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Indian River (Florida)

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Title: Indian River (Florida)  
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Subject: Rockledge, Florida, St. Sebastian River, St. Johns-Indian River Barge Canal, Crane Creek (Melbourne, Florida), Palm Bay, Florida
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Indian River (Florida)

Indian River
STS-126 launch of shuttle Endeavour viewed across the Indian River from Titusville, Florida in 2008
NASA map showing Indian River on left
Origin Ponce de Leon inlet
Mouth St. Lucie Inlet
Location Florida, United States
Length 195 km (121 mi)
Source elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Mouth elevation 0 m (0 ft)

The Indian River is a 121-mile (195 km) long[1] brackish lagoon in Florida,[2] and is part of the Indian River Lagoon system which forms the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. It was originally named Rio de Ais after the Ais Indian tribe, who lived along the east coast of Florida, but was later given its current name. The Indian River extends southward from the Ponce de Leon inlet in New Smyrna Beach in Volusia County southward and across the Haulover Canal and along the western shore of Merritt Island. The Banana River flows into the Indian River on the island's south side. The Indian River continues southward to St. Lucie Inlet.[3] At certain seasons of the year, bridges have tended to impede the flow of red drift algae, resulting in an odor of hydrogen sulfide in the area.[4]

Tributaries and estuaries

Tributaries of the Indian River include the Merritt Island Barge Canal (man-made), the C-54 Canal (man-made), Crane Creek, the Eau Gallie River, Horse Creek, Mullet Creek, St. Sebastian River, St. Lucie River, Sykes Creek, and Turkey Creek. An estuary of Indian River is Palm Bay. The St. Johns-Indian River Barge Canal was proposed in the 1960s to provide a water link to the St. Johns River, but was cancelled in the early 1970s.


  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey 7½ minute topographic maps
  2. ^ Long, Doug (13 March 2010). "Column:Help!". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). p. 4D. 
  3. ^ "Description of the Indian River Lagoon - Appendix B". Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  4. ^ Waymer, Jim (2 July 2010). "Man on mission to sweeten smell of Indian River Lagoon". Burlington Free Press. Burlington Free Press. 

External links

  • An early 20th Century description of the Indian River
  • Hernandez Trail History

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