World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

HathiTrust

HathiTrust
Type Digital library
Established 2008
Website http://www.hathitrust.org

HathiTrust is a large-scale collaborative repository of digital content from research libraries including content digitized via the Google Books project and Internet Archive digitization initiatives, as well as content digitized locally by libraries.

HathiTrust was founded in October 2008 by the thirteen universities of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation and the University of California. The partnership includes over 60 research libraries[1] across the United States, Canada, and Europe, and is based on a shared governance structure. Costs are shared by the participating libraries and library consortia. The repository is administered by Indiana University and the University of Michigan. The Executive Director of HathiTrust is Mike Furlough.

As of October 2015, HathiTrust comprises over 13.7 million volumes, over 5.3 million of which are public domain (at least in the US). HathiTrust provides a number of discovery and access services, notably, full-text search across the entire repository.

In September 2011, the Authors Guild sued HathiTrust (Authors Guild v. HathiTrust), alleging massive copyright violation.[2] A federal court ruled against the Authors Guild in October 2012, finding that HathiTrust's use of books scanned by Google was fair use under US law.[3] The rationale used the "transformative" doctrine of fair use law, holding that what the Trust had done to give access transformed the copyrighted works and didn't violate the copyright owners' rights. That decision was largely affirmed by the Second Circuit on June 10, 2014, which found that both search and accessibility were fair use, and remanded to the lower court to reconsider whether the plaintiffs had standing to sue regarding HathiTrust's library preservation copies.[4]

Hathi, pronounced "hah-tee", is the Hindi and Urdu word for elephant, an animal famed for its long-term memory.[5]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Authors Guild v. HathiTrust, (2d Cir. June 10, 2014).
  5. ^ "Launch of HathiTrust: Major Library Partners Launch HathiTrust Shared Digital Repository, HathiTrust Press Release, Oct. 13, 2008.

Further reading

  • Matthew Miller, Gilok Choi, and Lindsay Chell. "Comparison of three digital library interfaces: open library, Google books, and Hathi Trust." In Proceedings of the 12th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, pp. 367–368. ACM, 2012.
  • Diane Parr Walker. "HathiTrust: Transforming the Library Landscape." Indiana Libraries 31, no. 1 (2012): 58–64.

External links

  • Official website
  • Authors Guild statement regarding their lawsuit against Hathitrust
  • HathiTrust adds new members, goes global (official press release from 13 November 2010)
  • Major Library Partners Launch HathiTrust Shared Digital Repository (official press release from 13 October 2008)
  • HathiTrust at Indiana University
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.