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Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge

Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
A juvenile White Ibis in the Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge
Map of the United States
Location United States
Nearest city Riceboro, Georgia
Area 2,762 acres (11.18 km2)
Established 1962
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1962 . It consists of 2,762 acres (11.18 km2) of Savannah, Georgia.


  • Early History 1
  • Army Air Field 2
  • Wildlife Refuge established 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early History

Harris Neck is a coastal

  • Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge website

External links

  1. ^ a b c Dewan, Shaila. Black Landowners Fight to Reclaim Georgia Home. The New York Times. June 30, 2010.
  2. ^ "Harris Neck Land Trust". Retrieved July 1, 2010. 


Chosen for its accessibility and bird diversity, Harris Neck is one of 18 sites forming the Colonial Coast Birding Trail, inaugurated in 2000.

The public access to the refuge consists of over 15 miles (24 km) of paved roads and trails provide the visitor easy access to the many different habitats.

HNNWR is located in egrets and herons nest in the swamps, while in the winter, large concentrations of ducks (especially mallards, gadwall, and teal) gather in the marshland and freshwater pools. Harris Neck NWR is also an important nesting area for the endangered Wood Stork.

The Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge (HNNWR) was established in 1962 by transfer of federal lands and the World War II Army airfield formerly managed by the Federal Aviation Administration. The refuge consists of 2,762 acres (11.18 km2) of saltwater marsh, grassland, mixed deciduous woods, and cropland.

US Geological Survey aerial photo in 2006

Wildlife Refuge established

Former residents of the displaced community and their descendants are attempting to work out a compromise with the federal government to allow them to return to their land, without significantly disrupting the wildlife refuge.[1][2]

Today, there is very little left to show that the area was once an airfield. Other than the overgrown runways, taxiways, revetments, munitions bunkers and the bore sighting range, the only structure that still exists on the former military airfield is a water fountain which must have belonged to Livingston House. The area is very overgrown, access is limited by 'keep out' signs.

In mid-1942, the Army Air Force decided to build a base at Harris Neck. The land was expropriated and families were given two weeks to remove themselves. At the time of transfer, black families (who owned 1,102 acres) were given $26.90 per acre and the white families (who owned 1,532 acres) were given $37.31 per acre. This included the 225-acre (0.91 km2) Livingston estate which included the Lorillard mansion and a deep-water dock.[1] Construction was started on 15 July 1942 by the United States Army Air Forces First Air Force. The original plan provided for two runways. The Army's decision to add a third runway required the acquisition of additional land. A detachment of men from the 855th Guard Squadron, stationed at Hunter Army Air Field occupied the Harris Neck facility on 7 December 1942. It was activated on 28 January 1943 as an auxiliary of Dale Mabry Army Airfield in Tallahassee, Florida.

Army Air Field

The original Harris Neck airfield was built sometime between 1929-32. Named "Harris Neck Intermediate Field Site #8", it was an emergency airfield for commercial planes on the Richmond-Jacksonville air route. The field consisted of an irregularly-shaped 93-acre (380,000 m2) sod parcel, with two sod runways 2,600' east/west & 2,550' north/south in a criss-cross pattern. The field was said to be illuminated, but to offer no services. Harris Neck airfield closed to the public on 1 January 1942 when the Civil Air Patrol began anti-submarine flights. It was evidently abandoned later that same year, when a the new military airfield was built a half-mile north. There is no trace of its existence today.


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