World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Indonesian legislative election, 1971

Article Id: WHEBN0014826319
Reproduction Date:

Title: Indonesian legislative election, 1971  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Suara Karya, People's Consultative Assembly, Parkindo, Angkatan 66, Dwifungsi
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Indonesian legislative election, 1971

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Pancasila (national philosophy)
Foreign relations

Indonesia's second legislative election, and the first under the New Order regime, was held on July 3, 1971. There were 10 participants; 9 political parties and the "functional group" Golkar.


The symbols and ballot paper numbers of the organizations participating in the 1971 general election

Following the [1]

After a time with no word from the government concerning the forthcoming election, on October 22, 1968, the Sinar Harapan daily reported a statement by President Amirmachmud.[2] On September 23, 1970, the ballot paper numbers and electoral symbols for the 10 election participants were announced.[3]

Government Manipulation

Officials recording the votes cast for each party in the Operations Room at the Home Affairs Ministry on 2 August 1971

In order to weaken possible rivals to Golkar, the government manipulated the top two parties from the 1955 election, the Indonesian National Party and Parmusi (the successor to Masjumi following that party's banning in 1960) such that they lost credibility in the eyes of voters.[1] Given that the party that had come fourth, the Indonesian Communist Party, had been banned in the aftermath of the 30 September Movement coup attempt in 1965, that left only the Nahdatul Ulama as a major rival.[4]

Away from the political parties, civil servants were effectively obliged to vote Golkar and regional administrators were required to fulfill "quotas" of Golkar votes.[1]

The system of allocating seats was changed from that of the 1955 election to reduce the number of parties winning seats in the legislature. All seats were to be allocated in the regional electoral districts, rather than being divided up based on national results.[5]


A total of 6,000 tons of paper, 6 ships, 45,000 motor vehicles and 793,036 ballot boxes (lockable to ensure secrecy of the ballot) were needed for the election.[6]


Parties Votes % Seats
Golkar 34,348,673 62.80 236
Nahdatul Ulama (NU) 10,213,650 18.67 58
Indonesian National Party (Partai Nasional Indonesia) 3,793,266 6.94 20
Muslim Party of Indonesia (Partai Muslimin Indonesia) 2,930,746 5.36 24
Indonesian Islamic Union Party (PSII) (Partai Syarikat Islam Indonesia) 1,308,237 2.39 10
Indonesian Christian Party (Parkindo) (Partai Kristen Indonesia) 733,359 1.34 7
Catholic Party (Partai Katolik) 603,740 1.10 3
Islamic Educators Association (Perti) (Persatuan Tarbiah Islamiah) 381,309 0.69 2
League of Upholders of Indonesian Independence (IPKI) (Ikatan Pendukung Kemerdekaan Indonesia) 388,403 0.62 -
Murba Party (Partai Murba) (Murba means Musyawarah Rakyat Banyak) 48,126 0.09 -
Total counted 54,699,509 100% 360


  1. ^ a b c Schwartz (1994) p32
  2. ^ IKAPI (1972) p61
  3. ^ IKAPI (1972) p77
  4. ^ Ricklefs (1991)
  5. ^ Central Election Commission (2000)
  6. ^ IKAPI (1972) p79


  • IKAPI (Indonesian Student Press Association) (1972) Pemilihan Umum 1971 (1971 General Election) LPKP, Jakarta
  • KPU (General Elections Commission) (2000) Pemilu Indonesia dalam Angka dan Fakta: Tahun 1955-1999 (Indonesian Elections in Facts and Figures: 1955-1999, KPU Public Relations Bureau, Jakarta
  • Liddle, R. William (1994) Pemilu-Pemilu Orde Baru (Elections of the New Order), LP3ES, Jakarta ISBN 979-8015-88-6
  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A history of modern Indonesia since c.1200. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4480-7
  • Schwartz, Adam (1994) A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s, Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86373-635-2
  • Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia (1975) 30 Tahun Indonesia Merdeka: Jilid 3 (1965-1973) (30 Years of Indonesian Independence: Volume 3 (1965-1973)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.