World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Harry C. Wheeler

Article Id: WHEBN0016953071
Reproduction Date:

Title: Harry C. Wheeler  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Arizona Rangers, Thomas H. Rynning, Cananea strike, Tiburón Island Tragedy, Burton C. Mossman
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Harry C. Wheeler

Harry C. Wheeler
Born (1875-06-23)June 23, 1875
Jacksonville, Florida, United States
Died December 17, 1925(1925-12-17) (aged 50)
Bisbee, Arizona, United States
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Battles/wars

Spanish–American War

World War I

Other work Arizona Ranger, Sheriff

Harry Cornwall Wheeler (July 23, 1875 – December 17, 1925) was an Arizona lawman who was the third captain of the Arizona Rangers, as well as the sheriff of Cochise County.

Biography

Early life

Harry C. Wheeler as captain of the Arizona Rangers.

Harry Wheeler, the son of Colonel William B. Wheelsex of the United States Army, was born in Jacksonville, Florida. In 1897, Wheeler enlisted in the 1st Cavalry and fought in the Spanish–American War before being given a medical discharge at the rank of sergeant in 1902. A crack shot with a rifle or pistol, Wheeler joined the Arizona Rangers in 1903 and was promoted to sergeant four months later. In October 1904, Wheeler killed an outlaw at the Palace Saloon in Tucson and he was later involved in a shootout in Benson, where he killed a second man.[1][2] In 1907, Wheeler replaced Thomas H. Rynning as captain of the Arizona Rangers, and served as the agency's leader until its disbanding in 1909.[3]

Sheriff of Cochise County

In 1911, Wheeler was elected sheriff of Cochise County and was reelected in 1914 and 1916.

In June 1917, IWW Local 800, a union of miners in Bisbee, began a strike against the Phelps Dodge Corporation. Wheeler deputized 2,200 men from Bisbee and Douglas to act as a posse, and on July 12, they arrested 2,000 people in Bisbee. Nearly 1,300 of the strikers and their supporters were eventually deported in 23 cattle cars to Hermanas, New Mexico, in what became known as the Bisbee Deportation.

Sheriff Wheeler established guards at all entrances to Bisbee and Douglas. Any citizen seeking to exit or enter the town over the next several months had to have a "passport" issued by Wheeler. Any adult male in town who was not known to the sheriff's men was brought before a secret sheriff's kangaroo court. Hundreds of citizens were tried, and most of them deported and threatened with lynching if they returned. Even long-time citizens of Bisbee were deported by this "court".

A commission appointed by President Woodrow Wilson investigated labor disputes in Arizona and concluded in its final report, issued November 6, 1917, that "The deportation was wholly illegal and without authority in law, either State or Federal."

Later life

Wheeler resigned as sheriff of Cochise County in March 1918 to enlist in the army at the rank of captain. He was given an honorable discharge in December 1918, after being called back to Arizona for further court action based on the Bisbee Deportation.

On May 15, 1918, the U.S. Department of Justice ordered the arrest of 21 Phelps Dodge executives, Calumet and Arizona Co. executives, and several Bisbee and Cochise County elected leaders and law enforcement officers. The arrestees included Walter Douglas, and would have included Sheriff Wheeler if he had not been serving in France with the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. A pre-trial motion by the defense led a federal district court to release the 21 men on the grounds that no federal laws had been violated. The Justice Department appealed. But in United States v. Wheeler, 254 U.S. 281 (1920), Chief Justice Edward Douglass White ruled for an 8-to-1 majority that no federal law protected the freedom of movement. Protecting citizens' right to movement was a state function, White argued, and had to be enforced solely in state court.

Wheeler ran for Cochise County sheriff again in 1922 but was defeated in the Democratic primary. He settled in the Bisbee area, and died from pneumonia in December 1925.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.azrangers.org/newsletter210.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.territorialnewspapers.com/archives/2005/2005-12-14/page-01.pdf
  3. ^ O'Neal, Bill, The Arizona Rangers, Eakin Press, 1987, ISBN 0-89015-610-7
  4. ^ University of Arizona, The Bisbee Deportation of 1917, accessed April 15, 2008
Preceded by
Thomas H. Rynning
Captain of the Arizona Rangers
1907–1909
Arizona Rangers disbanded
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.