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Harvey County, Kansas

 

Harvey County, Kansas

Harvey County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Harvey County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 7, 1872
Named for James M. Harvey
Seat Newton
Largest city Newton
Area
 • Total 541 sq mi (1,401 km2)
 • Land 540 sq mi (1,399 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2012) 34,852
 • Density 64/sq mi (25/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website HarveyCounty.com

Harvey County (county code HV) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 34,684.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Newton.[2]

Harvey County is part of the Wichita, KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early history 1.1
    • 19th century 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
    • Colleges 5.2
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Ghost town 6.3
    • Townships 6.4
  • See also 7
  • Further reading 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

1915 Railroad Map of Harvey County

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

In 1803, most of the land for Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

19th century

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.[3]

In 1872, Harvey County was founded, and named in honor of the fifth Governor of Kansas James M. Harvey.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 541 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 540 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5] The Little Arkansas River flows through the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[11] there were 32,869 people, 12,581 households, and 8,932 families residing in the county. The population density was 61 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 13,378 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.04% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.97% of the population.

There were 12,581 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,907, and the median income for a family was $48,793. Males had a median income of $35,037 versus $22,492 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,715. About 4.20% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 5.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[12]

Education

Unified school districts

District Office In Neighboring County
  • USD 206, Remington-Whitewater
    • Rural Areas
  • USD 398, Peabody-Burns
    • Rural Areas
  • USD 411, Goessel
    • Rural Areas
  • USD 423, Moundridge
    • Rural Areas

Colleges

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Harvey County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Townships

Harvey County is divided into fifteen townships. The cities of Halstead and Newton are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Alta 01500 221 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.48%
Burrton 09600 1,143 12 (32) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17%
Darlington 17025 601 7 (17) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.10%
Emma 21025 4,181 45 (116) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Garden 25300 294 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Halstead 29625 353 4 (10) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.07%
Highland 31875 415 5 (12) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.19%
Lake 37825 173 2 (5) 92 (36) 1 (0) 1.05%
Lakin 38150 357 4 (10) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.06%
Macon 43925 1,056 11 (30) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Newton 50500 1,950 28 (73) 69 (27) 0 (0) 0.07%
Pleasant 56250 439 5 (12) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.81%
Richland 59350 360 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.20%
Sedgwick 63825 1,711 18 (48) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0%
Walton 75225 552 6 (15) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.06%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

Further reading

Harvey County
  • Standard Atlas of Harvey County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 70 pages; 1918.
  • Plat Book of Harvey County, Kansas; North West Publishing Co; 34 pages; 1902.
  • Historical Atlas of Harvey County, Kansas; 33 pages; John P. Edwards; 1882.
Kansas
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - 54MB PDF), (Volume2 - 53MB PDF), (Volume3 - 33MB PDF)
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883/1976.
Newton
  • Bernhard Warkentin and the Kansas Mennonite Pioneers; David A. Haury; Mennonite Life; December 1974.

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  4. ^ History of the State of Kansas: Containing a Full Account of Its Growth from an Uninhabited Territory to a Wealthy and Important State. A. T. Andreas. 1883. p. 772. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

External links

County
  • Harvey County - Official Website
  • Harvey County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Harvey County - Economic Development Council Inc.
  • Harvey County - Information, Skyways
Historical
  • Harvey County Historical Society
  • Harvey County Genealogical Society
  • Kansas State Historical Society
Maps
  • Harvey County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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