World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hans Globke

Article Id: WHEBN0000392171
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hans Globke  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Wilhelm Stuckart, Geltungsjude, Hilde Benjamin, German activists, Lea Grundig
Collection: 1898 Births, 1973 Deaths, Cartellverband Der Katholischen Deutschen Studentenverbindungen Members, Centre Party (Germany) Politicians, German Activists, German Jurists, German Military Personnel of World War I, German People Convicted of War Crimes, German Roman Catholics, Grand Crosses of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Heads of the German Chancellery, Holocaust Perpetrators, Nazi Lawyers, People from Düsseldorf, People from the Rhine Province, People of Nazi Germany, Recipients of the Grand Decoration with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria, University of Bonn Alumni, University of Cologne Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Hans Globke

Hans Globke
Born Hans Josef Maria Globke
(1898-09-10)10 September 1898
Düsseldorf, Germany
Died 13 February 1973(1973-02-13) (aged 74)
Nationality German
Occupation Lawyer, Politician
Known for Advisor to Konrad Adenauer
Political party CDU
Religion Roman Catholic
Spouse(s) Augusta Vaillant

Hans Josef Maria Globke (10 September 1898 – 13 February 1973) was a high-ranking public servant after World War II in the Federal Republic of Germany. His crass antisemitic activities as a high-profile civil servant and jurist before and specially during the Nazi time resulted in controversies after the war that troubled his protector and only supervisor Konrad Adenauer, who had recruited him to serve in his administration.

Contents

  • Early life and studies 1
  • Pre-World War II service and Nazi activity 2
  • Post-World War II public service and controversy 3
  • Honours and awards 4
  • Works 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Bibliography 8

Early life and studies

Globke was born in Düsseldorf, Rhine Province, to Josef Globke and his wife Sophie (née Erberich), both Roman Catholics and Centre Party-supporters. Shortly after Hans Globke's birth the family moved to Aachen, where his father opened a draper's shop. When he finished high school at the Catholic Kaiser-Karl-Gymnasium in 1916, he was drafted into the army until 1918. After World War I, he studied Law and Political Sciences at the universities of Bonn and Cologne, graduating in 1922 from the University of Gießen with a dissertation on the immunity of the members of the Reichs- and Landtags.

During his studies – having joined while being enlisted in the army – he was a member of Katholische Deutsche Studentenverbindung Bavaria Bonn, which was the local chapter of the Cartellverband. The close contacts with fellow KdStV-members together with his membership since 1922 in the Catholic Centre Party played a significant role in his later political life. In 1934, he married Augusta Vaillant, the sister of a fellow fraternity member.

Pre-World War II service and Nazi activity

Having finished his Assessorexamen in 1924, he was briefly active as a judge in the police court of Aachen, after which he climbed to vice police-chief of Aachen in 1925 and Regierungsassessor in 1926. In December 1929, Globke entered the Higher Civil Service at the Prussian Ministry of the Interior.

In November 1932, about two months before right-wing parties made Hitler chancellor, Globke wrote a set of rules to make it harder in Prussia for Germans of Jewish ancestry to change their last names into less recognizably Jewish names, albeit no similar limitations existed for other Germans; and he followed up with the guidelines for implementation in December 1932.

He helped to formulate the Enabling Act of 1933, the law that effectively gave Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers. He was also the author of the law of 10 July 1933 concerning the dissolution of the Prussian State Council, and of further legislation which 'co-ordinated' all Prussian parliamentary bodies.[1]

He co-authored the official legal commentary on the new Reich Citizenship Law, one of the Nuremberg Laws introduced at the Nazi Party Congress in September 1935, which revoked the citizenship of German Jews[1][2] and co-authored various legal regulations, such as an ordinance that required Jews with non-Jewish names to take on the additional first names of Israel or Sara, an "improvement" of public records that later facilitated to a great extent the rounding up and deportation of the Jews during the Holocaust.[3] He also served as chief legal advisor in the Office for Jewish Affairs in the Ministry of Interior, the section headed by Adolf Eichmann that implemented the Holocaust bureaucratically.[4]

In 1938, Globke was appointed Ministerialrat (Deputy Director) due to his "extraordinary efforts in drafting the law for the Protection of the German Blood". On 25 April 1938 Globke was praised by the Reich Interior Minister Dr. Wilhelm Frick as "the most capable and efficient official in my ministry" when it came to drafting anti-Semitic laws.[5]

His membership application for the Nazi Party was rejected on 24 October 1940 by Martin Bormann, reportedly due to his former membership in the Centre Party, which represented Roman Catholic voters in Weimar Germany.[6]

Globke maintained contacts with figures in the German anti-Nazi resistance, notably Bishop Konrad von Preysing, and according to postwar testimony by Jakob Kaiser had been slated for a ministerial position in a government led by Carl Goerdeler in the event that the 20 July plot to assassinate Hitler had succeeded.

Post-World War II public service and controversy

Globke's trial in absentia taking place in East Germany, July 1963

At the Nuremberg trials, he appeared at the Ministries Trial as a witness for both the prosecution and the defense. Notably, when interrogated in the trial of his former superior Wilhelm Stuckart, he said explicitly: "Ich wußte, daß die Juden massenweise umgebracht warden." ("I knew, that the Jews were being put to death en masse.")

He was Director of the Federal Chancellory of West Germany between 1953 and 1963 and as such was one of the closest aides to Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. As Adenauer – and everyone else – knew of his previous career, the Chancellor could be assured of his absolute loyalty. Adenauer himself reportedly said: "Man schüttet kein schmutziges Wasser weg, solange man kein sauberes hat" ("One does not throw out dirty water so long as one doesn't have any clean water.")

Globke's key position as a national security advisor to Adenauer despite his known involvement with the Nuremberg Laws made both the West German government and CIA officials wary of exposing his past. This led for instance to the withholding of Adolf Eichmann's alias from the Israeli government and Nazi hunters in the late 1950s, and CIA pressure in 1960 on Life magazine to delete references to Globke from its recently obtained Eichmann memoirs.[7][8][9]

In 1963 Globke's past became an embarrassment for the Adenauer government, as he was given a life sentence in absentia at a show trial in East Germany with the obvious intention of painting the anti-Communist, West German government as "old Nazi wine in new flasks". Gertruda Sekaninová-Čakrtová, a Czech-Jewish lawyer and politician, testified at that trial.[10]

Honours and awards

Works

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,754133-2,00.html
  4. ^ http://www.spiritone.com/~gdy52150/betrayalp12.htm
  5. ^ Tetens, T.H. The New Germany and the Old Nazis, New York: Random House, 1961 page 39.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^

Bibliography

  • Teitelbaum, Raul. Hans Globke and the Eichmann Trial: A Memoir, Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, Vol. V, No. 2 (2011)
  • Tetens, T.H. The New Germany and the Old Nazis. Random House/Marzani & Munsel, New York, 1961. LCN 61-7240.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.