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Homewood South (Pittsburgh)

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Homewood South (Pittsburgh)

Homewood North
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
Baxter High School

Coordinates: 40°27′36″N 79°54′00″W / 40.460°N 79.900°W / 40.460; -79.900

Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.434 sq mi (1.12 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 3,280
 • Density 7,600/sq mi (2,900/km2)
Homewood South
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh

East End Brewing Company

Coordinates: 40°27′18″N 79°54′00″W / 40.455°N 79.900°W / 40.455; -79.900

Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.398 sq mi (1.03 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 2,344
 • Density 5,900/sq mi (2,300/km2)
Homewood West
Neighborhood of Pittsburgh
Westinghouse High School

Coordinates: 40°27′36″N 79°54′18″W / 40.460°N 79.905°W / 40.460; -79.905

Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny County
City Pittsburgh
Area[1]
 • Total 0.199 sq mi (0.52 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 818
 • Density 4,100/sq mi (1,600/km2)
ZIP Code 15206, 15208

Homewood is a predominantly African American neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, officially divided into three neighborhoods: Homewood North, Homewood South and Homewood West.

Homewood is bordered on the southwest by the Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway which follows the old Pennsylvania Railroad line in toward downtown Pittsburgh.

Geography

Homewood is located at the easternmost part of Pittsburgh at 40.460°N 79.900°E.. Homewood is bordered on the east by East Hills, on the west by Larimer (Pittsburgh) and Shady Side, on the North by Lincoln-Lemington Belmar, and on the south by Point Breeze.[2]

History

Homewood was founded in 1832 by Judge William Wilkins (U.S. politician).[3] It was later annexed by the city of Pittsburgh on December 1, 1884.[3] Homewood in the beginning held mainly estates for the wealthy; Homewood was also the Pittsburgh residence of industrialists Andrew Carnegie and Thomas M. Carnegie until the late 1880s. Starting in the 1910’s, Irish, Italian, German, and upper middle class black families started moving into Homewood due to the low-cost of housing. This caused Homewood to become more diverse. At first relations between the white and black residents of Homewood were quite good, it was not until later that tensions between the different ethnic groups became more strained.

In the 1950’s the city claimed land in the Lower Hill District for the Civic Arena, and in the process, displaced 8,000 people. Most of them were less affluent blacks who then settled in rental apartments in Homewood, creating a large disparity in the number of blacks to whites in the region. This sudden influx of black residents caused a lot of the white middle class to move away from Homewood, creating a population shift from 22% black in 1950 to 66% black in 1960.[4] As a result of the area being predominantly African-American, it was greatly affected by the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.. His death brought about riots in Homewood. The rioters caused great damage to business which ended up severely crippling the business district there.

In the 1970s and early 1980s, Homewood’s identity and reputation were further degraded by the proliferation of gangs and crack cocaine. The Homewood-Brushton Revitalization and the Development Corporation put together a strong effort to rebuild the area, it accomplished this by building homes and helping to open new businesses.[4]

Demographics

The

Neighborhoods

Homewood is officially divided into three neighborhoods: Homewood North, Homewood South and Homewood West.

  • Homewood North is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA's east city area. It has zip codes of both 15221 and 15208, and has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by both the council members for District 9 (Northeast Neighborhoods).

Education

Homewood is located in the Pittsburgh Public Schools district. The area offers a mix of neighboorhood schools as well as specialized magnet schools. The public schools are Pittsburgh Lincoln School (K-8), Pittsburgh Faison School (Pre K-8), and Westinghouse High School (9-12).

Employment

Homewood generally has a lower income per capita than both the Pittsburgh average as well as the Pennsylvania average. This area also seems to have a lower median household income than the Pittsburgh and Pennsylvania average. Consequently, the unemployment rate tends to be higher in Homewood than in the surrounding areas of Pittsburgh.[6] However, of the individuals that are employed in Homewood the statistics show that the male population of this region earns more than the women population. There are approximately fifteen percent more employed women in Homewood than men, although men earn a higher salary per person.[7]

Points of Interest

Further reading

References

See also

External links

  • Pittsburgh portal
  • Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh Homewood
  • Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map
  • The Housing Authority of The City of Pittsburgh
  • Pittsburgh Post-Gazette My Homewood Blog
  • Homewood Nation, a community news website
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