string ensemble format by the 1960s, led by the gaohu with ruan, qinqin, yangqin, sanxian, yehu, tiqin and various woodwind (including houguan) and percussion instruments. Alto saxophone, xylophone, violin, piano, electric guitar, and drum set may also be used, in combination with traditional instruments.

Composers

Compositions

  • Baihua Ting Nao Jiu (百花亭闹酒)
  • Bu Bu Gao (步步高, by Lü Wencheng)
  • È Mǎ Yáo Líng (饿马摇铃, possibly by He Liutang)
  • Han Tian Lei (旱天雷, by Yan Laolie)
  • Jiao Shi Ming Qin (蕉石鸣琴, by Lü Wencheng)
  • Píng Hú Qiū Yuè (平湖秋月, by Lü Wencheng)
  • Qīng Méi Zhú Mǎ (青梅竹马, by Lü Wencheng)
  • Sailong Duojin (赛龙夺锦, by He Liutang)
  • Xiao Tao Hong (小桃红)
  • Yu Da Ba Jiao (雨打芭蕉, possibly by He Liutang)
  • Yu Le Sheng Ping (娱乐升平, by Qiu Hechou)

Audio samples

Sample of "Ping Hu Qiu Yue" (平湖秋月, Autumn Moon On Calm Lake). Composed by Lü Wencheng. Gaohu solo played by Yu Qiwei, with guzheng accompaniment.)

Problems playing this file? See .
Sample of "Jiao shi ming qin" (蕉石鸣琴 Playing the qin by banana rock). Composed by Lü Wencheng, played by a small ensemble of five instruments, gaohu played by Yu Qiwei.

Problems playing this file? See .

External links

  • Guangdong music page (Chinese)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.