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International Pentecostal Holiness Church

International Pentecostal Holiness Church
Classification Protestant
Orientation Pentecostal
Polity Connectionalism[1]
Leader Dr. A. Doug Beacham, Jr.
Associations
National Association of Evangelicals,
Pentecostal/Charismatic Churches of North America,
Pentecostal World Conference,
Christian Churches Together,
World Pentecostal Holiness Fellowship
Region Worldwide: divided into 28 regional conferences
Founder Abner Blackmon Crumpler, Benjamin H. Irwin
Origin 30 January 1911
Falcon, North Carolina
Merge of
Fire-Baptized Holiness Church and Pentecostal Holiness Church (1911),
Tabernacle Pentecostal Church (1915)
Separations
Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church (1918),
Congregational Holiness Church (1920)
Congregations 10,463
Members 3,410,890
Official website www.iphc.org
Statistics for 2000[2]

The International Pentecostal Holiness Church (IPHC) or simply Pentecostal Holiness Church (PHC) is a

  • Official Web Site

External links

  • Encyclopedia of American Religions, J. Gordon Melton, editor
  • Handbook of Denominations in the United States, by Frank S. Mead, Samuel S. Hill, and Craig D. Atwood

Further reading

  1. ^ a b Section IV. A. 1. "Organization in General", IPHC Manual 1993-1997, electronic edition.
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ p. 30
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b c d e f g
  8. ^
  9. ^ p. 466
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b c "Organizational Heritage", IPHC Manual 1993-1997, electronic edition.
  12. ^ p. 62
  13. ^ p. 110
  14. ^ p. 111
  15. ^ p. 119
  16. ^
  17. ^ p. 798
  18. ^ p. 467
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ "Pentecostal Holiness Church", Encyclopedia of Religion in the South, Samuel S. Hill, editor.
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ IPHC, Centennial Home, accessed June 2, 2011.
  31. ^ a b International Pentecostal Holiness Church, Our Beliefs. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  32. ^ a b
  33. ^ p. 800
  34. ^
  35. ^ "8. Justification by Faith", Our Beliefs. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  36. ^ "9. Cleansing", Our Beliefs. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  37. ^ "10. Sanctification", Our Beliefs. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  38. ^ "11. The Baptism With the Holy Ghost and Speaking With Other Tongues", Our Beliefs. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  39. ^ "12. Divine Healing", Our Beliefs. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  40. ^
  41. ^ "13. The Second Coming of Jesus", Our Beliefs. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  42. ^ Section IV. B. "Duties of the Pastor", IPHC Manual 1993-1997, electronic edition.
  43. ^ Section IV. E. "Officials of the Local Church", IPHC Manual 1993-1997, electronic edition.
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
The IPHC has five affiliated institutions of higher education and operates several charitable organizations. The IPHC colleges are

Educational and charitable institutions

The General Conference is the highest administrative body in the church. Under it are regional, annual, district, and missionary conferences.[32] When the General Conference is out of session, the General Board of Administration acts as the church's governing body. In the IPHC, the terms "bishop" and "superintendent" are used interchangeably. The church recognizes the biblical office of bishop but does not believe in an historical episcopate or adhere to the doctrine of apostolic succession.[45] The General Superintendent and Presiding Bishop, Dr. A. Doug Beacham, Jr., was elected in 2012.[46]

Geographically, churches are organized into conferences led by conference superintendents. In their spiritual roles, superintendents function as bishops, and in their administrative roles they act as chief executive officers of their conference. All conference leaders are elected by their local conference but are accountable to the General Superintendent.[44]

Pentecostal Holiness congregations are self-governing in local affairs and are led by pastors. The pastor preaches, administers the ordinances, and promotes the "spiritual welfare" of congregants.[42] Furthermore, the pastor is the chairman of the church board. Other than the pastor, the church board consists of deacons and a secretary/treasurer elected by the church members.[43] The board is accountable to the pastor and church members, and pastors are accountable to the quadrennial conferences.

Reflecting its Methodist heritage, the IPHC is governed under the principles of connectionalism, a mixed system of episcopal and congregational polity.[1] Authority in the church is shared between local churches, quadrennial conferences, and the General Conference.

Structure

The PHC believes in the imminent, personal, premillennial second coming of Jesus Christ. It will occur in two stages: the first stage will be the rapture of the saints before the Tribulation, and the second stage will be at the end of the Tribulation when Christ will return to defeat the Antichrist, judge the nations of the world, and begin his millennial reign.[41]

Second Coming

The PHC believes that "provision was made in the atonement for the healing of our bodies".[39] Congregations will pray for the healing of sick people and church elders will lay hands on and anoint the person being prayed over. While in its early years the Pentecostal Holiness were against receiving medical care, emphasizing divine healing, that is not the case today. The church teaches that Christians should believe in divine healing but also teaches that medical knowledge comes to humanity through God's grace.[40]

Divine healing

The Pentecostal Holiness Church distinguishes the initial evidence of Spirit baptism - which all believers experience when Spirit baptized - from the gift of tongues, which is not given to every Spirit-filled believer. Speaking in tongues is only the first sign of Spirit baptism. Other evidence that will follow Spirit baptism include: the fruit of the Spirit, power to witness for Christ, and power to endure the testings of faith and the oppositions of the world. Besides speaking in tongues, other spiritual gifts recorded in the Bible (specifically in 1 Corinthians 12, 13, and 14) are encouraged to operate in Pentecostal Holiness congregations for the edification of the Body of Christ.[38]

As a Pentecostal church, the PHC believes the "baptism with the Holy Ghost and fire is obtainable by a definite act of appropriating faith on the part of the fully cleansed believer." Spirit baptism is available to all believers and provides empowerment to witness for Christ. To receive the baptism, a person must have a "clean heart and life" and to "live in the fullness of the Holy Spirit's power and possession, one must continue to live a clean and consecrated life, free from sin, strife, worldliness, and pride, and must avoid attitudes and actions that tend to 'grieve' or 'quench' the Holy Spirit."

Baptism with the Holy Spirit

As a holiness church, the PHC believes that for the Christian there is not only justification and forgiveness for actual transgressions but also "complete cleansing of the justified believer from all indwelling sin and from its pollution."[36] This cleansing is not "maturity" but a "crisis experience" and a "definite, instantaneous work of grace, obtainable by faith." The church recognizes that there is maturity and growth in the life of the believer, but states that "we must get into this grace before we can grow in it." The sanctified life is described as "one of separation from the world, a selfless life, a life of devotion to all the will of God, a life of holiness ... a life controlled by 'perfect love' which 'casteth out fear.'" The Pentecostal Holiness Church specifically rejects absolute perfection, angelic perfection, and sinless perfection—terms that imply that it is impossible for a sanctified believer to commit sin.[37]

Sanctification

The Pentecostal Holiness Church believes that no amount of good works can achieve justification or salvation. This is achieved only "on the basis of our faith in the shed blood, the resurrection, and the justifying righteousness" of Christ. Good works, however, are a product of salvation. "When we believe on Jesus Christ as our Savior, our sins are pardoned, we are justified, and we enter a state of righteousness, not our own, but His, both imputed and imparted".[35]

Justification by faith

Since the adoption of the article of faith on the baptism of the Holy Spirit in 1908, the Pentecostal Holiness Church has taught the following beliefs as their five cardinal doctrines: justification by faith, entire sanctification, the baptism in the Holy Spirit evidenced by speaking in tongues, Christ's atonement (including divine healing), and the premillennial second coming of Christ.[33][34]

Cardinal doctrines

The IPHC believes in common sins, his resurrection and ascension to heaven, the inerrancy of the Bible, a literal belief in heaven and hell, and the responsibility of every believer to carry out the Great Commission. The church holds water baptism and communion (open communion observed quarterly) to be divine ordinances. Though not considered an ordinance, some of the churches also engage in the practice of feet washing. In baptism ceremonies, the church allows its members to "have the right of choice between the various modes as practised by the several evangelical denominations", including infant baptism.[32]

The doctrine of the Pentecostal Holiness Church is articulated in the Apostles' Creed and the Articles of Faith.[31] The Articles were placed in their present form in 1945. The first four articles are essentially the same as the first four Articles of Religion of the Methodist Church.[31]

Doctrine

In January 2011, the PHC celebrated the 1911 merger centennial with special events at Falcon, North Carolina.[30]

In 2000, the IPHC reported 10,463 churches and over a million members worldwide (over 3.4 million including affiliates).[2] In 2006, membership in the United States was 308,510 in 1,965 churches.[29] There were 28 regional conferences and missionaries in more than 90 nations. International offices were once located in Franklin Springs, Georgia, but are now located in Bethany, Oklahoma, a suburb of Oklahoma City.

The largest Pentecostal Holiness churches in the United States include The Gate Church in Oklahoma City, pastored by Tony Miller; Northwood Temple in Fayetteville, North Carolina, pastored by John Hedgepeth; Evangelistic Temple in Tulsa, Oklahoma, pastored by Norman Wilkie; Life Christian Center in Oklahoma City, pastored by Dwight Burchett; Christian Heritage Church in Tallassee, Florida, pastored by Steve Dow; Redemption World Outreach Center in Greenville, South Carolina, pastored by Ron Carpenter, Jr.; and World Agape Mission Church in Los Angeles, pastored by John Kim.[7]

Recent history

In the 1960s, the Pentecostal Holiness Church began to branch out beyond the United States by affiliating with sister Pentecostal bodies in other parts of the world. In 1967, an affiliation was formed with the Pentecostal Methodist Church of Brazil. A Neo-Pentecostal body with roots in the Brazilian Methodist Church, the Wesleyan Church numbered some 50,000 members and adherents in 1995.[7] The word International was added to the church's name in 1975.[7]

The Pentecostal Holiness Church was a charter member of the National Association of Evangelicals in 1943 and joined the Pentecostal Fellowship of North America in 1948. At the general conference a year later an attempt at merging with the mostly black United Holy Church failed when the United Holy Church asked if their members could attend the church's schools and colleges.[27]

Further development

In 1918, several PHC members who wanted stricter standards concerning dress, amusements, tobacco, and association between the sexes withdrew to form the Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church.[26] In 1920, another schism came into the Pentecostal Holiness Church over divine healing and the use of medicine. Some pastors believed that while divine healing was provided in the atonement, Christians still had the right to turn to medicine and doctors. The majority of the church--as did many Pentecostals of the time--believed in trusting God for healing without turning to earthly means. The minority withdrew and formed the Congregational Holiness Church in 1921.[7]

[25] Following the 1911 merger, the Tabernacle Pentecostal Church, originally the Brewerton

The Fire-Baptized Holiness Association also embraced Pentecostalism around the same time, taking the line that the baptism in the Holy Spirit was the "baptism of fire" that it had been seeking. Given the similarities in doctrine and geographic reach with the Pentecostal Holiness Church, the two groups began talks on a merger. The two groups merged on January 30, 1911, at the Falcon Tabernacle in Falcon, North Carolina. The new denomination took the name of the smaller of the two, Pentecostal Holiness Church.[21] S.D. Page was elected the first General Superintendent.[22]

The octagonal Falcon Tabernacle was the site of the 1911 merger.

Mergers and schisms

The PHC Foreign Mission Board was formed in 1904, and its members were all women.[19] In 1907, Tom J. McIntosh, a PHC member, traveled to China and may have been the first Pentecostal missionary to reach that nation.[20]

This is apparently the first official Pentecostal doctrinal statement adopted by a church in the United States.[17] As a further sign of its new identity, the word "Pentecostal" was once again added to the denomination's name in 1909.[18]

We believe the pentecostal baptism of the Holy Ghost and fire is obtainable by a definite act of appropriating faith on the part of the fully cleansed believer, and the initial evidence of the reception of this experience is speaking with other tongues as the Spirit gives utterance (Luke 11:13; Acts 1:5; 2:1-4; 8:17; 10:44-46; 19:6).[16]

The influence of the Pentecostal renewal grew while, at the same time, the leader and founder of the church, Abner Crumpler, though willing to accept speaking in tongues, did not accept the idea that it was the initial evidence of the baptism of the Holy Spirit.[7] At the annual conference of 1908, Crumpler was re-elected president of the body; however, with a majority of the delegates having experienced tongues, he permanently disaffiliated himself from the church.[15] After Crumpler's departure, the conference added an article to the statement of faith, recognizing tongues as the initial evidence:

Gaston B. Cashwell, a minister of the Methodist Church, joined Crumpler's group in 1903. He became a leading figure in the church and the Pentecostal movement on the east coast.[14] In 1906, he traveled to Los Angeles to visit the Pentecostal revival at the Azusa Street mission. While there he professed having received the baptism in the Holy Spirit and the evidence of speaking in tongues. Upon returning to Dunn, North Carolina, in December 1906, Cashwell preached the Pentecost experience in the local holiness church.

The first convention was held at [11] The church had congregations outside of North Carolina as well, principally in South Carolina and Virginia.

The first congregation to carry the name Pentecostal Holiness Church was formed in [11]

Pentecostal Holiness of North Carolina

The oldest group that is part of the foundation of the Pentecostal Holiness Church originated in 1895 as the Fire-Baptized Holiness Association in Olmitz, [10]

Fire-Baptized Holiness

In 1894, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South adopted a statement which opposed the growing holiness movement in the church. Within a decade about 25 new holiness groups, including the Pentecostal Holiness Church, came into existence.[8]

Origins

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • Origins 1.1
      • Fire-Baptized Holiness 1.1.1
      • Pentecostal Holiness of North Carolina 1.1.2
    • Mergers and schisms 1.2
    • Further development 1.3
    • Recent history 1.4
  • Doctrine 2
    • Cardinal doctrines 2.1
      • Justification by faith 2.1.1
      • Sanctification 2.1.2
      • Baptism with the Holy Spirit 2.1.3
      • Divine healing 2.1.4
      • Second Coming 2.1.5
  • Structure 3
  • Educational and charitable institutions 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Several ministers who were raised in the Pentecostal Holiness Church have come to have greater name recognition than the church itself, such as Oral Roberts, an internationally known charismatic evangelist; Charles Stanley, a former president of the Southern Baptist Convention; and C.M. Ward, a former Assemblies of God radio preacher.[7]

Heavily influenced by two major American revival movements—the holiness movement of the late 19th century and the Pentecostal revival of the early 20th century[4]—the church's theological roots derive from John Wesley's teachings on sanctification.[5][6]

[2]

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