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Harvey Locke

Harvey Locke
Born Gerald Timothy Harvey Locke
May 22, 1959
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Residence Banff, Alberta[1]
Nationality Canadian
Fields Wilderness protection, Biodiversity Conservation, National Parks, Large Landscape Conservation and Climate Change
Institutions Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative

Harvey Locke is a conservationist, writer, and photographer. He is a recognized global leader in the field of parks, wilderness and large landscape conservation. He is a founder of the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative,[2] with the goal to create a continuous corridor for wildlife from Yellowstone National Park in the United States to the Yukon in Northern Canada.[3] In 1999 Locke was named one of Canada's leaders for the 21st century by Time Magazine Canada.[4] Locke was the unsuccessful Liberal Party candidate in the 2012 Calgary Centre by-election. In 2013, he received the J.B. Harkin Medal for Conservation[5] and the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal[6] and in 2014 he was awarded the Fred M. Packard Award for outstanding service to protected areas by the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas at the World Parks Congress in Sydney, Australia [7]


Personal life

Harvey Locke (full name Gerald Timothy Harvey Locke) was born in 1959 to Ralphine Locke (née Harvey) and Dr. Gerald Lorne Locke, in Calgary, Alberta. His family counts among Southern Alberta's earliest European settlers and has been in the Bow Valley since the early 1870s. He grew up in southern Alberta where he attended Earl Grey Elementary School and Strathcona School for Boys in Calgary and in 1975 graduated from Strathcona-Tweedsmuir School, (Nil Nisi Optimum Notable Alumnus),[8] in Dewinton, Alberta.[9] In 1976, he spent a year in College Wildhorn, in Anzere, Switzerland. Back in Calgary, he first obtained a Bachelor of Arts in French and later a Bachelor of Laws in 1984 (with silver medal) from the University of Calgary. He was a lawyer and partner at MacKimmie Matthews law firm in downtown Calgary for 14 years and served as volunteer president of both Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) and the Alberta Liberal Party. In 1999, Harvey became a full-time conservationist dedicated to national parks, wilderness, large landscape and connectivity conservation and climate change. He is married to Marie-Eve Marchand and has two sons by a previous marriage.

Professional activities

Map of 4 Connectivity Conservation projects, with Yellowstone to Yukon at the bottom left.

Locke served as President or Vice President of the CPAWS for many years and he is now its senior advisor on conservation. He is a founder[10][11][12] and senior advisor for Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative, and was the Vice President for Conservation Strategy at the WILD Foundation in Boulder, Colorado from 2009 through 2011. Locke's writing and photography have been published in newspapers, magazines and peer reviewed journals in nine countries. He has lectured at many universities and spoken on national parks, wilderness and large landscape conservation at conferences around the world. He has testified on national parks legislation before Parliamentary committees, and led conservation campaigns. In 1999, Locke was named one of Time Magazine Canada's leaders for the 21st century.[4] In 2013, he received the J.B. Harkin Medal for Conservation[5] and the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.[6]

In October 2009, Locke was invited as the keynote speaker for the inaugural Thomas Foundation Oration[13] in conjunction with The Nature Conservancy and the Thomas Foundation Oration in Australia during that country's first Linking Landscape Summit[14] and spoke in Sydney, Canberra and Melbourne. In 2013, he was invited to Darwin and Sydney to speak about large landscape from Kimberly to Cape and Great Eastern Ranges.[15]

During the opening ceremony of the Ninth World Wilderness Congress (WILD9) in Mérida, Mexico on November 6, 2009, Harvey Locke addressed Mexican President Felipe Calderon on behalf of the delegates.[16] At WILD9, the first series of stamps on wilderness was initiated by the Mexican Postal Service and cancelled by the President Calderon to celebrate Tierras Sylvestres. The series celebrates five wilderness areas in Mexico, USA, Canada, Russia and South Africa and a picture taken by Harvey Locke of Canada's Nahanni National Park.[17] He gave the closing plenary at WILD 9 which launched the global Nature Needs Half movement.[18]

Locke has been invited to engage on parks and wilderness in Europe. He spoke at the Czech EC Presidency Conference on Wilderness in Prague, Czech Republic in 2009,[19] gave a keynote speech on Europe's National Parks in a global context for Europarc Federation in Abruzzo, Italy in October 2010,[20] spoke at the Belgian EC Presidency Conference on Wilderness Restoration in Brussels in November 2010,[21] and at the launch of the Rewilding Europe initiative in Brussels, November 2010. In 2013, he chaired the plenary session on Nature Needs Half and spoke at WILD 10 in Salamanca, Spain.

In 2013, Locke spoke in Ootacamund and in Mumbai, India about large landscape conservation and Nature Needs Half and wrote a feature story on those ideas for Sanctuary Asia.[22]

Locke is a frequent keynote speaker at major conservation conferences and universities throughout North America. In 2013, he was the distinguished visiting lecturer at the University of Montana and Montana State University Institute on Ecosystems.[23] He gave keynote speeches in Banff, Canada on International Leadership, Parks Canada's Contribution to the world at the official 125th anniversary celebration of Canada's National Park System on November 2010 and at the Sixteenth Annual Symposium of the Stegner Center, Wildlife Conservation in the 21st Century on Large Landscape Conservation in March 2011.[24]

Locke conceived and co-curated the 2011 art show, Yellowstone to Yukon: the Journey of Wildlife and Art, a collaboration of the National Museum of Wildlife Art, Jackson, WY, the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies, Banff, Canada, artist Dwayne Harty, and the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative [25][26][27][28]

He is a past board member of the Nature Conservancy of Montana, as well as past president and director emeritus of the Wildlands Project (now the Wildlands Network). He also served as program advisor to Tides Canada Foundation and to the Canadian Boreal Initiative. He was also senior program officer for the environment at the Henry P. Kendall Foundation in Boston, Massachusetts. He serves on the World Commission on Protected Areas; and served on the executive committees of the Eighth World Wilderness Congress and Ninth World Wilderness Congress (WILD9); a board member of the Freedom to Roam initiative; and trustee of the Eleanor Luxton Historical Foundation in Banff.

Photography and media

Tunnel Mountain, Banff, from the north. Photo by Harvey Locke.

Harvey Locke's photography has been published in numerous books, magazines, websites and newspapers including New York Times, Wildlife Conservation, Canadian Geographic,[29] Backpacker, Globe and Mail, Vancouver Sun,[30] Agence France Press, AeroMexico in flight magazine Escala,[31] and Sanctuary Asia[22]

Harvey Locke has done interviews with all varieties of media including Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, National Public Radio, Nippon Television, National Geographic,[32] Nature of Things, La Presse,[33] Globe and Mail, National Post, Geo Plein Air,[34] Backpacker Magazine[35] and several documentary films, including a 10-minute feature on CBC National News, September 2008[36] and on Découverte à Radio-Canada,[37] and Star Alliance and National Geographic partnership (Biosphere Connections),[38] and Der Spiegel TV ZDF in Germany[39]

His photographs are used extensively by conservation groups around the world and were shown at the American Museum of Natural History for the Yellowstone to Yukon exhibit in 2006. They were also featured in the iPad portion of the 2011 exhibit: Yellowstone to Yukon: the Journey of Wildlife and Art at the National Museum of Wildlife Art and a companion photo exhibit the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies.


Locke was the Liberal candidate in the provincial district of Calgary-Foothills in the 1989 Alberta provincial election, narrowly losing to Progressive Conservative Pat Black.[40] He went on to serve as President of the Alberta Liberal Party from 1995 to 1997, and chaired the party's 1997 election campaign.[41] In the Summer of 2012 Locke announced he would seek the Liberal Party of Canada nomination in the riding of Calgary Centre, which had been left vacant after the resignation of Conservative Lee Richardson. On September 22, 2012, he won 213 of 342 ballots cast in the party's nomination contest, defeating three other candidates.[42]

Electoral record

Sample of published articles and book contributions

  • Locke H. "Nature Needs Half: a Necessary and Hopeful Agenda for Parks and Protected Areas in Vol. 58, no. 3, Spring 2014 in Nature New South Wales, Journal of the National Parks Association of NSW, Newtown, Australia
  • Locke H. "The Two Albertas", April 2014, in "The Literary Review of Canada", Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Locke H. "Green Postmodernism and the Attempted Hijacking of Conservation", 2014, p. 146-62 in "Keeping the Wild", G. Wuerthner, E. Crist and T. Butler eds. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA
  • Locke H. "Why Nature Needs Half: a Necessary and Hopeful Agenda for Parks and Protected Areas" 2013, in PARKS: The International Journal for Parks and Protected Areas vol. 19, no. 2. parks p. 9-18, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
  • Locke H. "Nature Answers Man", September–October 2013,p. 36-42, in "Policy Options", Institute for Research on Public Policy, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • Locke H. "Foreword” in Linking Australia’s Landscapes; Lessons and Opportunities from Large-scale Conservation Networks, J. Fitzsimons, I. Pulsford and G. Wescott eds., in 2013, CSIRO, Collinwood, Victoria, Australia
  • Locke H. and McKinney M. Water Without Borders? Canada, the US and Shared Waters"Flathead Valley Flashpoint", 2013, p. 193-220, in , E. Norman, A. Cohen, K. Bakker eds. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada
  • Locke H. and Francis W. "Strategic Acquisition and Management of Small Parcels of Private Land in Key Areas to Address Habitat Fragmentation at the Scale of the Yellowstone to Yukon Region" vol 30, no 4, December 2012, p. 293-295, in Ecological Restoration, University of Wisconsin, USA
  • Noss, R.F., A. Dobson, R. Baldwin, P. Beier, D. DellaSala, J. Francis, H. Locke, K. Nowak, R.R. Lopez, C. Reining, S. Trombulak, and G. Tabor, "Bolder thinking for conservation", Vol 26, 2012, p. 1-4, in Conservation Biology.
  • Locke H. "Conservation Through Connections" in Practicing Sustainability, edited by G. Madhavan et al., Springer, 2012.
  • Locke H. "Transboundary cooperation to achieve wilderness protection and large landscape conservation" Winter 2011–2012, volume 28, number 3, in Park Sciences, Integrating Research and Resource Management in the National Parks, National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior and Natural Resource Stewardship and Science Office of Education and Outreach, USA
  • Locke H. "Yellowstone to Yukon: the Journey of Wildlife and Art” 2011–2012 edition, in Call of the Wild, National Museum of Wildlife Art, WY, USA
  • Locke H. “La moitié pour la nature” Printemps 2011 Volume 31 Numéro 2, in in Vivo abq, Le bulletin de l'association des biologistes du Québec, Montréal, Canada
  • Locke H.“Civil Society and Protected Areas: Lessons from Canada’s Experience” 2009 in George Wright Forum, vol. 26, number 2, pp 101–128, Hancock, Michigan, USA
  • Locke H. and Mackey B. “The Nature of Climate Change: Reunite International Climate Change Mitigation Efforts with Biodiversity Conservation and Wilderness Protection” 2009 in International Journal of Wilderness, Vol. 15, number 2, WILD Foundation, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • Locke H. “Canada Increases Wilderness Protection and Policy Goals” 2009 in International Journal of Wilderness, Vol. 15, number 1, WILD Foundation, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • Kormos C. and Locke H. "Introduction to the Wilderness Concept" 2008 in A Handbook on International Wilderness Law and Policy Kormos C. ed., Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, CO, USA
  • Locke H. "The Need and Opportunity and Opportunity for Landscape Scale Conservation in the Yellowstone to Yukon Region: A Vision for the 21st Century” 2006, in Greater Yellowstone Public Lands: A Century of Discovery, Hard Lessons, and Bright Prospects, Proceedings of the 8th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, A. Wondrak Biel ed., Yellowstone Centre for Resources, Yellowstone National Park, WY, USA
  • Locke H. “The Spiritual Dimension of Moving to the Mountains” 2006, in The Amenity Migrants L.A.G. Moss ed., CABI, Oxfordshire, UK
  • Locke H. and Tabor G. "Y2Y Today: Where we are and where we go from Here" 2005 in Yellowstone to Yukon:Freedom to Roam : a Photographic Journey by Florian Schulz, Mountaineers Books, Seattle, USA
  • Locke H. and Dearden P. “Rethinking Protected Area Categories and the New Paradigm”, Environmental Conservation 32 (1), 2005, Foundation for Environmental Conservation, Cambridge University Press, UK
  • Konstant W., Locke H. and Hanna J. "Waterton- Glacier International Peace Park: The First of its Kind” 2005 in Transboundary Conservation: A New Vision for Protected Areas in R. A. Mittermeir et al. eds., Cemex-Agrupacion Sierra Madre-Conservation International, Mexico
  • Locke H. "Banff National Park: Lessons Learnt form Tourism in the World’s Third Oldest National Park” The Game Ranger, No. 1, 2005 Game Rangers Association of Africa, South Africa
  • Locke H. "Nahanni-Boreal Headwaters of the World" 2004 in Rendezvous in the Wild, The Boreal Forest by Raffan J., The Boston Mills Press, Erin, Ontario, Canada
  • Tabor G. and Locke H. "Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative" 2004, in Managing Mountain Protected Areas: Challenges and Responses for the 21st Century, D. Harmon and G. Worboys eds. Andromeda Editrice, Colledara, Italy
  • Locke H. "Foreword", Parks and Protected Areas Management in Canada 2ed. 2002 P. Dearden and R, Rollins eds., Oxford University Press, Toronto, Canada
  • Locke H. "Keep Faith with Nature' 2000, in Crossroads R. Davies et al. eds, Gage, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Locke H. "Spirituality and Wilderness" in Wild Earth, Spring, 1999, Richmond, Vermont, USA
  • Locke H. "Banff National Park and the Yellowstone to Yukon Corridor" 1998 in National Parks and their Contribution to Sustainable Development, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany
  • Locke H. and Elgie S. "Using the Law to Protect Wild Places" 1996, in Protecting Canada's Endangered Spaces M. Hummel ed., Key Porter, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Keiter R. and Locke H. "Law and Large Carnivore Conservation in the Rocky Mountains of the United States and Canada" in Conservation Biology, vol. 10, no. 4, August 1996, Blackwell Scientific, Malden, MA, USA
  • Locke H. "The Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative" in Wildlife Conservation May 1996, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY, USA
  • Locke H. "Preserving the wild heart of North America: The Wildlands Project and the Yellowstone to Yukon Biodiversity Strategy" 1994 in Borealis issue 15, Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

See also


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External links

  • Yellowstone to Yukon 20 years of Progress
  • Rewilding Europe (Rewilding Europe)
  • WILD9 (World Wilderness Congress, 2009)
  • IUCN-World Commission on Protected areas (WPCA), Mountains Biome, Mountain Protected Areas Network: Connectivity Conservation Work
  • IUCN-WPCA Global Transboundary Protected Areas Network, Find different case studies
  • Harvey Locke Liberal Candidate in Calgary Centre
  • For further interest, here is some examples of Connectivity Conservation projects that are happening around the world:
  • Nepal and India: The Terai Arc project
  • Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan: Hindu Kush-Himalayas Conservation
  • Australia: Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
  • Mexico and Central America: MesoAmerica Biological Corridor in Spanish only
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