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Heythrop

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Heythrop

Heythrop
Heythrop is located in Oxfordshire
Heythrop
Heythrop
 Heythrop shown within Oxfordshire
Population 93 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference
Civil parish Heythrop
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chipping Norton
Postcode district OX7
Dialling code 01608
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Heythrop is a village and civil parish just over 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire. The parish includes the hamlet of Dunthrop.

Heythrop had a Norman parish church of Saint Nicholas, but the nave has been demolished and only the chancel has been preserved as a mortuary chapel.[2] The chapel's west doorway was the south doorway of the former nave.[2]

In 1657 an attempt to merge the Benefices of Enstone and Heythrop was abandoned in the face of local opposition.[3] In 1923 the incumbent of Heythrop ceased to live in the parish and in 1964 it and Enstone were finally merged.[3] In 2001 the Benefice of Enstone and Heythrop merged with that of Ascott-under-Wychwood, Chadlington, and Spelsbury to form the Chase Benefice.[4]

Heythrop House in Heythrop Park was built from 1706 onwards by the architect Thomas Archer for Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury.[5] It was gutted by fire in 1831 and restored by the architect Alfred Waterhouse in 1871 for Albert Brassey.[5] It was a Jesuit college from 1922 until 1969[6] and a training college for the National Westminster Bank from 1969 until 1999.

Brassey rebuilt Heythrop as a model village in the 1870s and 1880s.[7] He encouraged the growth of the church congregation such that it outgrew its Norman building.[3] In 1880 he had a new Church of England parish church of St. Nicholas built by the Gothic Revival architect Sir Arthur Blomfield.[2] The south doorway incorporates 13th century mouldings from the demolished nave of the old church.[2] Albert Brassey had the rectory built at about the same time.[3] It remained in the Brasseys' ownership, and when the incumbent ceased to reside in the parish in 1923 it was renamed the Dower House and let as a private house.[3]

References

  1. ^ "Area selected: West Oxfordshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View.  
  2. ^ a b c d Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 646
  3. ^ a b c d e Crossley, 1983, pages 131-143
  4. ^ A Church Near You: Heythrop: St Nicholas, Heythrop
  5. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 647
  6. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 649
  7. ^ Rowley, 1978, page 137

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