World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

HIV/AIDS in Mozambique

Article Id: WHEBN0019023518
Reproduction Date:

Title: HIV/AIDS in Mozambique  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: HIV/AIDS in Africa, HIV/AIDS in Senegal, HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe, HIV/AIDS in Ivory Coast, HIV/AIDS in Lesotho
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

HIV/AIDS in Mozambique

The increase in number of HIV positive Mozambicans on Antiretroviral treatment, 2003–14.

Mozambique is facing a severe, generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Impact

The impact of the AIDS epidemic is not uniformly distributed. In 2005, the prevalence of HIV infection among adults ages 15 to 49 was estimated to be 16.1 percent. The primary mode of transmission is through heterosexual contact, with women at much greater risk for HIV infection than men. Young women ages 15 to 24 have an estimated HIV prevalence of 10.7 percent, compared to a prevalence rate of 3.6 percent among young men in the same age group.[1]

A civil war restricted movement within and outside the country until 1992, but returning refugees, as well as economic and commercial activity since then has rapidly fueled HIV prevalence to levels nearly as high as those in neighboring countries. Other populations with high HIV prevalence rates include mobile populations, people in prostitution, and those living close to major transportation routes.1 Mozambique also suffers co-epidemics of tuberculosis and malaria in addition to seasonal cholera outbreaks, all of which exacerbate the impact of HIV/AIDS.[1]

In 2010, the rate is estimated to be 11.5%, distributed amongst 13.1% of female and 9.2% of male adults aged 15–49. An estimated 5.7 million people are affected.[2]

Response

As Mozambique scales up HIV/AIDS programs and more people are reached with prevention, treatment and care services, it is vital to strengthen the capacity of Mozambican individuals and institutions to manage and deliver these services. According to the 2006 Human Development Report, Mozambique has approximately three physicians for every 100,000 people.[1]

Shortages of other health providers such as nurses, pharmacists and lab technicians are comparable. Outside of the health system, where the multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS response depends fundamentally on community-based initiatives and volunteers, Mozambique also is severely disadvantaged, with an adult literacy rate of only 46.5 percent (31.4 percent among women) and high levels of stigma and discrimination.[1]

References

  1. ^ public domain.
  2. ^ 11.5 percent HIV/AIDS prevalence in Mozambique: report

External links

  • HIV/AIDS and children in Mozambique
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.