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International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

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Title: International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea  
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Subject: Greenpeace Arctic Sunrise ship case, Sivakant Tiwari, Spratly Islands dispute, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Outline of the United Nations
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International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

International Tribunal
for the Law of the Sea

Tribunal international du
droit de la mer
Official logo
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  • Dark blue: States with judges in the ITLOS.
  • Dark green: States formerly with judges in the ITLOS.
  • Light green: Other UNCLOS parties.
Seat Hamburg, Germany
Judges from 21 nations
 -  President Vladimir V. Golitsyn
 -  Vice President Boualem Bouguetaia
 -  UNCLOS adopted 10 December 1982 
 -  UNCLOS in force 16 November 1994 
ITLOS seen from Elbchaussee, close to the River Elbe.

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. It was established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, signed at Montego Bay, Jamaica, on December 10, 1982. The Convention entered into force on November 16, 1994, and established an international framework for law over "all ocean space, its uses and resources". The tribunal is based in Hamburg, Germany. The Convention also established the International Seabed Authority, with responsibility for the regulation of seabed mining beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, that is beyond the limits of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone and the continental shelf.

The Tribunal has the power to settle disputes between party states (there are currently 167: 166 states plus the European Union).


According to its founding statute, the Tribunal has a set of 21 serving judges from a variety of states parties.

At the request of Chile and the European Union, the Tribunal set up a special chamber composed of 5 judges to deal with the Case concerning the Conservation and Sustainable Exploitation of Swordfish Stocks in the

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