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Hebburn

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Hebburn

Hebburn
Hebburn is located in Tyne and Wear
Hebburn
Hebburn
 Hebburn shown within Tyne and Wear
Population 18,808 (2001)
OS grid reference
Metropolitan borough South Tyneside
Metropolitan county Tyne and Wear
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HEBBURN
Postcode district NE31
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Jarrow
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear

Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England, sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Bill Quay. The population of Hebburn is 18,808.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Transport 2
  • Notable citizens 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5
  • External links 6

History

It is thought that the name Hebburn may be derived from the Old English terms, heah meaning "high", and byrgen meaning a "burial mound", though it could also mean the high place beside the water. The first record of Hebburn mentions a settlement of fishermen's huts in the 8th century, which were burned by the Vikings.

Local legend claims that, until recently, a preserved longship lay embedded on the south bank of the Tyne at Hebburn. The object, visible at low tide, was however the remains of an old wooden "coal lighter". A genuine longship would likely have been salvaged by a historical society, or have had a protection order placed upon it.

In the 14th century the landscape was dominated by a peel tower. A 4'6" (140 cm) tall wall, a portion of which still remains at St. John's Church, could also be seen. The Lordship of the Manor of Hebburn passed through the hands of a number of families during the Middle Ages, including the Hodgsons of Hebburn (James 1974, Hodgson).

Coal was mined at Hebburn as early as the 17th century. Hebburn Colliery opened in 1792 and eventually operated 3 pits. It closed in 1932. 200 miners were killed during the life of the colliery. The youngest were 10 years old.[2]

Hebburn also has a proud shipbuilding history with many Royal Navy battle ships being built at A. Leslie and Company. The most famous ship built at the ship yard was HMS Kelly, launched in 1938 and commanded by Lord Louis Mountbatten. One hundred and thirty men were killed when it was sunk and they are remembered in memorials at Hebburn Cemetery, which were erected by surviving members of the crew and workers from Hawthorn Leslie.

The former British Short-Circuit Testing Station in Victoria Road West within the town, owned by A. Reyrolle & Company provided the back drop for the Gary Numan video "Metal"

Hebburn Town F.C. which formed in 1912[3] and Hebburn Reyrolle F.C. are the town's local non-league football teams. Hebburn Argyle, which existed in the early 1900s, is now defunct.

Athletics is also catered for at Monkton Stadium, home of Jarrow and Hebburn AC, where Brendan Foster, Steve Cram and David Sharpe are famous past runners.

The Parachute Regiment 4th Para Reserves have a detachment based in Hebburn.

The Air Cadets have a unit located at Hebburn TA Centre.[4]

Hebburn has an ecology centre powered by wind turbines.

It is the location of a shipyard, operated by A&P Group.

In 2012, BBC commissioned a brand new television series Hebburn set in the town. It was created and co-written by Jason Cook, who was raised in the town.[5] The first episode was broadcast on 18 October 2012.[6][7]

Hebburn has two secondary schools St Joseph's Catholic Academy (formerly St Joseph's Comprehensive School) and Hebburn Comprehensive school.[8]

Transport

It has a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro called Hebburn Metro station.

Notable citizens

References

  1. ^ Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident PopulationOffice for National Statistics : DMM - Hebburn Colliery
  2. ^ http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/h045.htm Durham Mining Museum: Hebburn Colliery
  3. ^ http://www.hebburntownfc.co.uk/club-info/history/
  4. ^ Welcome to 1027 (Jarrow) Squadron
  5. ^ Dipper, Andrew (2 September 2012). "Interview: Hebburn creator Jason Cook". Giggle Beats. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Lawson, Ruth. "Jason Cook's pilot show 'Hebburn' commissioned". The Chronicle. 
  7. ^ "Hebburn". BBC. 
  8. ^ http://www.hebburn.net/
  9. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,3604,391370,00.html George "Geordie" Armstrong
  10. ^ "'"FOOTBALL MOURNS DEATH OF 'GEORDIE, The South Shields Gazette (South Shields), 2000-11-02, retrieved 2010-06-24 

Bibliography

James, Mervyn (1974) Family, Lineage, and Civil Society: A Study of Society, Politics, and Mentality in the Durham Region, 1500-1640 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

External links

  • South Tyneside Council & Community website - Local council website
  • Hebburn Colliery - Information about Hebburn Colliery
  • Hebburn.org - Site detailing history of the town
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