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Hungarians in the United Kingdom

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Hungarians in the United Kingdom

Hungarians in the United Kingdom
Total population
Hungarian-born residents
13,159 (2001 Census)
52,250 (2011 Census)
70,000 (2013 estimate)
Regions with significant populations
London
Languages
British English and Hungarian
Religion
Catholicism · Protestantism · Judaism.

Hungarians in the United Kingdom include Hungarian born immigrants to the UK and their descendants, of which there are a substantial number. Since Hungary joined the European Union in 2004, the UK's Hungarian population has grown significantly, with the Hungarian-born population rising from 13,000 in 2001 to 52,000 in 2011. This is estimated to have increased to 70,000 in 2013 with 26,000 living in London.

History

The first Hungarian student known by name to have matriculated at Oxford was one Nicolaus de Ungeria, and it is likely that he spent some time in London. Scores of Hungarian students came to study at English and Scottish universities, but the first to settle in London for good was János Bánffyhunyadi (1576–1646) in 1608. He dabbled in alchemy and became a lecturer in chemistry at Gresham College. Marrying an Englishwoman, he had a house in London which was often visited by his fellow countrymen passing through. In 1659, after a short spell in Oxford, Pál Jászberényi settled in London, where he opened a public school for the children of noblemen. He taught them Latin, using innovative techniques. One of the most resourceful scholars who made their home in the London of Pepys and Wren was János Mezolaki. He was teaching Latin and philosophy. He died as a patient of Bedlam, in 1693.[1]

Many Hungarians (as with other displaced persons from Central Europe) came to Britain during and after World War II. Also, up to 200,000 Hungarians left after the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and settled across other countries of the Western world, especially those forming the Western Bloc. This included refugees to the UK [2] such as the actor, Sandor Elès.

Since Hungary joined the European Union in 2004, the UK's Hungarian population has grown significantly. It was estimated that 13,159 Hungarian-born people were resident in the UK at the time of the 2001 UK Census.[3]

According to the 2011 census there were 48,308 Hungarian-born residents in England and Wales.[4] 17,803 were in London where they made up 0.22% of the population. Just 576 were in North East England, making up 0.02% of the population there. The Hungarian-born population in England and Wales was 0.5% of the population of Hungary. By comparison the Polish-born population of 579,121 was 1.5% of the population of Poland. The Polish-born population is more spread-out around England and Wales. 55% of the Hungarian-born population were in London and South East England, compared to 41% of the Polish-born population and 30% of the total population. There were also 2,943 Hungarian-born residents in Scotland out of a total population of 5,295,403 (0.06%),[5] and 999 Hungarian-born residents in Northern Ireland out of a total population of 1,810,863 (0.06%).[6] This gives a 2011 census total for the whole of the United Kingdom of 52,250.

The Office for National Statistics estimated that in 2013 there were 70,000 Hungarian-born people resident in the UK, 36,000 males and 34,000 females.[7] Of these, 64,000 were estimated to be in England, 1,000 in Wales, 4,000 in Scotland and 1,000 in Northern Ireland. 26,000 were estimated to be living in London with a further 11,000 in South East England.[8]

Famous Hungarian immigrants and Britains of Hungarian origin

Literature and media

Musicians and performers

Politician

  • Leo Amery (1873-1955) - Conservative Party politician

Science

See also

References

  1. ^ A study of the history of Hungarian refugee movements over the 20th century
  2. ^ "Hungary's 1956 brain drain"
  3. ^ "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  4. ^ "Census 2011 - Country of birth (expanded)". Office for National Statistics. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Scotland's Census 2011 - National Records of Scotland - Country of Birth (detailed)". National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Census 2011 - Country of Birth - Full Detail_QS206NI". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Residents of UK by Nation of birth and Citizenship. Estimates from the Annual Population Survey, annual table - Estimated overseas-born population resident in the United Kingdom, by sex,, by foreign country of birth (Table 1.4)". Office for National Statistics. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Underlying Datasheets for Population By Country of Birth and Nationality tables January 2013 to December 2013 (Table A)". Office for National Statistics. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Magyar életrajzi lexikon 1000-1990
  10. ^ "IMDB:Miki Berenyi". Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  11. ^ "Screenonline:Oscar Deutsch (1893 - 1941)". Retrieved 2009-07-03. 

Bibliography

  • Zakar, Dr. Andras: The Persecution of Jews in Hungary and the Catholic Church [1]

External links

  • Oxford Hungarian Society
  • Hungarian Cultural Centre
  • Hungarian Embassy UK
  • Londoni Gyermekek Klub
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