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Hualien City

Hualien
花蓮市
County-controlled city
Hualien City
Hualien City
Hualien City
Nickname(s): Huashi (花市)
Hualien City
Hualien City
Hualien is located in Taiwan
Hualien
Hualien
Location in Taiwan
Coordinates:
Country  Republic of China
County Hualien County
Government
 • Type County-controlled city
 • Mayor Tien Chih-hsuan (田智宣)
Area
 • Total 29.41 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 107,256
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Post code 970
Subdivision 45 Boroughs[1]
Website www.hualien.gov.tw

Hualien City (Chinese: 花蓮市; pinyin: Huāliánshì; Wade–Giles: Hua-lien shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hoa-liân-chhī), is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Hualien County, Taiwan. It is located on the east coast of Taiwan on the Pacific Ocean, and has a population of 107,256 inhabitants.[2]

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
    • Empire of Japan 2.1
    • Republic of China 2.2
  • Subdivisions 3
  • Government institutions 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Climate 6
  • Education 7
  • Industries 8
  • Medical care 9
  • Tourist attractions 10
  • Transportation 11
    • Air 11.1
    • Rail 11.2
    • Sea 11.3
    • Road 11.4
  • Notable natives 12
  • Gallery 13
  • Sister cities 14
  • See also 15
  • References 16
  • External links 17

Name

Hualien County annals (花蓮縣志) record that the city was called "Kiray" (Chinese: 奇萊; pinyin: Jīlái; Wade–Giles: Chi-lai; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi; hiragana: きらい) until the early twentieth century. This name refers to the Sakiraya Taiwanese aborigines and their settlement.[3]

After Taiwan came under Japanese rule in 1895 its governors sought to change the name because "Kiray" is pronounced the same as the Japanese word for "dislike" (嫌い). The name was eventually changed to Karenkō (花蓮港). After World War II the incoming Kuomintang-led Republic of China retained the Kanji spelling but shortened the name to just Karen (花蓮). Via Chinese romanization, Hualien is the official city name and has been retained since Taiwan's transition to pluralistic democracy in the 1990s.

History

The Spaniards built mines for gold in Hualien in 1622. Permanent settlements began in 1851, when 2,200 Han Chinese farmers led by Huang A-fong (黃阿鳳) from Taipei arrived at Fengchuan (now the area near Hualien Rear Station). In 1875, more farmers, led by Lin Cang-an (林蒼安) from Yilan, settled at Fengchuan.

Empire of Japan

Settlements in the area remained small by the time the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) made Taiwan a territory of Japan. The city was expanded circa 1912 by its Japanese governors to incorporate Guohua and Guoan Villages, a region later known as Old New Port (舊新港). In 1920, Karenkō Town (花蓮港街) was established, and around 1923 it was extended to Aolang Port (鯉浪港), today known as New Port (新港), including the Guowei and Guoji Villages. In 1940, the town was upgraded to Karenkō City, Karenkō Prefecture.

Republic of China

On 25 October 1945, Taiwan was handed over from Japan to the Republic of China under Kuomintang government. In January 1946, the incoming Kuomintang designated Hualien City (花蓮市) a county-controlled city of Hualien County and to be the county seat, an administrative structure that has remained in place since Taiwan's transition to democracy (1990-1996).

Subdivisions

Hualien City office

The 45 villages (里) of the city are divided into six village unions (聯合里): (in Hanyu Pinyin)

  1. The first union: Minyun (民運), Minle (民樂), Minxiang (民享), Minyi (民意), Minxin (民心), Minli (民立), Minle (民德), Minzheng (民政), Minqin (民勤), Minxiao (民孝)
  2. The second union: Minsheng (民生), Minquan (民權), Minzu (民族), Minyou (民有), Minzhu (民主), Minzhi (民治)
  3. The third union: Zhuji (主計), Zhuyi (主義), Zhuxin (主信), Zhuqin (主勤), Zhushang (主商), Zhugong (主工)
  4. The fourth union: Zhuxue (主學), Zhuquan (主權), Zhunong (主農), Zhuhe (主和), Zhuli (主力), Zhu'an (主安), Zhumu (主睦)
  5. The fifth union: Guofeng (國風), Guofang (國防), Guozhi (國治), Guoguang (國光), Guohun (國魂), Guo'an (國安), Guowei (國威), Guohua (國華), Guolian (國聯), Guosheng (國盛)
  6. The sixth union: Guofu (國富), Guoyu (國裕), Guoqing (國慶), Guoqiang (國強), Guofu (國福), Guoxing (國興)

The newest villages from 2002 are Guosheng, Guoxing, Minxiao, and Minzhu.

Government institutions

Demographics

Hualien City has 9,000 aboriginal people, making it the city with the largest aboriginal population in Taiwan. The majority of the aborigines that reside in Hualien include the Ami, Atayal, and Bunun.[4] Hualien City is also the most densely populated area in Hualien county.[5]

Climate

Hualien has a Koppen tropical rainforest climate that borders on a humid subtropical climate

Summer temperature: 25–32 °C (77–90 °F)
Winter temperature: 15–22 °C (59–72 °F)
Average annual temperature: 24 °C (75 °F)
Average Precipitation: approximately 2000 mm
Typhoon Season: June to September, sometimes in May and October.

Climate data for Hualien
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
21.5
(70.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26
(78.8)
28.5
(83.3)
30.4
(86.7)
32
(89.6)
32
(89.6)
30.4
(86.7)
28.2
(82.8)
25.4
(77.7)
22.5
(72.5)
26.78
(80.21)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.4
(65.1)
20.2
(68.4)
22.7
(72.9)
25.1
(77.2)
27.1
(80.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
26.8
(80.2)
24.8
(76.6)
22.2
(72)
19.3
(66.7)
23.44
(74.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.9
(60.6)
17.5
(63.5)
20
(68)
22.4
(72.3)
24.3
(75.7)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24
(75.2)
22
(71.6)
19.5
(67.1)
16.7
(62.1)
20.69
(69.24)
Precipitation mm (inches) 71.91
(2.831)
99.9
(3.933)
86.59
(3.409)
96.09
(3.783)
195
(7.677)
219.61
(8.646)
177.3
(6.98)
260.6
(10.26)
344.3
(13.555)
367.41
(14.465)
170.61
(6.717)
67.69
(2.665)
2,157.01
(84.921)
Source: Weatherbase [6]

Education

There are 3 universities, 12 senior high schools, 4 junior high schools, 16 elementary schools, 37 churches and 31 temples.

Industries

Hualien City is the center of politics, economy and transportation of Hualien County. Hualien City is the center of import and export trading due to its strategic location within the county and its proximity to airport and major harbor. It also has rich tourism industries, ranging from tourist objects, accommodations etc. One of its ingenious industry is the local stone art cultural industry.

Medical care

  • Hualien Tzu Chi Medical Center (First Medical Center in Eastern Taiwan)
  • Mennonite Christian Hospital
  • Hualien Hospital, Department of Health, Execusive Yuan

Tourist attractions

  • North Beach Park (Beibing Park)
  • South Beach Park and Night Market (Nanbing Park)
  • Tzu Chiang Night Market
  • Meilun Mountain Park
  • Hualien Fish Market
  • Pine Garden
  • Old Railroad Cultural Shopping Street
  • Rock Street
  • Ciji Sing Ji Hall (Meditation Hall) of the Tzu Chi Foundation
  • Hiking and River Tracing Trips around Hualien City

Transportation

Air

Hualien City is served by Hualien Airport located at the neighboring Xincheng Township of Hualien County. The airport is about 10 minutes drive to the city.

Rail

Sea

The Port of Hualien is an international port in the city with liners sailing to Japan, Middle East, South East Asia and South Korea.

Road

Notable natives

Gallery

Sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.hualien.gov.tw/english/report.aspx?v=B073F9013E8A5197
  2. ^ http://www.hualien.gov.tw/english/pages.aspx?v=D3C5BBCF8E60CF3D
  3. ^ "撒奇萊雅族_認識本族". TAIWAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CULTURE PARK. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Stanisław Kałużyński, ed. (1996). Przegląd orientalistyczny (Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Oreintalistyczne). 177-184: 202.  
  5. ^ http://www.hualien.gov.tw/english/pages.aspx?v=D3C5BBCF8E60CF3D
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Hualien, Taiwan". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links

  • (Chinese)Hualien City Office Website
  • (Chinese)Web preferential Hualien B & B
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