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Högre lärarinneseminariet

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Högre lärarinneseminariet

Exterior, c. 1910

Högre lärarinneseminariet (The Women's Teacher Seminar) was an institution for the education of female teachers, a female seminary, in Stockholm in Sweden. It was active from 1861 until 1943. It was the first public educational institution of higher academic learning open to women in Sweden.

History

Högre lärarinneseminariet was founded after the so called Hertha debate, a debate about women's rights caused by the novel Hertha by Fredrika Bremer in 1856. The novel spoke for the legal majority for unmarried women and for the foundation of a school for higher learning for women. The first demand was met in 1858, and Högre lärarinneseminariet was the answer to the second. From 1859, a course for women was held in the capital called Lärokursen för fruntimmer (The Learning Course For Women) which became highly popular and which were to be incorporated in the institution upon its foundation.

Högre lärarinneseminariet was inaugurated in Stockholm 1 October 1861. The first head of the institution was Jane Miller Thengberg in 1864, which was regarded as an innovation and made it the place for study trips from schools all over nationwide. [1]

The foremost purpose of the seminary was the academic education of female teachers for the public elementary schools and girls schools. The study period was three years with a voluntary additional year. In 1873, however, twelve years after its foundation, the universities in Sweden were opened to women, and as academic education to females became more accessible, the institution eventually became considered unnecessary; it was finally closed in 1943.

Statens normalskola för flickor

In addition to the female seminary, a middle school was founded in 1864, called Statens normalskola för flickor. It was the first governmental girl school in the country. The students could apply to it after four years elementary education and graduate after seven years. It was intended to be a test school for the Högre lärarinneseminariet, had the same principal and was overseen by the same governmental direction, and regarded as the role model for the modern, academic type of girl school.

Notable students

Högre lärarinneseminariet counted many notable students, such as Jeanna Oterdahl, Anna Maria Roos, Anna Sandström, Alice Tegnér and Anna Whitlock.

References

  1. ^ http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=9352
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Svenska WorldHeritage.
  • Fevrell Valter, red (1943). Kungl. Högre lärarinneseminariet in memoriam: minnesrunor. Stockholm: Geber. Libris 394435
  • Barrio de López, Silbano (2002). ”Kungliga högre lärarinneseminariet och flickskolans framväxt”. Sekelskiftets utmaningar / Ann-Katrin Hatje, red (2002): sid. 181-198 : ill. Libris 8420439
  • Högre lärarinneseminarium i Nordisk familjebok (andra upplagan, 1910)
  • http://www.ub.gu.se/fasta/laban/erez/kvinnohistoriska/tidskrifter/idun/1914/pdf/1914_24.pdf

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