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Hampstead (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hampstead (UK Parliament constituency)

Hampstead
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County County of London
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Hampstead & Highgate
Created from Middlesex

Hampstead was a borough constituency, centered on the Hampstead area of North London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, who was elected using the first-past-the-post voting system.

It was created for the 1885 general election,[1] and abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partly replaced by the new Hampstead and Highgate constituency.

Hampstead in the Metropolitan area, boundaries used 1885-1918
Hampstead in the Parliamentary County of London, boundaries used 1918-50
Hampstead in the Parliamentary County of London, boundaries used 1950-74
A map showing the wards of Hampstead Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

Contents

  • Boundaries 1
  • Members of Parliament 2
  • Election results 3
    • Elections in the 1880s 3.1
    • Elections in the 1890s 3.2
    • Elections in the 1900s 3.3
    • Election in the 1910s 3.4
    • Elections in the 1920s 3.5
    • Elections in the 1930s 3.6
    • Elections in the 1940s 3.7
    • Elections in the 1950s 3.8
    • Elections in the 1960s 3.9
    • Elections in the 1970s 3.10
  • References 4

Boundaries

The parliamentary borough of Hampstead was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and consisted of the civil parish of St John, Hampstead, Middlesex.[2] The parish had previously formed part of the Parliamentary County of Middlesex.[3] Hampstead lay within the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works, and in 1889 this became the County of London. In 1900 the county was divided into twenty-eight metropolitan boroughs, with the civil parish becoming the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead.[3]

Parliamentary constituencies were redrawn under the Representation of the People Act 1918, with boundaries in London realigned to those of the metropolitan boroughs. Accordingly, the Hampstead constituency was defined by the legislation as being identical in area to the metropolitan borough of the same name.[3][4] When the next redistribution was carried out under the Representation of the People Act 1948 the term "parliamentary borough" was replaced with "borough constituency". The renamed Hampstead Borough Constituency continued with the same boundaries, with the changes coming into effect for the 1950 general election.[5]

In 1965 both the County of London and the metropolitan boroughs were abolished. Hampstead became part of the larger London Borough of Camden.[3] The changes were not reflected in parliamentary boundaries until 1970. The constituency was officially renamed "Camden, Hampstead Borough Constituency" and was defined as comprising seven wards of the London Borough, namely Adelaide, Belsize, Hampstead Central, Hampstead Town, Kilburn, Priory and West End.[6] The wards of the borough were altered in 1973, with Swiss Cottage Ward replacing Hampstead Central in the constituency's definition.[3] These boundaries were used until 1983 when the seat was abolished.

Members of Parliament

Election[7] Member Party
1885 Sir Henry Holland Conservative
1888 by-election Edward Hoare Conservative
1902 by-election Thomas Milvain Conservative
1905 by-election John Fletcher Conservative
1918 George Balfour Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1941 by-election Charles Challen Conservative
1950 Henry Brooke Conservative
1966 Ben Whitaker Labour
1970 Geoffrey Finsberg Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Hampstead & Highgate

Election results

Elections in the 1880s

Marquess of Lorne
1885 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Henry Thurstan Holland 2,785 59.0 n/a
Liberal Marquess of Lorne 1,910 40.4 n/a
Social Democratic Federation John E. Williams 27 0.6 n/a
Majority 875 18.6 n/a
Turnout 79.0 n/a
Conservative win
Sir Henry Holland
1886 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Henry Thurstan Holland 2,707 74.1 15.1
Liberal William Ramsay Scott 945 25.9 -14.5
Majority 1,762 48.2 +
Turnout 5,981 61.1 -17.9
Conservative hold Swing +14.8
Hampstead by-election, 1886
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Thurstan Holland unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Edward Hoare
Hampstead by-election, 1888
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s

1892 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare 3,848 63.2 n/a
Liberal John Castleman Swinburne-Hanham 2,239 36.8 n/a
Majority 1,609 26.4 n/a
Turnout 73.6 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
1895 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s

1900 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Hampstead by-election, 1902
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Milvain 3,843 64.5 n/a
Liberal G.F. Rowe 2,118 35.5 n/a
Majority 1,725 29.0 n/a
Turnout 58.0 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Hampstead by-election, 1905
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 4,228 52.6 -11.9
Liberal G.F. Rowe 3,803 47.4 +11.9
Majority 425 5.2 -23.8
Turnout 11,301 71.1 +13.1
Conservative hold Swing -11.9
1906 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 4,934 52.5 -0.1
Liberal G.F. Rowe 4,461 47.5 +0.1
Majority 473 5.0 -0.2
Turnout 81.9 +10.8
Conservative hold Swing -0.1

Election in the 1910s

January 1910 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 6,228 61.2 +8.7
Liberal Frank George Howard 3,949 38.8 -8.7
Majority 2,279 22.4 +17.4
Turnout 84.5 +2.6
Conservative hold Swing +8.7
Samuel Dore
December 1910 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 5,605 64.2 +3.0
Liberal Samuel Lammas Dore 3,129 35.8 -3.0
Majority 2,476 28.4 +6.0
Turnout 72.5 -12.0
Conservative hold Swing +3.0
General Election 14 December 1918: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  • George Balfour
13,393 70.8 +6.6
Labour Benjamin Skene MacKay 3,646 19.3 n/a
National Party John Harris Wrentmore 1,881 9.9 n/a
Majority 9,747 51.5 +
Turnout 58.1 +14.5
Unionist hold Swing n/a
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 15 November 1922: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 14,596 59.7 -11.1
National Liberal Albert Clavering 5,582 22.9 n/a
Liberal L S Fletcher 4,282 17.5 n/a
Majority 9,014 36.9 -14.6
Turnout 24,460 63.1 +5.0
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 6 December 1923: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 13,513 58.6 -1.1
Liberal L S Fletcher 9,538 41.4 +23.9
Majority 3,975 17.2 -19.7
Turnout 23,051 58.0 -5.1
Unionist hold Swing -1.1
General Election 29 October 1924: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 21,432 79.1 +20.5
Labour Charles Terry Hendin 5,662 20.9 n/a
Majority 15,770 58.2 +41.0
Turnout 27,094 67.2 +9.2
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 30 May 1929: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 23,370 58.3 -20.8
Labour F. E. Dawkins 8,473 21.1 +0.2
Liberal M. Leon Freedman 8,273 20.6 n/a
Majority 14,897 37.1 -21.1
Turnout 40,116 62.8 -4.4
Unionist hold Swing -10.5

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 27 October 1931: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Balfour 36,928 87.1 +28.8
Labour Harry Smith 5,475 12.9 -8.2
Majority 31,453 74.2 +37.1
Turnout 42,403 77.8 +15.0
Conservative hold Swing +18.5
General Election 14 November 1935: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Balfour 28,334 73.2 -13.9
Labour Harry Smith 6,987 18.0 +5.1
Liberal John L. Young 3,396 8.8 N/A
Majority 21,347 55.1 -19.1
Turnout 38,717 59.0 -18.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

Hampstead by-election, 1941
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Challen 7,630 67.4 -5.8
Noel Pemberton Billing 2,734 24.1 N/A
Majority 4,896 43.3 N/A
Turnout 17.3 -41.7
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 5 to 19 July 1945: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 1,358 3.6 -39.6
Turnout 37,946 68.4 +51.1
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 23 February 1950: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 12,576 22.0 +16.4
Turnout 80.5
Conservative hold Swing +11.0
General Election 25 October 1951: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 12,106 21.3 -0.7
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing -0.3
General Election 26 May 1955: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 12,186 24.1 +2.8
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing +1.4
General Election 8 October 1959: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 12,006 25.1 +1.0
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1964: Hampstead[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 1,835 4.0 -21.1
Turnout 45,960 67.6
Conservative hold Swing -10.5
General Election 1966: Hampstead[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 2,253 4.6 8.6
Turnout 49,066 72.4 +4.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +4.3

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 18 June 1970: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 474 1.04 5.6
Turnout 63.68
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +2.8
General Election 28 February 1974: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 2,257 5.00 +4.0
Turnout 70.71
Conservative hold Swing +2.0
General Election 10 October 1974: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Civil Rights M Maguire 146 0.36 n/a
Majority 1,725 4.27 -0.7
Turnout 63.06
Conservative hold Swing -0.3
General Election 3 May 1979: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Majority 3,681 8.53 +4.2
Turnout 67.41
Conservative hold Swing +2.1

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Fourth Schedule: New Boroughs
  3. ^ a b c d e
  4. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918. Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats
  5. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, First Schedule: Parliamentary Constituencies
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970/1674)
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  8. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  9. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • Debrett’s Illustrated Heraldic and Biographical House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1886
  • Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1901
  • Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1918
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