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Indigenous peoples in Uruguay

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Indigenous peoples in Uruguay

The last Charrúas.

Indigenous peoples in Uruguay, or Native Uruguayans, are practically extinct.[1]

Scholars do not agree about the first settlers in what is now Uruguay; but there is evidence that there was human presence some 10,000 years BCE, the Homo catalanensis culture. Indigenous Uruguayans disappeared in the 1830s, and with the exception of the Guaraní, little is known about these peoples, and even less about their genetic characteristics.[2]

The Charrúa peoples were perhaps the most-talked-about indigenous people of the Southern Cone in what was known as the Banda Oriental.[3] They were a semi-nomadic people that sustained themselves through fishing, hunting, and gathering.

Other significant tribes were the Minuane, Yaro, Güenoa, Chaná, Bohán, Arachán.

Languages once spoken in the area include Charrúa, Chaná, Güenoa, Guaraní.

Nowadays a minor percentage of Uruguayans have indigenous descent.[4][5] According to the 2011 Census, 2.4% of the population reported having indigenous ancestry.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ CIA - The World Factbook - Uruguay
  2. ^ http://www.academia.edu/1054837/The_last_Charr%C3%BAa_Indian_Uruguay_analysis_of_the_remains_of_Chief_Vaimaca_Per%C3%BA
  3. ^ Burford, Tim. Uruguay. Bucks, UK: Bradt Travel Guides, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84162-316-0.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links

  • (Spanish)
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