World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0025341948
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hiyoshi-zukuri  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of National Treasures of Japan (shrines), Shinto architecture, Heiden (Shinto), Hirairi, Haiden (Shinto)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Hiyoshi Taisha's Higashi Hon-gū
Hiyoshi-zukuri or hie-zukuri (日吉造), also called shōtei-zukuri / shōtai-zukuri (聖帝造) or sannō-zukuri (山王造) is a rare Shinto shrine architectural style presently found in only three instances, all at Hiyoshi Taisha in Ōtsu, Shiga, hence the name. They are the East and West Honden Hon-gū (本殿本宮) and the Sessha Usa Jingū Honden (摂社宇佐神宮本殿).

It is characterized by a hip-and gable roof with verandas called hisashi on the sides.[1] It has a hirairi structure, that is, the building has its main entrance on the side which runs parallel to the roof's ridge (non gabled-side).

The building is composed of a 3x2 ken[2] core called moya surrounded on three sides by a 1-ken wide hisashi, totaling 5x3 ken (see photo).[3] The three-sided hisashi is unique and typical of this style. The gabled roof extends in small porticos on the front and the two gabled sides.[4][1]The roof on the back has a characteristic shape (see photo below).

The typical shape of the back of a Hiyoshi-zukuri roof


  1. ^ a b Iwanami Kōjien Japanese dictionary, 6th Edition (2008), DVD version
  2. ^ The ken is the distance between one supporting pillar and another, a quantity which can vary from shrine to shrine and even within the same building.
  3. ^ JAANUS, Hie-zukuri
  4. ^ History and Typology of Shrine Architecture, Encyclopedia of Shinto accessed on November 2009
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.