World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hill of Uisneach

Article Id: WHEBN0004958469
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hill of Uisneach  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Irish mythology, Hill of Tara, Conry (civil parish), Newgrange cursus, County Westmeath
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hill of Uisneach

Hill of Uisneach
Irish: Uisneach / Cnoc Uisnigh
A map of Ireland
Shown within island of Ireland
Alternate name Ushnagh (anglicisation)
Location County Westmeath, Ireland
Type Ancient ceremonial site
Height 182 metres (597 ft)
Periods Iron AgeMiddle Ages
Cultures Gaelic
Site notes
Public access Yes

The Hill of Uisneach or Ushnagh (Irish: Uisneach or Cnoc Uisnigh)[1] is an ancient ceremonial site in the barony of Rathconrath in County Westmeath, Ireland (National Monument Number 155).[2] In Irish mythology it is the centre of Ireland and is associated with the festival of Bealtaine. The hill is 182 metres (597 ft) tall[3] and lies on the north side of the R390 road, 8 km east of the village of Ballymore and beside the village of Loughanavally. The Hill of Uisneach occupies parts of four adjacent townlands: Ushnagh Hill, Mweelra, Rathnew, and Kellybrook.[3]

The site consists of a set of monuments and earthworks spread over two square kilometres. Around and upon the hill are the remains of circular enclosures, barrows, cairns, a holy well and two ancient roads. On the southwest side of the hill is a large, oddly-shaped limestone rock inside a circular enclosure. It is almost 6 metres (20 ft) tall and thought to weigh over 30 tons. In Irish it is called the Ail na Míreann ("stone of the divisions"), as it is said to have been where the borders of the provinces met. It is nicknamed the Cat Stone, allegedly because it resembles the shape of a sitting cat. The biggest enclosure was excavated in the 1920s by R.A.S. Macalister and R. Praeger and showed evidence of occupation from pre-history up to the early Middle Ages.

Based on co-ordinates alone, some believe that it may be the site named as Raiba or Riba by Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy), the Egyptian-Greek astronomer and cartographer, writing in his Geographia around the year 140 AD.

The actual geographical centre of Ireland is near the western shore of Lough Ree, further to the west.[4]

In Irish mythology

In Irish mythology, the Ail na Míreann or "stone of divisions" was deemed to be the omphalos or mystical navel of Ireland and to have marked the meeting point of the borders of Leinster, Munster, Connacht, Ulster and Meath. Tradition tells that Bealtaine fires were lit and Druidical ceremonies held on the hill. In the Lebor Gabála Érenn (Book of the Takings of Ireland), the Nemedian Druid Mide lit the first Bealtaine fire there. This fire could allegedly be seen from the Hill of Tara and, when those at Tara saw it, they lit their fire.

There is reference to the name in the story of "Deirdre of the Sorrows", one of the best known stories of pre-Christian Ireland. Deirdre was born with a prediction that her beauty would be so great that Kings would wage wars to fight for her. Conchobar mac Nessa, King of Ulster, kept her hidden away from birth for himself in the future. When older she falls in love with Naoise, a handsome young warrior, hunter and singer at Conchobar's court. They escape to Scotland accompanied by his fiercely loyal brothers Ardan and Ainnle, the sons of Uisneach.

According to a popular passage from the same record, Ériu, a tutelary goddess sometimes seen as the personification of Ireland, meets the invading Milesians at Uisneach where, after some conversation and drama, the Milesian poet Amergin promises to give the country her name. Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae ("History of the Kings of Britain") claims a common belief that the stones of Stonehenge were brought to Britain from Uisneach.

See also


  1. ^ Irish Placenames Database Retrieved 2010-08-05.
  2. ^ National Monuments in State care, National Monuments Service, Retrieved 2010-08-05.
  3. ^ a b Ordnance Survey map. Select Wind Report option for contour map. Select Historic 6" option for townland boundaries. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
  4. ^ Frequently Asked Questions Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved: 2011-06-25.

Further reading

  • Jestice, Phyllis G. (2000). Encyclopedia of Irish Spirituality. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, Inc.  
  • MacKillop, James (1998). Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. New York, New York: Oxford University Press.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.