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Mauritian of Indian origin

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Title: Mauritian of Indian origin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Bhojpuri Boys, Mauritian of African origin, Mauritius
Collection: Asian Diaspora in Mauritius, Ethnic Groups in Mauritius, Indian Diaspora in Mauritius, Mauritian People of Indian Descent
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Mauritian of Indian origin

Indo-Mauritian
Total population
882,000[1]
Languages
Bhojpuri · Creole · English · French · Hindi · Marathi · Tamil · Telegu · Urdu
Religion
Hinduism, Islam, Others

Mauritian of Indian origin, also known as Indo-Mauritians, are Mauritians people whose ancestors are from India. They currently make up more than 68% of the Mauritian population.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Indian influence 3
  • Notable people 4
  • Sports 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes and references 7
    • Footnotes 7.1
    • Notations 7.2

History

Indians arrived in Mauritius to work as indentured labourers, commonly referred to as coolies in sugarcane fields. They arrived through various modes including slave ships probably of the British. Indentured laborers were mostly brought from Bihar, with a large number of Tamil and Telugu people amongst them. A sizeable portion of labourers were Marathi-speakers from Maharashtra. People from Gujarat later arrived as free immigrants.

In the late 19th to early 20th century, Chinese men in Mauritius married Indian women due to both a lack of Chinese women and higher numbers of Indian women on the island.[2][3] The 1921 census in Mauritius counted that Indian women there had a total of 148 children with Chinese men.[4][5][6] When the indenture system was abandoned, Indian immigrants had already formed the majority of the population of the island. There were later waves of immigrants to complement them.

Demographics

Today the population consists of mainly Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists and Bahais. The mother tongue of almost all Mauritians is the Mauritian Creole, while a minority of Indo-Mauritians still use both their ancestral language and Creole at home. Indo-Mauritian use their ancestral languages mostly in religious activities, some of them include Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, Marathi, Gujarati, Tamil and Telugu. Some Indian Muslims can also speak Arabic.

Indian influence

Indo-Mauritians have had an impact on Mauritian culture dominating the economic and political faces of the island. Mauritian politics have been historically dominated by the Indo-Mauritian community due to their majority as a whole on the electoral platform. All presidents except Karl Offmann and all prime ministers except for Paul Berenger have been members of the community. Most Hindu celebrations are public holidays. Indian influence is felt in religion, cuisine and arts. Indian influence is also felt on music wherein the island has its own groups of Bhojpuri and Tamil Sega. Indian films are also popular.

Notable people

Sports

Football is the most popular sport amongst Mauritians. Vikash Dhorasoo, who played for French football team, is of Indo-Mauritian origin.

See also

Notes and references

Footnotes

  1. ^ Government, India (2012). "Population of Non-resident indians country wise". 
  2. ^ Marina Carter, James Ng Foong Kwong (2009). Abacus and Mah Jong: Sino-Mauritian Settlement and Economic Consolidation. Volume 1 of European expansion and indigenous response, v. 1. BRILL. p. 199.  
  3. ^ Paul Younger Professor Emeritus of Religious Studies McMaster University (2009). New Homelands : Hindu Communities in Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad, South Africa, Fiji, and East Africa: Hindu Communities in Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad, South Africa, Fiji, and East Africa. Oxford University Press. p. 33.  
  4. ^ Huguette Ly-Tio-Fane Pineo, Edouard Lim Fat (2008). From alien to citizen: the integration of the Chinese in Mauritius. Éditions de l'océan Indien. p. 174.  
  5. ^ Huguette Ly Tio Fane-Pineo (1985). Chinese Diaspora in Western Indian Ocean. Ed. de l'océan indien. p. 287.  
  6. ^ "What Inter-Ethnic Marriage In Mauritius Tells Us About The Nature of Ethnicity". p. 16. Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 

Notations

  • Mauritius: History, Geography, Government, and Culture
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