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Indian Wells Masters

Indian Wells Masters
Founded 1974
Location Indian Wells, California
United States
Venue Indian Wells Tennis Garden
Surface Hard / Outdoors
Official website
 ATP World Tour
Category Masters 1000
Draw 96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize Money US$3,645,000
 WTA Tour
Category Premier Mandatory
Draw 96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize Money US$4,500,000
Indian Wells Tennis Garden

The Indian Wells Masters, also known by its current sponsored name the BNP Paribas Open, is an annual tennis tournament held at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in Indian Wells, California, United States.

Current owner, Larry Ellison, CEO and co-founder of Oracle, purchased the tournament and the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in December 2009.

The tournament is a Masters 1000 event on the men's tour and is a Premier Mandatory event on the women's tour. Between 1974 and 1990 it was a major tournament of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour and part of the Grand Prix Super Series. The event, held in March, is one of two tour events (along with the Miami Open), other than the Majors, in which main draw play extends beyond eight days. The women's main draw usually starts on Wednesday and the men's main draw starts on Thursday. Both finals are held on Sunday of the following week. Both singles main draws include 96 players in a 128-player grid, with the 32 seeded players getting a bye to the second round.

The tournament is played on hard courts and is the best attended tennis tournament outside the four Grand Slam tournaments, with over 450,000 visitors during the 2015 event.[1] It has the second largest permanent tennis stadium in the world.

Contents

  • Location 1
  • History 2
  • Williams sisters controversy 3
  • Past finals 4
    • Men 4.1
      • Records 4.1.1
      • Singles 4.1.2
      • Doubles 4.1.3
    • Women 4.2
      • Records 4.2.1
      • Singles 4.2.2
      • Doubles 4.2.3
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Location

Indian Wells lies in the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area), about 125 miles east of downtown Los Angeles.[2]

The tournament is played in the Indian Wells Tennis Garden (built in 2000) which has 29 tennis courts, including the 16,100-seat main stadium, which is the second largest tennis-specific stadium in the world.[3] After the 2013 BNP Paribas Open the Indian Wells Tennis Garden started an expansion and upgrade of its facilities that includes a new 8,000 seat Stadium 2.[4]

History

The tournament was founded by Charlie Pasarell and Raymond Moore. The men's tournament was previously called the American Airlines Tennis Games (1974–1978), the Congoleum Classic (1979–1980, 1982–1984), the Grand Marnier/ATP Tennis Games (1981), the Pilot Pen Classic (1985–1987), the Newsweek Champions Cup (1988–1999), the Tennis Masters Series Indian Wells (2000–2001),[5] and the Pacific Life Open (2002–2008).

The women's tournament was previously called the Virginia Slims of Indian Wells (1989–1990); the Virginia Slims of Palm Springs (1991); the Matrix Essentials Evert Cup (1992–1993); the Evert Cup (1994, 1999), or the State Farm Evert Cup (1995–1998) in honor of Chris Evert; the Tennis Masters Series (2000–2001); and, the Pacific Life Open (2002–2008).

Originally the women's tournament was held a week before the men's event. In 1996, the championship became one of the few fully combined events on both the Association of Tennis Professionals and Women's Tennis Association tours.

The BNP Paribas Open has become one of the largest events on both men's and women's tour, with 96 top professional players entering in the main draws. Dubbed "Grand Slam of the West",[6][7] it is the most-attended tennis tournament in the world outside of the four Majors.

In 2009, the tournament and the Indian Wells Tennis Garden were sold to Larry Ellison.[8][9]

Williams sisters controversy

Venus and Serena Williams, two very highly ranked American women, have refused to play the Indian Wells tournament since 2001 despite threats of financial sanctions and rating point penalties. The two were scheduled to play in the 2001 semi-final but Venus withdrew due to an injury. Amid speculations of match fixing, the crowd for the final loudly booed Serena Williams when she came out to play the final and continued to boo her intermittently through the entire match, even to the point of cheering unforced errors and double faults.[10] Williams won the tournament and was subsequently booed during the awards ceremony. The following month at the Ericsson Open, Richard Williams, Serena and Venus's father, claimed racial slurs were directed at him while in the stands.[11] Neither Venus nor Serena played the tournament until 2014. In 2015, however, Serena Williams played in the tournament, thus ending her 14-year boycott of the event.[12][13]

Past finals

Men

Records

Singles

Location Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
Tucson
1974 John Newcombe Arthur Ashe 6–3, 7–6
American Airlines Tennis Games
1975 John Alexander Ilie Năstase 7–5, 6–2
Palm Springs
1976 Jimmy Connors Roscoe Tanner 6–4, 6–4
1977 Brian Gottfried Guillermo Vilas 2–6, 6–1, 6–3
1978 Roscoe Tanner Raúl Ramírez 6–1, 7–6
Rancho Mirage
1979 Roscoe Tanner Brian Gottfried 6–4, 6–2
Congoleum Classic
1980
Final not held (rain)
Semifinalists: Jimmy Connors, Brian Teacher, Peter Fleming, Gene Mayer
La Quinta
1981 Jimmy Connors Ivan Lendl 6–3, 7–6
Grand Marnier Tennis Games
1982 Yannick Noah Ivan Lendl 6–4, 2–6, 7–5
Congoleum Classic (II)
1983 José Higueras Eliot Teltscher 6–4, 6–2
1984 Jimmy Connors Yannick Noah 6–2, 6–7(7–9), 6–3
1985 Larry Stefanki David Pate 6–1, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
Pilot Pen Classic
1986 Joakim Nyström Yannick Noah 6–1, 6–3, 6–2
Indian Wells
1987 Boris Becker Stefan Edberg 6–4, 6–4, 7–5
1988 Boris Becker Emilio Sánchez 7–5, 6–4, 2–6, 6–4
Newsweek Champions Cup
1989 Miloslav Mečíř Yannick Noah 3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1990 Stefan Edberg Andre Agassi 6–4, 5–7, 7–6(7–1), 7–6(8–6)
1991 Jim Courier Guy Forget 4–6, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
1992 Michael Chang Andrei Chesnokov 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
1993 Jim Courier Wayne Ferreira 6–3, 6–3, 6–1
1994 Pete Sampras Petr Korda 4–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1995 Pete Sampras Andre Agassi 7–5, 6–3, 7–5
1996 Michael Chang Paul Haarhuis 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
1997 Michael Chang Bohdan Ulihrach 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
1998 Marcelo Ríos Greg Rusedski 6–3, 6–7(15–17), 7–6(7–4), 6–4
1999 Mark Philippoussis Carlos Moyà 5–7, 6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2000 Àlex Corretja Thomas Enqvist 6–4, 6–4, 6–3
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Andre Agassi Pete Sampras 7–6(7–5), 7–5, 6–1
2002 Lleyton Hewitt Tim Henman 6–1, 6–2
Pacific Life Open
2003 Lleyton Hewitt Gustavo Kuerten 6–1, 6–1
2004 Roger Federer Tim Henman 6–3, 6–3
2005 Roger Federer Lleyton Hewitt 6–2, 6–4, 6–4
2006 Roger Federer James Blake 7–5, 6–3, 6–0
2007 Rafael Nadal Novak Djokovic 6–2, 7–5
2008 Novak Djokovic Mardy Fish 6–2, 5–7, 6–3
2009 Rafael Nadal Andy Murray 6–1, 6–2
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Ivan Ljubičić Andy Roddick 7–6(7–3), 7–6(7–5)
2011 Novak Djokovic Rafael Nadal 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2012 Roger Federer John Isner 7–6(9–7), 6–3
2013 Rafael Nadal Juan Martín del Potro 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
2014 Novak Djokovic Roger Federer 3–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2015 Novak Djokovic Roger Federer 6–3, 6–7(5–7), 6–2

Doubles

Location Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
Tucson
1974 Charlie Pasarell
Sherwood Stewart
Tom Edlefsen
Manuel Orantes
6–4, 6–4
American Airlines Tennis Games
1975 William Brown
Raúl Ramírez
Raymond Moore
Dennis Ralston
2–6, 7–6, 6–4
Palm Springs
1976 Colin Dibley
Sandy Mayer
Raymond Moore
Erik Van Dillen
6–3, 7–5
1977 Bob Hewitt
Frew McMillan
Marty Riessen
Roscoe Tanner
7–6, 7–6
1978 Raymond Moore
Roscoe Tanner
Bob Hewitt
Frew McMillan
6–4, 6–4
Rancho Mirage
1979 Gene Mayer
Sandy Mayer
Cliff Drysdale
Bruce Manson
6–4, 7–6
Congoleum Classic
1980
Final not held due to rain
La Quinta
1981 Bruce Manson
Brian Teacher
Terry Moor
Eliot Teltscher
7–6, 6–2
Grand Marnier Tennis Games
1982 Brian Gottfried
Raúl Ramírez
John Lloyd
Dick Stockton
6–4, 3–6, 6–2
Congoleum Classic (II)
1983 Brian Gottfried
Raúl Ramírez
Tian Viljoen
Danie Visser
6–3, 6–3
1984 Bernard Mitton
Butch Walts
Scott Davis
Ferdi Taygan
4–6, 6–4, 7–6
1985 Heinz Günthardt
Balázs Taróczy
Ken Flach
Robert Seguso
7–6, 7–5
Pilot Pen Classic
1986 Peter Fleming
Guy Forget
Yannick Noah
Sherwood Stewart
7–6, 6–2
Indian Wells
1987 Guy Forget
Yannick Noah
Boris Becker
Eric Jelen
5–7, 7–6, 7–5
1988 Boris Becker
Guy Forget
Jorge Lozano
Todd Witsken
6–3, 6–3
Newsweek Champions Cup
1989 Boris Becker
Jakob Hlasek
Kevin Curren
David Pate
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
1990 Boris Becker
Guy Forget
Jim Grabb
Patrick McEnroe
6–4, 6–3
1991 Jim Courier
Javier Sánchez
Guy Forget
Henri Leconte
7–6, 6–1
1992 Steve DeVries
David Macpherson
Kent Kinnear
Sven Salumaa
6–3, 2–6, 6–4
1993 Guy Forget
Henri Leconte
Luke Jensen
Scott Melville
4–6, 6–2, 7–6
1994 Grant Connell
Patrick Galbraith
Byron Black
Jonathan Stark
3–6, 6–1, 7–6
1995 Tommy Ho
Brett Steven
Gary Muller
Piet Norval
7–6, 6–7, 6–4
1996 Todd Woodbridge
Mark Woodforde
Brian MacPhie
Michael Tebbutt
6–3, 6–4
1997 Mark Knowles
Daniel Nestor
Mark Philippoussis
Patrick Rafter
7–5, 6–4
1998 Jonas Björkman
Patrick Rafter
Todd Martin
Richey Reneberg
6–0, 6–3
1999 Wayne Black
Sandon Stolle
Ellis Ferreira
Rick Leach
6–3, 6–4
2000 Alex O'Brien
Jared Palmer
Paul Haarhuis
Sandon Stolle
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Wayne Ferreira
Yevgeny Kafelnikov
Jonas Björkman
Todd Woodbridge
6–2, 7–5
2002 Mark Knowles
Daniel Nestor
Roger Federer
Max Mirnyi
6–4, 6–4
Pacific Life Open
2003 Wayne Ferreira
Yevgeny Kafelnikov
Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
3–6, 7–5, 6–4
2004 Arnaud Clément
Sébastien Grosjean
Wayne Black
Kevin Ullyett
6–3, 4–6, 7–5
2005 Mark Knowles
Daniel Nestor
Wayne Arthurs
Paul Hanley
7–6(8–6), 7–6(7–2)
2006 Mark Knowles
Daniel Nestor
Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2007 Martin Damm
Leander Paes
Jonathan Erlich
Andy Ram
6–4, 6–4
2008 Jonathan Erlich
Andy Ram
Daniel Nestor
Nenad Zimonjić
6–4, 6–4
2009 Mardy Fish
Andy Roddick
Max Mirnyi
Andy Ram
3–6, 6–1, 14–12
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Marc López
Rafael Nadal
Daniel Nestor
Nenad Zimonjić
7–6(10–8), 6–3
2011 Alexandr Dolgopolov
Xavier Malisse
Roger Federer
Stanislas Wawrinka
6–4, 6–7(5–7), [10–7]
2012 Marc López
Rafael Nadal
John Isner
Sam Querrey
6–2, 7–6(7–3)
2013 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
Treat Conrad Huey
Jerzy Janowicz
6–3, 3–6, [10–6]
2014 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
Alexander Peya
Bruno Soares
6–4, 6–3
2015 Vasek Pospisil
Jack Sock
Simone Bolelli
Fabio Fognini
6–4, 6–7(3–7), [10–7]

Women

Records

Singles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
Virginia Slims of Indian Wells
1989 Manuela Maleeva Jenny Byrne 6–4, 6–1
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990 Martina Navratilova Helena Suková 6–2, 5–7, 6–1
1991 Martina Navratilova Monica Seles 6–2, 7–6(8–6)
Virginia Slims of Palm Springs
1992 Monica Seles Conchita Martínez 6–3, 6–1
Matrix Essentials Evert Cup
1993 Mary Joe Fernández Amanda Coetzer 3–6, 6–1, 7–6(8–6)
1994 Steffi Graf Amanda Coetzer 6–0, 6–4
Evert Cup
1995 Mary Joe Fernández Natasha Zvereva 6–4, 6–3
State Farm Evert Cup
1996 Steffi Graf Conchita Martínez 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–5)
↓  Tier I tournament   ↓
1997 Lindsay Davenport Irina Spîrlea 6–2, 6–1
1998 Martina Hingis Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 6–4
1999 Serena Williams Steffi Graf 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
Evert Cup (II)
2000 Lindsay Davenport Martina Hingis 4–6, 6–4, 6–0
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Serena Williams Kim Clijsters 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2002 Daniela Hantuchová Martina Hingis 6–3, 6–4
Pacific Life Open
2003 Kim Clijsters Lindsay Davenport 6–4, 7–5
2004 Justine Henin Lindsay Davenport 6–1, 6–4
2005 Kim Clijsters Lindsay Davenport 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2006 Maria Sharapova Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–2
2007 Daniela Hantuchová Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–3, 6–4
2008 Ana Ivanovic Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–4, 6–3
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament   ↓
2009 Vera Zvonareva Ana Ivanovic 7–6(7–5), 6–2
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Jelena Janković Caroline Wozniacki 6–2, 6–4
2011 Caroline Wozniacki Marion Bartoli 6–1, 2–6, 6–3
2012 Victoria Azarenka Maria Sharapova 6–2, 6–3
2013 Maria Sharapova Caroline Wozniacki 6–2, 6–2
2014 Flavia Pennetta Agnieszka Radwanska 6–2, 6–1
2015 Simona Halep Jelena Janković 2–6, 7–5, 6–4

Doubles

Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
Virginia Slims of Indian Wells
1989 Hana Mandlíková
Pam Shriver
Rosalyn Fairbank
Gretchen Rush-Magers
6–3, 6–7(4–7), 6–3
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990 Jana Novotná
Helena Suková
Gigi Fernández
Martina Navratilova
6–2, 7–6(8–6)
1991
Final not held due to rain
Virginia Slims of Palm Springs
1992 Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Stephanie Rehe
Jill Hetherington
Kathy Rinaldi
6–3, 6–3
Matrix Essentials Evert Cup
1993 Rennae Stubbs
Helena Suková
Ann Grossman
Patricia Hy
6–3, 6–4
1994 Lindsay Davenport
Lisa Raymond
Manon Bollegraf
Helena Suková
6–2, 6–4
Evert Cup
1995 Lindsay Davenport
Lisa Raymond
Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Arantxa Sánchez
2–6, 6–4, 6–3
State Farm Evert Cup
1996 Chanda Rubin
Brenda Schultz-McCarthy
Julie Halard
Nathalie Tauziat
6–1, 6–4
↓  Tier I tournament  ↓
1997 Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
Lisa Raymond
Nathalie Tauziat
7–5, 6–2
1998 Lindsay Davenport
Natasha Zvereva
Alexandra Fusai
Nathalie Tauziat
6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1999 Martina Hingis
Anna Kournikova
Mary Joe Fernández
Jana Novotná
6–2, 6–2
Evert Cup (II)
2000 Lindsay Davenport
Corina Morariu
Anna Kournikova
Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–3
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Nicole Arendt
Ai Sugiyama
Virginia Ruano
Paola Suárez
6–4, 6–4
2002 Lisa Raymond
Rennae Stubbs
Elena Dementieva
Janette Husárová
7–5, 6–0
Pacific Life Open
2003 Lindsay Davenport
Lisa Raymond
Kim Clijsters
Ai Sugiyama
3–6, 6–4, 6–1
2004 Virginia Ruano
Paola Suárez
Svetlana Kuznetsova
Elena Likhovtseva
6–1, 6–2
2005 Virginia Ruano
Paola Suárez
Nadia Petrova
Meghann Shaughnessy
7–6(7–3), 6–1
2006 Lisa Raymond
Samantha Stosur
Virginia Ruano
Meghann Shaughnessy
6–2, 7–5
2007 Lisa Raymond
Samantha Stosur
Yung-Jan Chan
Chia-Jung Chuang
6–3, 7–5
2008 Dinara Safina
Elena Vesnina
Yan Zi
Zheng Jie
6–1, 1–6, [10–8]
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament  ↓
2009 Victoria Azarenka
Vera Zvonareva
Gisela Dulko
Shahar Pe'er
6–4, 3–6, [10–5]
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Květa Peschke
Katarina Srebotnik
Nadia Petrova
Samantha Stosur
6–4, 2–6, [10–5]
2011 Sania Mirza
Elena Vesnina
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Meghann Shaughnessy
6–0, 7–5
2012 Liezel Huber
Lisa Raymond
Sania Mirza
Elena Vesnina
6–2, 6–3
2013 Ekaterina Makarova
Elena Vesnina
Nadia Petrova
Katarina Srebotnik
6–0, 5–7, [10–6]
2014 Hsieh Su-wei
Peng Shuai
Cara Black
Sania Mirza
7–6(7–5), 6–2
2015 Martina Hingis
Sania Mirza
Ekaterina Makarova
Elena Vesnina
6–3, 6–4

References

  1. ^ http://www.bnpparibasopen.com/en/media-and-news/news/2015/03/22/top-15-moments-of-2015-tournament
  2. ^ http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=los+angeles,+ca&daddr=78200+Miles+Ave,+Indian+Wells,+CA+92210-6803&hl=en&geocode=%3BFdONAgIddlQR-SlBKJLsPvnagDH8PZ_i8BtwRA&mra=ls&sll=33.721805,-116.304789&sspn=0.008656,0.014656&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=8
  3. ^ http://www.iwtg.net/Site-Facts
  4. ^ "2014 Indian Wells Tennis Garden Expansion". ATP. March 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ Indian Wells Celebrates Thirty-Two Years of Champions
  6. ^ "The Long and Winding Road to Indian Wells". The Beverly Hills Courier. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Larry Ellison opens his wallet for Indian Wells event". USA Today. 13 March 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  8. ^ Charlie Pasarell and Co. keep tennis' desert palace glittering
  9. ^ BNP Paribas Open Announces Larry Ellison As New Owner
  10. ^ "Williams booed after Indian Wells win". CNN. 
  11. ^ "Racism charges swirl as Williams sisters advance". CNN. 
  12. ^ Williams, Serena (4 February 2015). "Serena Williams: I'm Returning to Indian Wells". Time. 
  13. ^ http://www.wtatennis.com/SEWTATour-Archive/posting/2015/609/MDS.pdf

External links

  • Official tournament website
  • Indian Wells Tennis Garden
  • Official Tourism Agency of the greater Palm Springs area: Information on hotels, restaurants and more
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
San Diego
Miami
Favorite WTA Tier I – II Tournament
1997
2005, 2006
Succeeded by
Toronto
Stuttgart
Preceded by
Stuttgart
(Tier I – II)
Favorite WTA Premier Tournament
2009
Succeeded by
Stuttgart

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