World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Harvard Shaker Village Historic District

Article Id: WHEBN0018446010
Reproduction Date:

Title: Harvard Shaker Village Historic District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shakers, Churches in Massachusetts, Shaker music, Issachar Bates, Folklore of the United States
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Harvard Shaker Village Historic District

Harvard Shaker Village Historic District
South Family Building
Harvard Shaker Village Historic District is located in Massachusetts
Harvard Shaker Village Historic District
Location Harvard, Massachusetts
Coordinates
Architect Johnson,Enfield Shaker Moses
Architectural style Greek Revival, Federal
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference #

89001871

[1]
Added to NRHP October 30, 1989

Harvard Shaker Village Historic District is a historic former Shaker community located roughly on Shaker Road, South Shaker Road, and Maple Lane in Harvard, Massachusetts. It was the oldest Shaker settlement in Massachusetts and the second oldest in the United States.

History

Harvard's Shaker community began with dissenters from the local state-funded church, who left the state church and founded "Square House" in 1769 and in 1781-1782 affiliated themselves with Mother Ann Lee, founder of the Shaker denomination, when she visited the community. The Harvard Shakers "split the community into four “families”, North, East, South and Church (where the elders and elderesses lived)--only the latter two remain today."[2]

By the early twentieth century membership had dwindled to a handful from a peak of 200 in the 1850s, so in 1917 the community closed and the buildings were sold. That year preservationist Clara Endicott Sears purchased the 1794 Shaker office building and moved to the nearby Fruitlands Museum, and it is currently the only Harvard Shaker building open to the public. It is the first Shaker museum ever established in the United States. The remaining Shaker buildings are now private residences and much of the surrounding land remains undeveloped through a conservation easement. The historic district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.[2]

Music was an important part of Shaker life at Harvard. In the 1780s, several songs were attributed to their spiritual leaders, "Mother Ann's Song" and "Father James's Song." One of the best known early Shaker hymns, "The Humble Heart," came from Harvard, with words by Eunice Wyeth and music by Thomas Hammond.[3]

Images

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ a b http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/shaker/har.htm
  3. ^ http://www.americanmusicpreservation.com/shakerhistory.htm

External links

  • National Park Service, Places Where Women Made History
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.