World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hamilton (musical)

An American Musical
Playbill from the Original Broadway Production
Music Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lyrics Lin-Manuel Miranda
Book Lin-Manuel Miranda
Basis Alexander Hamilton by Ron Chernow
2015 Off-Broadway
2015 Broadway
Awards 2015 Drama Desk Award, Best Musical

Hamilton is a musical with music, lyrics, and book by Lin-Manuel Miranda. It is inspired by the biography Alexander Hamilton, by Ron Chernow. The musical premiered Off-Broadway in February 2015, where its engagement was sold out.[1] It transferred to Broadway in August 2015 where it received enthusiastic reviews and more sold out houses.[2] It won the 2015 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical and seven other Drama Desk Awards out of 14 nominations.


  • Background 1
  • Synopsis 2
    • Act One 2.1
    • Act Two 2.2
  • Principal roles and major casts 3
    • Notable cast replacements 3.1
  • Musical numbers 4
  • Productions 5
    • Vassar College Reading (2013) 5.1
    • Off-Broadway (2015) 5.2
    • Broadway (2015) 5.3
  • Concept 6
  • Critical response 7
  • Box office and business 8
  • Awards and nominations 9
    • Off-Broadway production 9.1
  • Recordings 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12


While on a vacation from his hit [28]

In his review of the Off-Broadway production, Jesse Green in New York wrote: "The conflict between independence and interdependence is not just the show’s subject but also its method: It brings the complexity of forming a union from disparate constituencies right to your ears.... Few are the theatergoers who will be familiar with all of Miranda’s touchstones. I caught the verbal references to Rodgers and Hammerstein, Gilbert and Sullivan, Sondheim, West Side Story, and 1776, but other people had to point out to me the frequent hat-tips to hip-hop... Whether it’s a watershed, a breakthrough, and a game changer, as some have been saying, is another matter. Miranda is too savvy (and loves his antecedents too much) to try to reinvent all the rules at once.... Those duels, by the way — there are three of them — are superbly handled, the highlights of a riveting if at times overbusy staging by the director Thomas Kail and the choreographer Andy Blankenbuehler."[29]

Ben Brantley in reviewing the Broadway production in The New York Times, wrote: "I am loath to tell people to mortgage their houses and lease their children to acquire tickets to a hit Broadway show. But Hamilton, directed by Thomas Kail and starring Mr. Miranda, might just about be worth it.... Washington, Jefferson, Madison – they’re all here, making war and writing constitutions and debating points of economic structure. So are Aaron Burr and the Marquis de Lafayette. They wear the clothes (by Paul Tazewell) you might expect them to wear in a traditional costume drama, and the big stage they inhabit has been done up (by David Korins) to suggest a period-appropriate tavern, where incendiary youth might gather to drink, brawl and plot revolution."[21]

David Cote in his review of the Broadway production for Time Out New York wrote "I love Hamilton. I love it like I love New York, or Broadway when it gets it right. And this is so right... A sublime conjunction of radio-ready hip-hop (as well as R&B, Britpop and trad showstoppers), under-dramatized American history and Miranda’s uniquely personal focus as a first-generation Puerto Rican and inexhaustible wordsmith, Hamilton hits multilevel culture buttons, hard... The work’s human drama and novelistic density remain astonishing." He chose Hamilton as a Critics' Pick, and gave the production five out of five stars.[30]

Box office and business

The musical's engagement at the Off-Broadway Public Theater was sold-out.[1]

When the musical opened on Broadway, it had a multi-million-dollar advance in ticket sales, reportedly taking in $30 million before its official Broadway opening.[31] Hamilton was the second-highest-grossing show on Broadway for the Labor Day week ending September 6, 2015 (behind only the The Lion King).[32] As of September 2015, the show has been sold out for most of its Broadway engagement.[2]

Awards and nominations

Off-Broadway production

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2015 Lucille Lortel Awards[33] Outstanding Musical Won
Outstanding Director Thomas Kail Won
Outstanding Choreographer Andy Blankenbuehler Won
Outstanding Lead Actor in a Musical Lin-Manuel Miranda Won
Leslie Odom Jr. Nominated
Outstanding Lead Actress in a Musical Phillipa Soo Won
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Daveed Diggs Won
Brian d'Arcy James Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Renée Elise Goldsberry Won
Outstanding Costume Design Paul Tazewell Won
Outstanding Lighting Design Howell Binkley Won
Outstanding Sound Design Nevin Steinberg Won
Outer Critics Circle Awards[34] Outstanding New Off-Broadway Musical Won
Outstanding Book of a Musical Lin-Manuel Miranda Won
Outstanding New Score Won
Outstanding Director of a Musical Thomas Kail Nominated
Outstanding Choreographer Andy Blankenbuehler Nominated
Drama League Awards[35] Outstanding Production of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Musical Nominated
Distinguished Performance Daveed Diggs Nominated
Lin-Manuel Miranda Nominated
Drama Desk Awards[36] Outstanding Musical Won
Outstanding Actor in a Musical Lin-Manuel Miranda Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Leslie Odom Jr. Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Renée Elise Goldsberry Won
Outstanding Director of a Musical Thomas Kail Won
Outstanding Music Lin-Manuel Miranda Won
Outstanding Lyrics Won
Outstanding Book of a Musical Won
Outstanding Orchestrations Alex Lacamoire Nominated
Outstanding Set Design David Korins Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design Paul Tazewell Nominated
Outstanding Lighting Design Howell Binkley Nominated
Outstanding Sound Design in a Musical Nevin Steinberg Won
Special Award Andy Blankenbuehler Won
New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards[37] Best Musical Won
Theatre World Awards[38] Outstanding Debut Performance Daveed Diggs Won
Clarence Derwent Awards[39] Most Promising Female Performer Phillipa Soo Won
Obie Awards[40] Best New American Theatre Work Lin-Manuel Miranda
Thomas Kail
Andy Blankenbuehler
Alex Lacamoire
Edgerton Foundation New American Play Awards[41] Won

‡ Blankenbuehler received a Special Drama Desk Award for "his inspired and heart-stopping choreography in Hamilton, which is indispensible to the musical's storytelling. His body of work is versatile, yet a dynamic and fluid style is consistently evident. When it's time to 'take his shot,' Blankenbuehler hits the bull's-eye."[36]


The original Broadway cast recording for Hamilton was made available to listeners by NPR on September 21, 2015.[42] It was released by Atlantic Records digitally on September 25, 2015, and physical copies were released on October 16, 2015.[43] The cast album will also be released on vinyl.[44]

The album debuted at No. 12 on the Billboard 200 albums chart, the highest entrance for a cast recording since 1963.[45]


  1. ^ a b Gioia, Michael. "History in the Making — Revolutionary Musical 'Hamilton' Opens on Broadway Tonight" Playbill, August 6, 2015
  2. ^ a b Simonson, Robert. "Broadway Box-Office Analysis, Aug. 24-30: A New Miss Turnstiles Brings a Boost to On the Town", Playbill, August 31, 2015; Simonson, Robert. "Broadway Box-Office Analysis, Sept. 7-13: 'Mamma Mia!' Fans Thank Them For the Music", Playbill, September 14, 2015; Simonson, Robert. "Broadway Box-Office Analysis: Two New Shows Make a Splash and Audiences Flock to Revisit 'Old Times'", Playbill, September 28, 2015; and "Historical Grosses for 'Hamilton'", BroadwayWorld (source: The Broadway League), accessed October 10, 2015
  3. ^ (play) 1917"Hamilton" IBDB, accessed August 12, 2015
  4. ^ a b Viagas, Robert. "Beach Read to Broadway! How Lin-Manuel Miranda Turned a History Book into 'Hamilton'" Playbill, August 5, 2015
  5. ^ "The Official Page For The Music of Hamilton: The Musical". Retrieved 2015-10-02. 
  6. ^ a b Boroff, Philip. "Hip-Hop Hero Alexander Hamilton, Supertutors Eye Broadway", August 1, 2013
  7. ^ Hetrick, Adam. " 'Hamilton" Ends Sold-Out Off-Broadway Run Tonight – Broadway Revolution Is Next", May 3, 2015
  8. ^ Hetrick, Adam (June 18, 2015). !"Hamilton"The Revolution Is Coming! Meet the Full Cast of Broadway's . Retrieved July 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "'Spring Awakening' Star Is New King of Broadway-Bound 'Hamilton'" Playbill, February 25, 2015
  10. ^ Gans, Andrew. Once a Week"Hamilton" Lin-Manuel Miranda's Alternate Will Play Title Role in Playbill, July 6, 2015
  11. ^ "Breaking News: Andrew Rannells Will Inherit King George's Crown in 'Hamilton' on Broadway", October 8, 2015
  12. ^  
  13. ^ Dominick, Nora. "Hamilton's Lin-Manuel Miranda Shares a Scene Not on the Cast Album". Broadway World. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  14. ^ Scholet, Nicole. "'Hamilton Mixtape' Unveiled at Vassar Reading Festival", August 27, 2013
  15. ^ Brantley, Ben (February 17, 2015). "Review: In ‘Hamilton,’ Lin-Manuel Miranda Forges Democracy Through Rap". The New York Times (The New York Times). Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  16. ^ Gioia, Michael. "Revolutionaries, Turn Up! Lin-Manuel Miranda's 'Hamilton' Will Head To Broadway This Summer", February 24, 2015
  17. ^ Gioia, Michael. "Despite Buzz of a Broadway Transfer, 'Hamilton' Announces Another Off-Broadway Extension" Playbill, February 4, 2015
  18. ^ a b Mead, Rebecca. "All About the Hamiltons" The New Yorker, February 9, 2015
  19. ^ "'Hamilton' Public Theater", accessed september 26, 2015
  20. ^ "Hamilton Off-Broadway Reviews". Did He Like It. Did He Like It. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c Brantley, Ben (2015-08-06). "Review: ‘Hamilton,’ Young Rebels Changing History and Theater". The New York Times.  
  22. ^ Hetrick, Adam. Download the Revolution! Hamilton Broadway Cast Album Released Today" Playbill, September 25, 2015
  23. ^ "Backstage on Broadway 'Hamilton' Opens to Rave Reviews"
  24. ^ "'Hamilton' Broadway Reviews" Did He Like It
  25. ^ Scheck, Frank. "Review. 'Hamilton'" Hollywood Reporter, February 17, 2015
  26. ^ Paulsen, M. (July 12, 2015). "'Hamilton' Heads to Broadway in a Hip-Hop Retelling" The New York Times, retrieved August 17, 2015.
  27. ^ DiGiacomo, Frank. "Hamilton's' Lin-Manuel Miranda on Finding Originality, Racial Politics (and Why Trump Should See His Show)" The Hollywood Reporter, August 12, 2015
  28. ^ Stasio, Marilyn. "Off Broadway Review: 'Hamilton' by Lin-Manuel Miranda" Variety, February 17, 2015
  29. ^ Green, Jesse. "Theater Review: Lin-Manuel Miranda’s 'Hamilton' Is Worth Way More Than $10" (, February 23, 2015
  30. ^ Cote, David. "Theater Review. 'Hamilton'", August 6, 2015
  31. ^ Gans, Andrew and Gioia, Michael. "'Hamilton' Opens with Multi-Million Dollar Advance" Playbill, August 7, 2015
  32. ^ Paulson, Michael. "In the Heights: ‘Hamilton’ Reaches Top Tier at Broadway Box Office" The New York Times, September 8, 2015
  33. ^ Playbill Staff (April 2, 2015). Earn Lortel Award Nominations"Into the Woods, The Nether, Hamilton". Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  34. ^ Gans, Andrew; Viagas, Robert (April 20, 2015). Leads the Pack"Something Rotten!"Outer Critics Circle Nominees Announced; . Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  35. ^ Gans, Andrew (April 21, 2015). "2015 Drama League Awards Nominations Announced; More Than 45 Will Vie for Distinguished Performance Honor". Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  36. ^ a b Gans, Andrew (April 23, 2015). Tops the List"Hamilton"Drama Desk Nominations Announced; . Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  37. ^ Hetrick, Adam (May 4, 2015). Win 2015 New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards"Between Riverside and Crazy and Hamilton". Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  38. ^ Viagas, Robert (May 5, 2015). "Broadway Siblings Megan and Robert Fairchild Among 71st Annual Theatre World Award Winners". Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  39. ^ Clement, Olivia (May 7, 2015). "Phillipa Soo and Josh Grisetti Named Most Promising Performers by Actors' Equity". Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  40. ^ BWW News Desk (May 18, 2015). , Darko Tresnjak, Ayad Akhtar & More Win 2015 Obie Awards - Full List!"HAMILTON". Retrieved May 18, 2015. 
  41. ^ BWW News Desk (February 13, 2015). and More Among 2015 Edgerton Foundation New Play Award Winners"HAMILTON, POCATELLO, BRIGHT STAR, THE OLDEST BOY". Retrieved July 4, 2015. 
  42. ^ Kelley, Frannie. "'"First Listen: Cast Recording, 'Hamilton. NPR. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  43. ^ Hetrick, Adam; Gioia, Michael (16 September 2015). "Two-Disc Hamilton Broadway Cast Album Will Hit Stores in October". Playbill. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  44. ^ Gans, Andrew; Hetrick, Adam (17 August 2015). "Hamilton Cast Recording Show Album Today". Playbill. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  45. ^ Goldstein, Jessica. Made Billboard History"Hamilton"Man, The Man Is Non-Stop: How , ThinkProgress, October 8, 2015

External links

  • Hamilton at Internet Broadway database
  • Internet Off-Broadway listing
Marilyn Stasio, in her review of the Off-Broadway production for

Critical response

Miranda said that the portrayal of Hamilton, suspension of disbelief by audience members. “Our cast looks like America looks now, and that’s certainly intentional,” he said. “It’s a way of pulling you into the story and allowing you to leave whatever cultural baggage you have about the founding fathers at the door.”[26] He noted "We're telling the story of old, dead white men but we're using actors of color, and that makes the story more immediate and more accessible to a contemporary audience."[27]

According to an article in The New Yorker, the show is "Rooted in hip-hop, but also encompassing R. & B., jazz, pop, Tin Pan Alley, and the choral strains of contemporary Broadway, the show is an achievement of historical and cultural reimagining." The costumes and set reflect the period, with "velvet frock coats and knee britches. The set a wooden scaffold against exposed brick; the warm lighting suggests candlelight.[18] The musical is mostly sung-through, with little dialogue.[6][25]


The production was highly praised by theater critics.[21][23][24]

Hamilton premiered on Broadway at the Richard Rodgers Theatre (home to Miranda's 2008 Broadway debut In the Heights) on July 13, 2015 in previews, and opened on August 6, 2015.[21] The production is produced by Jeffrey Seller and features scenic design by David Korins, costumes by Paul Tazewell, lighting by Howell Binkley and sound by Nevin Steinberg.[22]

Broadway (2015)

Directed by Thomas Kail and choreographed by Andy Blankenbuehler, the musical debuted Off-Broadway at The Public Theater with previews starting on January 20, 2015 and officially opening on February 17.[15][16] The production was extended twice, first to April 5 and then to May 3.[17] Chernow served as historical consultant to the production.[18][19] The show opened to universal acclaim according to review aggregator Did He Like It.[20]

Off-Broadway (2015)

Miranda performed in a workshop production of the show, then titled The Hamilton Mixtape, at the Vassar Reading Festival on July 27, 2013.[14] The workshop production was directed by Thomas Kail and musically directed by Alex Lacamoire. The workshop consisted of the entirety of the first act of the show and 3 songs from the second act. The workshop was accompanied by Lacamoire on the piano.[4] The only cast members to continue with the show throughout the rest of its course to Broadway would be Miranda as Alexander Hamilton, Daveed Diggs as Thomas Jefferson/Marquis de Lafayette, and Chris Jackson as George Washington.

Vassar College Reading (2013)


‡ Not included on the Original Broadway Cast Recording.[13]

† Previously titled "One Last Ride" in the Off-Broadway production.[12]

Musical numbers

  • [9]
  • Javier Muñoz is the Alternate for Alexander Hamilton, playing the role once a week on Broadway as well as understudying Miranda.[10]
  • [11]

Notable cast replacements

Character Vassar Workshop (2013)[6] Off-Broadway (2015)[7] Original Broadway Cast (2015)[8]
Alexander Hamilton Lin-Manuel Miranda Lin-Manuel Miranda / Javier Muñoz*
Aaron Burr Utkarsh Ambudkar Leslie Odom Jr.
Angelica Schuyler Church Anika Noni Rose Renée Elise Goldsberry
Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton Ana Nogueira Phillipa Soo
George Washington Christopher Jackson
King George Joshua Henry Brian d'Arcy James / Jonathan Groff* Jonathan Groff
Maria Reynolds / Margarita "Peggy" Schuyler Van Rensselaer Presilah Nunez Jasmine Cephas Jones
Thomas Jefferson / Marquis de Lafayette Daveed Diggs
James Madison / Hercules Mulligan Joshua Henry Okieriete Onaodowan
John Laurens / Phillip Hamilton Javier Muñoz Anthony Ramos

Principal roles and major casts

Everyone, save Hamilton and Eliza, congregates for the epilogue. Washington enters and poses the same advice about history he once gave to Hamilton, "you have no control over who lives, who dies, who tells your story." Jefferson and Madison laud Hamilton's genius despite their disagreements, while Angelica and Burr wonder how Hamilton will be remembered. Eliza then enters. She explains how she tells her husband's story over the next fifty years she lives. She tries to organize and make sense of Hamilton's thousands of writings, interviews every soldier who fought with him, raises funds for the Washington monument, speaks out against slavery, and founds the first private orphanage in New York City. She still frets that she has not done enough, and then says she can't wait to see Hamilton again. Hamilton then joins her and beckons her forward. She gazes with awe out into some blissful beyond as everyone asks who will tell her story ("Who Lives, Who Dies, Who Tells Your Story").[5]

The next morning, Burr and Hamilton travel to New Jersey with their seconds and a doctor. Unbeknownst to Burr, the dueling ground they have chosen is close to where Phillip died in his duel with Eacker. Hamilton is the first to get into position, and Burr points out that Hamilton is wearing his glasses. He says there's no reason for that unless Hamilton means to take deadly aim, while admitting that he himself is a terrible shot. Burr declares that Hamilton will not make an orphan out of his daughter, whose mother had died a few years before. The men raise their guns to shoot, and just before a shot sounds, everything freezes – people and music alike. Only Hamilton remains, and he comments on how much he has thought about death, his relationships, and wonders about his legacy. Then time resumes, Burr shoots Hamilton, and he falls. Burr tries to reach him, but Hamilton is taken away and it is suggested to Burr that he go into hiding. Hamilton dies soon later, with both Eliza and Angelica by his side. Burr laments on how even though he survived, he's cursed to be the villain in history, remembered only as the man who killed Alexander Hamilton. He realizes that no one needed to die that day because the world was wide enough for both Hamilton and him in it ("The World Was Wide Enough").

Over the next few months, Burr and Hamilton exchange a series of passive aggressive letters to each other. Burr implies that Hamilton backed Jefferson solely to spite him, and Hamilton says he was just telling the truth. Burr, enraged, challenges Hamilton to a duel, which he accepts ("Your Obedient Servant"). Hamilton awakes early on the morning of the duel. Eliza asks him to come back to bed, to which Hamilton replies that he just needs to write something down. Eliza heads back to bed ("Best of Wives and Best of Women").

The Presidential Election of 1800 ends up in a tie between Jefferson and Burr. Burr is going door to door campaigning for himself, and he comes across Hamilton. Burr tells him that he's doing everything he can to be President, and that he learned that from him. Hamilton, however, is upset that Burr has once again changed his own ideals to try to win, instead of sticking to his own convictions. When Hamilton is bombarded by people asking for his opinion on who to vote for, he shocks everyone and says Jefferson. He says that even though he has never agreed with the man, at least Jefferson has beliefs, unlike Burr. Jefferson ends up winning by a landslide ("The Election of 1800").

In the aftermath of Phillip's death, the Hamilton family moves uptown. Hamilton and Eliza have become recluse, and Angelica, serving as a narrator, tells everyone to have pity for him, as they are coping with the "unimaginable." During this time, Hamilton tries to gain Eliza's forgiveness and eventually does ("It's Quiet Uptown").

Years pass, and Phillip has just graduated from King's College at the age of nineteen. He is praised for having the same intelligence and good looks as his father. Phillip is upset to find out that a man named George Eacker has been saying bad things about his father, and calls Eacker out at a theatre. Eacker, angry that Phillip has made a fool of him in public, challenges him to a duel. Phillip accepts, and goes to his father for advice. Hamilton orders Phillip to aim his gun to the sky instead of at Eacker, and if Eacker is a man of honor he will follow suit. Phillip promises to do so, and while he is alone, admits he's nervous, but knows he has to defend his father. The duel countdown begins, and Phillip is aiming for the sky from the beginning ("Blow Us All Away"). However, by the time they reach seven, Eacker shoots Phillip. He is taken to a doctor, and Hamilton rushes to his side, but it is too late. Hamilton comforts Phillip, who promises his father that he did everything he told him to. A horrified Eliza then arrives, and she counts to nine in French with him until Phillip dies ("Stay Alive (Reprise)").

Hamilton then publishes the letters that James and Maria Reynolds wrote him, and writes about them. Jefferson, Madison, and Burr rejoice over how Hamilton is "never gonna be President now." Angelica, upon hearing the news, travels from England. Hamilton, believing she is there for him, thanks her for coming. Angelica instead puts her own feelings for Hamilton aside and tells her that she is there to comfort Eliza, and leaves him ("The Reynolds Pamphlets"). At night when she is alone, Eliza takes all of the letters that Hamilton has written her and rereads them, trying to find any sort of signs to why he would ever do this. Eliza then takes herself out of the narrative by burning all of the letters, destroying Hamilton's chance at redemption and keeping the world from knowing how she reacted ("Burn").

Adams and Hamilton (who is no longer Secretary of the Treasury) have a huge altercation and effectively destroy each other's reputation and the Federalist Party. Madison points out to Jefferson, who is now Vice President, and Burr that without Washington and without his position, Hamilton now has no authority to oppose them ("The Adams Administration"). Jefferson declares that this isn't enough, because Hamilton with a pen is still threat. He suggests they tell Hamilton about the scandal they think they've found out. The three approach Hamilton, and accuse him of embezzling government money and committing treason. In reality, however, they had just found the transactions from his affair with Maria Reynolds. Hamilton, knowing the truth is the only way out, tells them about his affair and begs them not to tell anyone ("We Know"). Hamilton, still worried that the trio will tell, thinks about how writing openly and honestly has saved him in the past ("Hurricane").

In England, King George III receives news about George Washington's step down from leadership, and was unaware that someone could resign from power. He is then told about the new president,

In another cabinet meeting, Jefferson and Hamilton argue over whether or not the United States should assist France in their revolution. Jefferson urges people to remember what France has done for the American Revolution, but Hamilton argues that Jefferson doesn't understand what a revolution is really like, since he spent the American Revolution in France, and that they should remain neutral. Washington agrees with Hamilton, and the Congress decides to remain farewell address ("One Last Time").

At the Hamilton home, Phillip shows his mother a paper that says that her father, Phillip Schuyler, has lost his seat in the Senate to Burr. Eliza and Phillip express concern over how Hamilton will react to the news. Elsewhere, Hamilton confronts Burr. He accuses Burr of switching parties solely to run against his father-in-law. Burr says he was simply seizing the opportunity, but Hamilton doesn't believe him and it drives a wedge between the two friends ("Schuyler Defeated").

Hamilton talks with Burr, who asks him how he's going to get his plan approved. Hamilton tells him that he'll be yielding Burr's old advice to "talk less, smile more." Hamilton then has to leave to discuss his plan with Jefferson and Madison over a private dinner, and resulting in the Compromise of 1790 giving support to Hamilton's financial plan in exchange for moving the United States capital from New York to Virginia (eventually becoming Washington, DC). Burr comments on how no one besides the men who were in the meeting know how decisions were made. This insecurity is emphasized by the repeated refrain that "Thomas [Jefferson] claims" the meeting was run by himself, but no one else can vouch for that claim, as no one else was present at the dinner. Burr is envious of Hamilton's sway in the government and wishes he had similar power, saying he wants to be in the room where it happens ("The Room Where It Happens").

While Eliza is on vacation, Hamilton is visited by Maria Reynolds, who claims her husband is mistreating her. She asks if he could lend her money to escape, and Hamilton agrees and walks her home. When they arrive at her house, she invites him inside and seduces him. They begin to have an affair. Then, Maria's husband, James Reynolds, blackmails Hamilton into paying him money. Hamilton is furious with Maria, who claims she didn't know of her husband's intentions. Hamilton, however, agrees and pays Reynolds the money he requested ("Say No To This").

Hamilton begins working at home, but he's stopped by Eliza. She reminds him that it's Phillip's ninth birthday, and tells him that Phillip has something to show him. He performs a short rap, which amazes Hamilton. Eliza then asks Hamilton if he wants to accompany her on vacation upstate at her father's home. Hamilton refuses, saying that he has to work on his plan for Congress. In England, Angelica fawns over the last letter Hamilton sent her, in which he wrote "My Dearest, Angelica..."; she is excited by the fact that by placing the comma where he did, Hamilton has referred to her as his "dearest." She also advises him about how he needs to convince Jefferson of his plan in order for Congress to accept it, and says that she'll be returning to America to join them on their trip upstate. When she arrives, though she is excited to see Eliza, she is saddened that Hamilton won't be joining them and tries to convince him otherwise. In the end, the Schuyler sisters end up leaving without him ("Take a Break").

In 1789 Thomas Jefferson returns to his home state of Virginia from France, where he spent most of the revolution as an ambassador. Washington asks him to be Secretary of State. Jefferson accepts and heads to New York, where he is met by James Madison who asks him to help stop Hamilton's financial plan, which Madison believes gives the government too much control ("What'd I Miss?"). Jefferson and Hamilton then engage in debate over the merits of Hamilton's financial plan during a cabinet meeting. Things start to get heated, so Washington orders a break. He then pulls Hamilton aside and tells him to figure out a compromise to win over Congress otherwise he'll lose his position as the Secretary of the Treasury ("Cabinet Battle #1").

Act Two

Now that the war is over, Hamilton and Burr both return to New York to finish their studies and pursue careers as lawyers. Burr is in awe of Hamilton's non-stop work ethic and becomes increasingly irritated by his success. Hamilton is chosen as a New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention and makes a name for himself by proposing his own plan for the Unites States government in a six-hour speech. Hamilton asks Burr's help in publishing a series of anonymous articles in support of the new Constitution, but Burr refuses, still hesitant to take action lest he choose the losing side. Hamilton, frustrated, finally asks him what he is waiting for, and Burr can only remark that he is waiting for something certain. Hamilton, along with James Madison and John Jay, writes The Federalist Papers without Burr. Angelica moves to England with a rich and successful man she has married, but still holds her old affections for Hamilton, while Eliza struggles to understand why she is being slowly marginalized out of his life. Hamilton then is offered the job of Secretary of Treasury by newly elected President Washington. Over Eliza's protests, he accepts. ("Non-Stop").

Hamilton writes a message to his son, named Phillip after Eliza's father, about all his hopes and dreams for him, as well as explaining how much he loves him. Burr does the same to his daughter, who is named Theodosia after her mother ("Dear Theodosia"). Hamilton's moment of peace is shattered when news arrives that John Laurens has been killed in a skirmish with retreating British soldiers after the war had already ended. ("Tomorrow There'll Be More of Us").

Lafayette takes a larger leadership role in the revolution and is a key player in convincing France to join the American cause. With France on their side, the balance shifts in favor of the Continental Army. Washington and Lafayette realize they can win the war by cutting off the British navy at Yorktown, but they will need Hamilton to do so, and the General reluctantly gives him his long-awaited command ("Guns and Ships"). On the eve of Battle, Washington recalls his disastrous first command, and advises Hamilton that no man can control how he is remembered ("History Has Its Eyes on You"). Hamilton and Lafayette have a brief moment to reflect on their friendship before the battle begins, and then Hamilton leads his troops into the

As the revolution continues, Eliza prays for Hamilton's safety. The Continental Army is underfunded and Hamilton, Washington and their men are near starvation. Hamilton repeatedly petitions Washington to give him command, but Washington refuses, instead promoting Charles Lee to a high command. This decision proves disastrous at the Battle of Monmouth. Lee orders a retreat against Washington's orders, prompting the commander to remove him from command in favor of Lafayette. The battle ends in a stalemate, but the disgruntled Lee spreads slanderous, vindictive rumors about Washington. Hamilton is offended by Lee's statements and wants to hold him to his word, but Washington orders Hamilton to ignore the comments. Laurens volunteers to duel Lee instead ("Stay Alive"). In preparation for the duel, the duelists and their seconds, Hamilton and Burr, explains the "ten commandments" of dueling, and Laurens wins the duel by injuring Lee ("Ten Duel Commandments"). Washington is enraged at the duel, makes peace with Lee, and angrily reprimands Hamilton for participating in a duel and sowing dissent and division in the army. Hamilton is enraged at his paternal tone, and asks Washington, again, for a command. Instead, Washington orders him to return home to his wife ("Meet Me Inside"). When Hamilton returns home, Eliza tells him that she is pregnant with their first son, and reveals that she sent Washington a letter begging him to send Hamilton home a month prior. Hamilton then realizes why Washington never gave him any dangerous jobs, and bitterly asks Eliza how she will fare as the wife of a poor man. She responds that he is enough for her as long as he allows her to be a part of his life ("That Would Be Enough").

Lafayette, Mulligan, and Laurens drink with the groom, teasing and joking like old times, then Burr, recently promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, arrives to offer congratulations. Hamilton welcomes him, but the other men are hostile, taunting him about a secret love affair. Burr privately reveals to a supportive Hamilton that his lover, Theodosia, is married to a British Officer ("The Story of Tonight (Reprise)"). Hamilton questions Burr on why he continues to avoid taking action in love and life. Burr avoids the question and the two men part as friends. When he is alone, Burr describes to the audience the lessons he has learned: since love and death claim their victims at random, he is content to wait until fate has decided how to treat him. He also comments on feeling threatened by Hamilton's quick rise to success, but resolves to wait and see what life has in store for him ("Wait For It").

Burr watches with growing jealousy as Hamilton rises in rank. In the winter of 1780, the men attend a ball given by Philip Schuyler, and Hamilton, eager to progress in society, sets his eyes on his host's daughters ("A Winter's Ball"). Eliza spots Hamilton among the men and is instantly smitten, but is too shy to go up and speak to him. Angelica goes over to Hamilton and brings him to meet Eliza. The two seem to fall in love instantly, and begin sending letters to each other before Hamilton asks to marry Eliza, earning her father's approval despite the social barrier between them ("Helpless"). At their wedding, Angelica gives a toast as the maid of honor. The action then rewinds to the night of the ball, but this time the events are shown from Angelica's perspective. She reveals how she was instantly attracted to Hamilton intellectually and physically, but as soon as she saw how her sister reacted to him, she realized three truths in a moment: firstly, that as her Father's eldest daughter, she has a responsibility to marry for wealth; secondly, that the penniless Hamilton would be interested in any of Schuyler's daughters; and thirdly that if she were to tell Eliza her feelings toward Hamilton, her sister would silently sacrifice her own happiness in exchange for Angelica's. With these truths in mind, Angelica swallows her own feelings and introduces Hamilton to her sister, and the action returns to the wedding as Angelica resumes her blessing on the new couple ("Satisfied").

The revolution is now underway and the British forces have already captured

A vocal British

It is the summer of 1776 in New York City. Revolution is imminent. Hamilton seeks out Aaron Burr, anxious to discover how he finished college in two years, a feat Hamilton wishes to repeat. Burr is impressed but concerned by Hamilton's verbosity and passion, advising him to "Talk less; smile more." They then go out for a drink and meet a trio of revolutionaries: fiery abolitionist John Laurens, the flamboyant Marquis de Lafayette, and the tailor's apprentice Hercules Mulligan. They invite Burr to join them in promoting their revolutionary ideals, but he declines, preferring to maintain some plausible deniability in case things go south ("Aaron Burr, Sir"). Instead, Hamilton joins the revolutionaries, dazzling them with his oratory skill, quickly becoming a leader in their cause ("My Shot"). The four revolutionaries bond, toasting their future and dreaming of laying down their lives for the cause ("The Story of Tonight"). Meanwhile, the wealthy Schuyler sisters – Angelica, Eliza, and Peggy – wander the streets of New York excited by the spirit of revolution in the air. Angelica, the oldest of the three, is searching for minds that will challenge her intellect ("The Schuyler Sisters").

The musical begins with the company giving a summary of Alexander Hamilton's early life. They go over the major details of his life before moving to the United States, such as his birth in the Caribbean, abandonment by his father at age ten and death of his mother at age 12, and the destruction of his town by a hurricane at age 17. As the song ends, Hamilton is seen arriving by ship in New York Harbor.

Act One


[4] Evening of Poetry, Music, and the Spoken Word where he performed the opening number from The Hamilton Mixtapes. He spent a year after that working on another early number from the show, "My Shot."White House. On May 12, 2009, Miranda performed at the Heights Upon Miranda's discovery that a musical had not yet been done, he began his work. It began as a project titled "The Hamilton Mixtape" that Miranda worked on during his spare time from [3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.