World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Highly Urbanized City
Don Gregorio T. Lluch Avenue (Formerly Quezon Avenue) in Iligan City
Don Gregorio T. Lluch Avenue (Formerly Quezon Avenue) in Iligan City
Official seal of Iligan
Nickname(s): Industrial Center of the South; City of Majestic Waterfalls
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Lanao del Norte (geographically only)
District Lone District of Iligan City
Settled 1575 (as Bayug, now part of Iligan)
1609 (as Iligan)
Incorporated 1914 (as municipality)
Cityhood June 16, 1950
Barangays 44
 • Congressman Vicente F. Belmonte Jr.
 • Mayor Col. Celso G. Regencia (Ret.)
 • Vice-Mayor Ruderic C. Marzo, CPA
 • Total 813.37 km2 (314.04 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 322,821
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)

Iligan, officially the City of Iligan or simply Iligan City (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Iligan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Iligan) is a highly urbanized city in the Northern Mindanao region, Philippines. It is geographically within the province of Lanao del Norte but administered independently from the province. It was once part of Central Mindanao (Region 12) until the province was moved under Northern Mindanao (Region 10) in 2001.[4]

Iligan has a total land area of 813.37 square kilometres (314.04 sq mi),[2] making it one of the 10 largest cities in the Philippines in terms of land area. It had a population of 322,821 inhabitants in the 2010 census.[3]


  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
    • Pre Colonial Era 2.1
    • Spanish era 2.2
    • American era 2.3
    • Cityhood 2.4
    • Lone district 2.5
  • Geography 3
    • Barangays 3.1
    • Climate 3.2
  • Demographics 4
    • Language 4.1
    • Patron saint 4.2
  • Economy 5
    • Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor 5.1
  • Tourism 6
    • City of Majestic Waterfalls 6.1
    • IBS Waterfall Adventure Tour 6.2
    • Tartanillas 6.3
    • Kasadya Merrymaking and Street Dancing 6.4
  • Local government 7
  • Transportation 8
    • Seaports 8.1
    • Airports 8.2
    • Bus terminals 8.3
    • City transportation 8.4
  • Education 9
    • Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology 9.1
    • Colleges 9.2
    • Basic education 9.3
  • Telecommunications and media 10
  • Notable people 11
  • Sister Cities 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15


The name Iligan is from the Higaunon (Lumad/Native of Iligan) word "Ilig" which means "to go downstream".


Pre Colonial Era

Iligan City had its beginnings in the village of Bayug, four (4) kilometers north of the present Poblacion. It was the earliest pre-Spanish settlement of native sea dwellers. The monotony of indigenous life in the territory was broken when in the later part of the 16th century, the inhabitants were subdued by the Visayan migrants from the island kingdom of Panglao.

In the accounts of Jesuit historian Francisco Combes, the Mollucan King of Ternate invaded Panglao. This caused Panglaons to flee in large numbers to Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte.

In Dapitan, the surviving Prince of Panglao Pagbuaya, received Legazpi's expedition in 1565. Later, Pagbuaya's son Manook was baptized Pedro Manuel Manook. Sometime after the conquest of Camarines by the Spaniards in 1573, the Christianized Manook subdued the Higaunon village in Bayug the same year and established it as one of the earliest Christian settlements in the country. The settlement survived other raids from other enemies, and, because of their faith in God and in their patron saint, Saint Michael the Archangel, the early Iliganons moved their settlement from Bayug to Iligan, which the Augustinian Recollects founded as a mission in 1609.[5]

Spanish era

The Jesuits replaced the Recollects in 1639. Iligan was the Spaniards' base of operations in attempting to conquer and Christianize the Lanao area throughout its history. A stone fort called Fort St. Francis Xavier was built in 1642 where Iliganons sought refuge during raids by bandits. But again, the fort sank due to floods. Another fort was built and this was named Fort Victoria or Cota de Iligan.

In 1850, because of floods, Don Remigio Cabili, then Iligan's governadorcillo, built another fort and moved the poblacion of the old Iligan located at the mouth of Tubod River west of the old market to its present site.

Iligan was already a town of the once undivided Misamis Province in 1832. However, it did not have an independent religious administration because it was part of Cagayan de Oro, the provincial capital. It was one of the biggest municipalities of Misamis Province.

The Spaniards abandoned Iligan in 1899, paving the way for the landing of the American forces in 1900.

American era

Iligan, circa 1903-1913

In 1903, the Moro Province was created. Iligan, because of its Moro residents was taken away from the Misamis Province. Then Iligan became the capital of the Lanao District and seat of the government where the American officials lived and held office. Later in 1907 the capital of the Lanao District was transferred to Dansalan.[6]

In 1914, under the restructuring of Moroland after the end of the Moro Province (1903–1913), Iligan became a municipality composed of eight barrios together with the municipal district of Mandulog. After enjoying peace and prosperity for about 40 years, Iligan was invaded by Japanese forces in 1942.

The liberation in Iligan by the Philippine Commonwealth forces attacked by the Japanese held sway in the city until 1944 to 1945 when the war ended. On November 15, 1944, the city held a Commonwealth Day parade to celebrate the end of Japanese atrocities and occupation.[7]


Using the same territorial definition as a municipality, Iligan became a chartered city of Lanao del Norte on June 16, 1950.[8] It was declared a first class city in 1969 and was reclassified as First Class City "A" on July 1, 1977 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 465. In 1983, Iligan was again reclassified as a highly urbanized city.

Lone district

Republic Act No. 9724, an Act separating the City of Iligan from the First Legislative District of the Province of Lanao del Norte was approved by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on October 20, 2009.[9]


Iligan City is bounded on the north by the 3 municipalities of Misamis Oriental (namely Lugait, Manticao and Opol), to the south by the 3 municipalities of Lanao del Norte (Baloi, Linamon and Tagoloan) and the 2 municipalities of Lanao del Sur (Kapai and Tagoloan II), to the northeast by Cagayan de Oro City, to the east by the municipality of Talakag, Bukidnon; and to the west by Iligan Bay.

To the west, Iligan Bay provides ferry and container ship transportation. East of the city, flat cultivated coastal land gives way to steep volcanic hills and mountains providing the waterfalls and cold springs for which the area is well known.


Iligan City is politically subdivided into 44 barangays.[2]

  • Abuno
  • Acmac
  • Bagong Silang
  • Bonbonon
  • Bunawan
  • Buru-un
  • Dalipuga
  • Del Carmen
  • Digkilaan
  • Ditucalan
  • Dulag
  • Hinaplanon
  • Hindang
  • Kabacsanan
  • Kalilangan
  • Kiwalan
  • Lanipao
  • Luinab
  • Mahayahay
  • Mainit
  • Mandulog
  • Maria Cristina
  • Pala-o
  • Panoroganan
  • Poblacion
  • Puga-an
  • Rogongon
  • San Miguel
  • San Roque
  • Santiago
  • Saray-Tibanga (Saray)
  • Santa Elena
  • Santa Filomena
  • Santo Rosario
  • Suarez
  • Tambacan
  • Tibanga (Canaway)
  • Tipanoy
  • Tomas L. Cabili (Tominobo Proper)
  • Tubod
  • Ubaldo D. Laya
  • Upper Hinaplanon
  • Upper Tominobo
  • Villaverde


Iligan falls within the third type of climate wherein the seasons are not very pronounced. Rain is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. Because of its tropical location the city does not experience cold weather. Neither does it experience strong weather disturbances due to its geographical location (being outside the typhoon belt) And also because of the mountains that are surrounding the city.


Interior of Saint Michael Cathedral in Iligan

Iligan is predominantly Christian, with Catholics constitutes the majority of the Christians. Iliganons compose of the Cebuano speaking locals and the minority were mainly Muslim Maranaos,and Higaonons.

Tagalog and some other cultural minorities and immigrants from other places. It is not only rich in natural resources and industries but it is also the home of a mix of cultures, Maranaos of Lanao del Sur, Higaonon of Bukidnon, and many settlers and migrants from other parts of the country. It is known for its diverse culture.


Cebuano is the major language in the city (about 93%). The rest speak Tagalog, Maranao, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Chavacano, and Waray-Waray. The majority of the population can speak and understand English.

Patron saint

Saint Michael is the Patron saint of the city, and the city fiesta in devotion to the saint is held every September 29.

St. Michael the Archangel is the patron saint of Iligan City. He is widely known as Senor San Miguel.

  • Name Meaning of St. Michael”Who is like God?" (The battle cry of the heaven forces during Satan's uprising).
  • Catholics refer to him as St Michael the Archangel and also simply as St Michael while Orthodox Christians refer to him as the Taxiarch Archangel Michael or simply Archangel Michael.
  • He is the leader of the army of God during the Lucifer uprising.
  • Devotion is common to Muslims, Christians and Jews with writings about him in all three cultures.
  • St. Michael is considers as the guardian angel of Israel. [Don Sunshine S. Neri-Iligan City]

Diyandi Festival

Festival is an event in which is celebrated jointly for celebrating a cause. Festivals are mostly celebrated to propagate the cultural heritages of a city or a nation. Festivals highlight various aspects of society. Festivals at national level help to promote the uniformity and the patriotic spirit in the society. Religious festivals all around the world bring convergence and propagate acceptance of all kinds of religions in different geographical segments. International festivals help to increase brotherhood and remove ethnic racism in the world. Owing to the fact that world has become a global village , celebrations of all kinds of festival in a country improves the overall image of the country and show the acceptance of cultural diversity in the country. They help keeping the older traditions and provide entertainment to the people celebrating events in different parts of the world. All have some profound meaning in it and they also have pragmatic purposes.

There are some other purposes that a festival serves and it is usually meeting other people along with their families each year and thus improve your social life.

[Don Sunshine S. Neri-Iligan City]


Echiverri Street, Iligan

Iligan is known as the Industrial Center of the South and its economy is largely based on heavy industries. It produces hydroelectric power for the Mindanao region through the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR), the site of the Mindanao Regional Center (MRC) housing Agus IV, VI and VII hydroelectric plants. It also houses industries like steel, tinplate, cement and flour mills.

After the construction of Maria Cristina (Agus VI) Hydroelectric Plant by National Power Corporation (NPC, NAPOCOR) in 1950, the city experienced rapid industrialization and continued until the late 1980s. The largest steel plant in the country, National Steel Corporation (NSC), was also established in 1962.[10]

During the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, the city experienced severe economic slowdown. A number of industrial plants were closed, notably the National Steel Corporation.[11]

The city made its economic revival with the reopening of the National Steel Corporation, renamed Global Steelworks Infrastructures, Inc. (GSII) in 2004.[12] On October 2005, GSII officially took a new corporate name: Global Steel Philippines (SPV-AMC), Inc.[13]

Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor

Iligan along with its neighboring city, Cagayan de Oro City, are the two major components for the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor, the fastest developing area in Northern Mindanao.


City of Majestic Waterfalls

Maria Cristina Falls

Iligan is known as the City of Majestic Waterfalls because of the numerous waterfalls located within its area. There are about 23 waterfalls in the city. The most famous as well as the city's major landmark, is the Maria Cristina Falls. It is also the primary source of electric power of the city, harnessed by Agus VI Hydroelectric Plant.

Other famous waterfalls in the city are, Tinago Falls, accessible through a 300-step staircase in Barangay Ditucalan. Mimbalut Falls in Barangay Buru-un, Abaga Falls in Barangay Suarez, and Dodiongan Falls in Barangay Bonbonon.

List of waterfalls in Iligan.

  • Abaga Falls
  • Bridal Veil Falls
  • Dalipuga Falls
  • Digkianlao Falls
  • Dodiongan Falls
  • Gata Falls
  • Guimbalolan Falls
  • Hindang Falls
  • Ikog Falls
  • Kalisaon Falls
  • Kalubihon Falls
  • Kamadahan Falls
  • Kibalang Falls
  • Languyon Falls
  • Langilanon Falls
  • Limunsudan Falls
  • Linanot Falls
  • Lumbatin Falls
  • Malaigang Falls
  • Malapacan Falls
  • Malinao Falls
  • Maria Cristina Falls
  • Mimbalut Falls
  • Pampam Falls
  • Pindarangahan Falls
  • Rogongon Falls
  • Sikyop Falls
  • Tinago Falls

Waterfall hopping is now becoming one of the popular activities for eco-tourists in Iligan City.

IBS Waterfall Adventure Tour

This is an annual event of the Iligan Bloggers' Society where they invite bloggers from all over the Philippines to an appreciation tour to several waterfalls in the city. The event's primary objective is to promote the city's waterfalls through social media.


Iligan is one of the few cities in the Philippines and the only city in Mindanao where one can find a tartanilla, a horse-drawn carriage, plying the main streets from Badelles Street in Pala-o to Barangay Tambacan.

Kasadya Merrymaking and Street Dancing

Kasadya Merrymaking and Street Dancing is Iligan City's month-long cultural celebration held every month of September and concludes on the feast day of Saint Michael on September 29. Highlight of the event is Kasadya Street Dancing, a ritual dance offered to the patron saint as thanksgiving.

The Kasadya Merry Making and Street Dancing has been renamed Sayaw Saulog in 2014.

Local government

Iligan City Hall

Iligan City is a highly urbanized city and is independent from the Province of Lanao del Norte. Registered voters of the city no longer vote for provincial candidates such as the Governor and Vice Governor unlike its nearby towns that make up the provinces as a result to its charter as a city in the 1950s.

Iligan City's seat of government, the city hall, is located at Buhanginan Hills in Barangay Pala-o. The government structure compose of one mayor, one vice-mayor and twelve councilors. Each official is elected publicly to a 3-year term and can be re-elected up to 3 terms in succession. The day-to-day administration of the city is handled by the city administrator.



The Port of Iligan is located along the northern central coastal area of Mindanao facing the Iligan Bay with geographical coordinates of approximately . It is 795 kilometres (494 mi) southwest of Metro Manila.[14]

It serves the port users and passengers coming from the hinterlands of the provinces of Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, parts of Misamis Oriental, and the Cities of Iligan and Marawi.[14]

There are five major passenger and cargo shipping lines operating in the Port of Iligan serving Manila, Cebu City, Ozamiz City, Dipolog City, Tagbilaran City, Siquijor, Siquijor and Lazi, Siquijor routes. These are 2GO Travel, Carlos A. Gothong Lines, Gothong Southern, Cokaliong Shipping Lines, Trans-Asia Shipping Lines and Orlines Sea-Land Transport.

There are around 7 private seaports in Iligan operated by their respective heavy industry companies. These private seaports can be found in Barangays Maria Cristina, Suarez, Tomas L. Cabili, Sta. Filomena, and Kiwalan.


Laguindingan Airport

The main airport is Laguindingan Airport (IATA: CGY; ICAO: RPMY), located in the municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental. Opened last June 15, 2013,[15] the airport replaced Lumbia Airport as the main airport of Misamis Oriental and Northern Mindanao.[16] It has daily commercial flights from and to Manila, Cebu, Davao and Zamboanga via PAL Express, and Cebu Pacific.

Maria Cristina Airport (IATA: IGN; ICAO: RPMI), is located in Balo-i, Lanao del Norte, and was the main airport of Iligan in the late 1980s. Aerolift Philippines, a defunct regional airline, ceased its services when its passenger plane crashed into some structures at the end of the runway of the Manila Domestic Airport in 1990 which resulted to its bankruptcy.[17][18] Thus, it ended its service to Iligan's airport at Balo-i which also resulted to the closure of the airport. Philippine Airlines served the city for many years before ending flights in 1998 due to the Asian financial crisis.

Bus terminals

There are two main bus terminals in Iligan.

Rural Transit (RTMI) and Super 5 Transport are the dominant public bus companies with daily trips from and to Iligan. Passenger vans and jeeps also services various municipalities in Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, and Misamis Oriental.

City transportation

The public modes of transportation within the city are Jeepneys, Taxis, and Pedicabs. "Tartanillas" services main roads in Barangay Pala-o and Barangay Tambacan.


The City of Iligan has one state university and seven private colleges specialized in Engineering and Information Technology, Health Services, Maritime Science, Business and Administration, Primary and Secondary Education, and Arts and Social Sciences.

With a total of 181 schools (106 public; 75 private; 17 madaris) including vocational and technical schools, Iligan City has an average literacy rate of 94.71, one of the highest in the whole Philippines.

Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology

One of the few autonomous external campuses of the Mindanao State University and "the light-bearer of the several campuses of the MSU System."[19] It is not only one of the best universities in the Visayas and Mindanao regions but considered as well as one of the best universities in Philippines with a standing of being within the top ten (10) best universities in the country with excellence in Science and Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, Information Technology, and Natural Sciences.


  • St. Michael's College, Iligan City, is known as the oldest school in the Lanao area, founded as a catechetical center way back 1914 by Fr. Felix Cordova, S.J. It was formally established in 1915 as Escuela de San Miguel in honor of the patron saint, St. Michael the Archangel. Now on its active bid to become the city's first Private Catholic University, Saint Michael's College of Iligan currently offers 6 disciplines: Business Administration, Accountancy, Hotel and Restaurant Management, Engineering and Computer Studies, Nursing, Criminology, Education, Arts and Sciences and the Basic Education. It also offers the TESDA Ladderized Courses and the education - related Graduate Studies Program.[20]
  • St. Peter's College, Iligan City, is an engineering, accounting and business administration school founded in 1952.
  • Capitol College of Iligan, Inc., more popularly known as Iligan Capitol College (ICC), is a private, non-sectarian, co-educational institution of learning which was established in 1963 by the late Engr. Sesenio S. Rosales and Madame Laureana San Pedro Rosales. It was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 12, 1964.[20] In 1997, Iligan Capitol College established Lyceum Foundation of Iligan which is to become its sister college beside Corpus Christi Parish in Tubod, Iligan City.
  • Iligan Medical Center College, is a private and non-sectarian Medicine and Health Services school founded in 1975.
  • Adventist Medical Center College, formerly: Mindanao Sanitarium and Hospital College, is one of the colleges of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. It is a medical school which focuses on healthcare courses like Nursing, Medical Technology, Physical Therapy, Pharmacy and Radiology.
  • Lyceum of Iligan Foundation focuses on maritime and engineering courses. It also offers courses on Hotel and Restaurant Management, Nursing, Business Administration, and other allied Health Services.
  • Other notable colleges and technical schools are Iligan Computer Institute, (ICTSI), Santa Monica Institute of Technology (SMIT), STI College, AMA Computer College, Picardal Institute of Technology (PIST), Saint Lawrence Institute of Technology, Masters Technological Institute of Mindanao, and ICTI Polytechnic College, Inc. (formerly Iligan City Technical Institute (ICTI)).

Basic education

  • Iligan City National High School, the largest high school campus in Iligan City.
  • Lanao Chung Hua School, the first and only existing Chinese school in Iligan City which was founded in November 12, 1938.
  • La Salle Academy (Iligan City) is a Lasallian school located in Iligan City, Lanao del Norte, Philippines. It is the first of the third generation of La Salle schools founded by the De La Salle Brothers in the country.[21]
  • Corpus Christi Parochial School of Iligan
  • Iligan City East National High School, formerly known as Regional Science High School for Region XII but was then transferred to Cagayan de Oro and was changed into Iligan City East National High School. The School was founded on February 1986. Specializes on research, sciences, mathematics, technology education and others.
  • Integrated Developmental School, founded as Iligan High School, was established in 1946. On July 12, 1968, the school was annexed to Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology under R.A. 5363.

Telecommunications and media

Iligan City's pioneering communication company is PLDT-MaraTel Bayan Telecommunications Inc. and Italtel, a government controlled communications system then followed. Recently major national carriers such as PilTel, Globe Telecom, Mobile telecommunications are catered by Smart Communications, Globe Telecom, and Sun Cellular are serving the telecommunication needs of Iligan City.

The city has three (3) local television channels. They are ABS-CBN, GMA Network and ABS-CBN Sports+Action. The city also has eight (8) FM and two (2) AM radio stations.

Notable people

Sister Cities

Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines
General Santos City, Philippines
Makati City, Philippines[22]
Dipolog City, Philippines

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ Godinez-Ortega, C. (2001, September 9). Iligan City 'moves' to Northern Mindanao, Philippine Daily Inquirer. P. A13.
  5. ^ All About Iligan
  6. ^ Prof. Patrocenia T. Acut, Iligan During the American Period, Iligan City Official Website
  7. ^ Prof. Leonor Buhion Enderes, Japanese Occupation in Iligan City, Iligan City Official Website
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Prof. Geoffrey G. Salgado, Iligan: A History of the Phenomenal Growth of an Industrial City, Iligan City Official Website
  11. ^ Maricar T. Manuzon, A Giant Awakens, Philippine Business Magazine
  12. ^ Genalyn D. Kabiling, National Steel Plant reopens, Manila Bulletin
  13. ^ GSII Changes Name to Global Steel Philippines, PRWEB August 19, 2005
  14. ^ a b PMO Iligan Website Retrieved 2013, April 18, from
  15. ^ Amojelar, D. (2013, April 16). Gov't defers transfer of flights to Laguindingan Airport until after summer, Retrieved 2013, April 18, from
  16. ^ Betonio, T., Managbanag, N. (2013, February 27). Laguindingan airport to open in April, Retrieved 2013, April 18, from
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ Macapado A. Muslim, "Commencement Address", a speech at MSU IIT's 38th Commencement Exercises, MSU-IIT Gymnasium, Iligan City, April 4, 2008.
  20. ^ a b Iligan City Schools, City Development Strategies in Philippines.
  21. ^
  22. ^

External links

  • Official website
  • Philippine Standard Geographic Code
  • Philippine Census Information
  • Local Governance Performance Management System
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.