Hua-Lien

Hualien
花蓮
County-controlled city
Hualien City · 花蓮市

Hualien Station
Nickname(s): Huashi (花市)

Hualien City
Hualien
Hualien
Location in Taiwan

Coordinates: 23°58′20″N 121°36′23″E / 23.97222°N 121.60639°E / 23.97222; 121.60639Coordinates: 23°58′20″N 121°36′23″E / 23.97222°N 121.60639°E / 23.97222; 121.60639

Country  Taiwan
Region Eastern Taiwan
Government
 • Type County-controlled city
 • Mayor Tien Chih-hsuan(田智宣)
Area
 • Total 29.41 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
Population (March 2012)
 • Total 108,658
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Post code 970
Website http://www.hualien.gov.tw

Hualien City (Chinese: 花蓮市; pinyin: Huāliánshì; Wade–Giles: Hua-lien shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hoa-liân-chhī) is the capital of Hualien County, Taiwan. It is located on the East coast of Taiwan, by the Pacific Ocean, and has a population of 110,000 inhabitants.

History

Hualien County annals (花蓮縣志) record that the city was known as Kilai (Chinese: 奇萊; pinyin: Jīlái; Wade–Giles: Chi-lai; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi; hiragana: きらい) until the early twentieth century. After Taiwan came under Japanese rule in 1895 its governors sought to change this, as Kilai (Kirai in Japanese Romaji) is pronounced the same as the Japanese word for "dislike" (嫌い). The name was eventually modified to Karen (花蓮; かれん). After World War II the incoming Kuomintang from the Republic of China retained the Kanji spelling for Karen (花蓮) and, via Chinese romanization, made Hualien the official city name. This name has been retained since Taiwan's transition to pluralistic democracy in the 1990s.

The Spaniards built mines for gold in Hualien in 1622. Permanent settlements began in 1851, when 2,200 Han Chinese farmers led by Huang A-fong (黃阿鳳) from Taipei arrived at Fengchuan (now the area near Hualien Rear Station). In 1875, more farmers, led by Lin Cang-an (林蒼安) from Yilan, settled at Fengchuan. Settlements in the area remained small by the time the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) made Taiwan a territory of Japan. The city was expanded circa 1912 by its Japanese governors to incorporate Guohua and Guoan Villages, a region later known as Old New Port (舊新港). Around 1923 it was extended to Aolang Port (鯉浪港), today known as New Port (新港), including the Guowei and Guoji Villages. In 1946 the incoming Kuomintang designated Hualien a county-controlled city, an administrative structure that has remained in place since Taiwan's transition to democracy (1990-1996).

Subdivisions

The 45 villages (里) of the city are divided into six village unions (聯合里): (in Hanyu Pinyin)

  1. The first union: Minyun (民運), Minle (民樂), Minxiang (民享), Minyi (民意), Minxin (民心), Minli (民立), Minle (民德), Minzheng (民政), Minqin (民勤), Minxiao (民孝)
  2. The second union: Minsheng (民生), Minquan (民權), Minzu (民族), Minyou (民有), Minzhu (民主), Minzhi (民治)
  3. The third union: Zhuji (主計), Zhuyi (主義), Zhuxin (主信), Zhuqin (主勤), Zhushang (主商), Zhugong (主工)
  4. The fourth union: Zhuxue (主學), Zhuquan (主權), Zhunong (主農), Zhuhe (主和), Zhuli (主力), Zhu'an (主安), Zhumu (主睦)
  5. The fifth union: Guofeng (國風), Guofang (國防), Guozhi (國治), Guoguang (國光), Guohun (國魂), Guo'an (國安), Guowei (國威), Guohua (國華), Guolian (國聯), Guosheng (國盛)
  6. The sixth union: Guofu (國富), Guoyu (國裕), Guoqing (國慶), Guoqiang (國強), Guofu (國福), Guoxing (國興)

The newest villages from 2002 are Guosheng, Guoxing, Minxiao, and Minzhu.

Transportation

Demographics

The major aboriginal tribes that reside in Hualien include the Ami, Atayal, and Bunun.[1]

Climate

The climate is warm, bordering on Koppen Cfa (humid subtropical) and Af (tropical rain forest). It is also not far from an Am (monsoon) climate.

Summer temperature: 25–32 °C (77–90 °F)
Winter temperature: 15–21 °C (59–70 °F)
Average annual temperature: 24 °C (75 °F)
Average Precipitation: approximately 2000 mm
Typhoon Season: June to September, sometimes in May and October.

Climate data for Hualien
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68.0)
20.6
(69.0)
22.2
(72.0)
25
(77.0)
27.2
(81.0)
29.4
(85.0)
30.6
(87.0)
30.6
(87.0)
29.4
(85.0)
27.2
(81.0)
23.9
(75.0)
21.1
(70.0)
25.6
(78.1)
Average low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.0)
16.1
(61.0)
17.8
(64.0)
20.6
(69.0)
22.8
(73.0)
24.4
(76.0)
25.6
(78.0)
25.6
(78.0)
24.4
(76.0)
22.8
(73.0)
19.4
(67.0)
16.7
(62.0)
20.98
(69.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 66
(2.60)
83.8
(3.30)
96.5
(3.80)
119.4
(4.70)
210.8
(8.30)
185.4
(7.30)
157.5
(6.20)
269.2
(10.60)
429.3
(16.90)
154.9
(6.10)
198.1
(7.80)
106.7
(4.20)
2,077.6
(81.8)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Education

There are 3 universities, 12 senior high schools, 4 junior high schools, 16 elementary schools, 37 churches and 31 temples.

  • National Dong Hwa University, Meilun campus (school site)
  • (school site)
  • Tzu Chi College of Technology (school site)

Medical care

  • Hualien Tzu Chi Medical Center (First Medical Center in Eastern Taiwan)
  • Mennonite Christian Hospital
  • Hualien Hospital, Department of Health, Execusive Yuan

Attractions

  • Chishingtan Coast Scenic Area
  • North Beach Park (Beibing Park)
  • South Beach Park and Night Market (Nanbing Park)
  • Tzu Chiang Night Market
  • Meilun Mountain Park
  • Hualien Fish Market
  • Pine Garden
  • Museum of Sculpture
  • Old Railroad Cultural Shopping Street
  • Rock Street
  • Tzu Chi Foundation
  • Hiking and River Tracing Trips around Hualien City

Gallery

Sister cities

Friendship Cities

See also

References

External links

Taiwan portal
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.