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Iowa's 4th congressional district

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Title: Iowa's 4th congressional district  
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Iowa's 4th congressional district

Iowa's 4th congressional district
Iowa's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Iowa's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Steve King (RKiron)
Distribution 50.58% urban, 49.42% rural
Population (2000) 585,305[1]
Median income $38,242[1]
Ethnicity 95.8% White, 0.8% Black, 1.1% Asian, 2.5% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American
Cook PVI R+4[2]

Iowa's 4th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Iowa that covers the northwest part of the state. The district includes Sioux City, Ames, Mason City, Fort Dodge, and Boone.

The district is currently represented by Republican Steve King.

Contents

  • History 1
  • List of representatives 2
  • Historical Election Results 3
  • Recent Election Results 4
    • 2002 4.1
    • 2004 4.2
    • 2006 4.3
    • 2008 4.4
    • 2010 4.5
    • 2012 4.6
  • Living former Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa's 4th congressional district 5
  • Historical district boundaries 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8

History

Since the 1880s, there have been major changes in the location or nature of Iowa's 4th Congressional District. From 1886 until 1941, the district was made up of largely rural counties in northeastern Iowa, including the easternmost five counties in the northernmost two rows[3] (and, during the 1930s, Buchanan and Delaware counties from the third row).[4] During that era, the district included areas from Mason City east to the Mississippi River.

In 1941, Iowa's 5th Congressional District (made up of rural counties in southern Iowa) was renumbered as Iowa's 4th Congressional District, and counties in the old 4th District were placed in the 3rd District and the 2nd District.[5] (In 1942, 4th District incumbent, Henry O. Talle, would defeat the 2nd District incumbent William S. Jacobsen in the new 2nd Congressional District). From 1941 until 1960 the 4th Congressional District included the central five counties of each of the two southernmost tiers, plus four counties between Des Moines and Iowa City (Mahaska, Keokuk, Jasper and Poweshiek).[5] Because the new 4th Congressional District was identical to the old 5th Congressional District, 5th District incumbent Republican U.S. Representative Karl M. LeCompte, was elected in 1942 and in the next seven races. In 1958, when LeCompte did not run, Democrat Steven V. Carter defeated Republican John Kyl. A recurrence of cancer would claim Carter's life before the end of his only term, and Kyl won the special election and next general election. In 1961 the 4th Congressional District was expanded to include five central Iowa counties - Warren, Marion, Marshall, Tama and Benton[6] - but retained its rural character. Except for the 1964 election, Kyl won each race during this period.

The rural character of the district was changed when most of its territory was merged with the Des Moines-based 5th District of Democratic incumbent Neal Smith after the 1970 census. Polk County (home to Des Moines and most of its suburbs) was added, while most of the rural counties were taken out.[7] Smith defeated Kyl in the 1972 congressional election. The district became even less rural in 1981, when Story County (home of Ames) was added, and other rural counties were taken out.[8] Smith would hold the seat until his 1994 defeat by Republican Greg Ganske.

The 2001 remap made the 4th district a north-central Iowa district. It could not be said to be the successor of any of the previous districts. It was a primarily rural district, though it included Ames and Mason City. It did not include any of the state's nine largest cities, and only four of the twenty largest Iowa cities.[9] The plan went into effect in 2003 for the 108th U.S. Congress. The prior redistricting plan was effective from 1993-2003.[10]

For the 2012 elections, the Iowa Legislature passed a plan that went into effect in 2013 for the 113th U.S. Congress. The prior redistricting plan was effective from 2003-2013. The district now covers the northwest corner of the state, and contains most of the territory that had been in the 5th district prior to redistricting.

List of representatives

Representative Party Term District Residence Note
District created
March 4, 1863
Josiah B. Grinnell Republican March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1867
William Loughridge Republican March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1871
Madison M. Walden Republican March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873
Henry O. Pratt Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1877
Nathaniel C. Deering Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1883
Luman H. Weller Greenback March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
William E. Fuller Republican March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1889
Joseph H. Sweney Republican March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1891
Walter H. Butler Democratic March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893
Thomas Updegraff Republican March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1899
Gilbert N. Haugen Republican March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1933
Fred Biermann Democratic March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1939
Henry O. Talle Republican January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1943 Redistricted to the 2nd district
Karl M. Le Compte Republican January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1959 Redistricted from the 5th district
Steven V. Carter Democratic January 3, 1959 – November 4, 1959 Died
Vacant
November 4, 1959 - December 15, 1959
John H. Kyl Republican December 15, 1959 – January 3, 1965
Bert Bandstra Democratic January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1967
John H. Kyl Republican January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1973
Neal E. Smith Democratic January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1995 Redistricted from the 5th district
Greg Ganske Republican January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2003
Tom Latham Republican January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013 Redistricted from the 5th district
Redistricted to the 3rd district
Steve King Republican January 3, 2013 – Present Kiron Redistricted from the 5th district

Historical Election Results

Year[11] Party Affiliation Winner Number of Votes Party Affiliation Loser Number of Votes Percentage of Votes
1920 Republican Gilbert N. Haugen 53,083 Democrat Carl Evans 18,104 75% - 25%
1922 Republican Gilbert N. Haugen 32,586 Democrat A. M. Schanke 24,532 57% - 43%
1924 Republican Gilbert N. Haugen 50,850 Democrat J. M. Berry 20,636 71% - 29%
1926 Republican Gilbert N. Haugen 30,611 Democrat Frank E. Howard 20,076 60% - 40%
1928 Republican Gilbert N. Haugen 50,488 Democrat Erwin Larson 31,968 61% - 39%
1930 Republican Gilbert N. Haugen 29,224 Democrat Wilbur L. Peck 20,236 59% - 41%
1932 Democrat Fred Bierman 62,598 Republican Gilbert N. Haugen 42,207 59% - 41%
1934 Democrat Fred Bierman 49,504 Republican C. A. Benson 43,794 52% - 46%
1936 Democrat Fred Bierman 56,308 Republican Henry O. Talle 51,805 51% - 47%
1938 Republican Henry O. Talle 48,640 Democrat Fred Bierman 44,601 52% - 48%
1940 Republican Henry O. Talle 66,691 Democrat Morgan J. McEnaney 51,558 56% - 44%
1942 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 52,258 Democrat Thomas L. Curran 28,745 65% - 35%
1944 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 59,658 Democrat Harold J. Fleck 49,098 55% - 45%
1946 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 43,753 Democrat A. E. Augustine 31,203 58% - 42%
1948 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 53,384 Democrat Steven V. Carter 49,894 52% - 48%
1950 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 51,168 Democrat Steven V. Carter 38,649 57% - 43%
1952 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 73,317 Democrat Earl E. Glassburner 44,900 62% - 38%
1954 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 49,608 Democrat Herschel C. Loveless 39,652 56% - 44%
1956 Republican Karl M. LeCompte 58,024 Democrat Steven V. Carter 56,406 51% - 49%
1958 Democrat Steven V. Carter 42,479 Republican John Kyl 39,233 52% - 48%
1960 Republican John Kyl 65,016 Democrat C. Edwin Gilmour 49,918 57% - 43%
1962 Republican John Kyl 65,538 Democrat Gene W. Glenn 51,810 56% - 44%
1964 Democrat Bert Bandstra 85,518 Republican John Kyl 73,898 54% - 46%
1966 Republican John Kyl 65,259 Democrat Bert Bandstra 61,074 52% - 48%
1968 Republican John Kyl 83,259 Democrat Bert Bandstra 71,134 54% - 46%
1970 Republican John Kyl 59,396 Democrat Roger Blobaum 49,369 55% - 45%
1972 Democrat Neal Smith 123,431 Republican John Kyl 85,156 59% - 41%
1974 Democrat Neal Smith 91,755 Republican Chuck Dick 53,756 61% - 35%
1976 Democrat Neal Smith 145,343 Republican Charles E. Minor 65,013 69% - 31%
1978 Democrat Neal Smith 88,526 Republican Charles E. Minor 48,308 65% - 35%
1980 Democrat Neal Smith 117,896 Republican Donald C. Young 100,335 54% - 36%
1982 Democrat Neal Smith 118,849 Republican Dave Readinger 60,534 66% - 34%
1984 Democrat Neal Smith 136,922 Republican Robert R. Lockard 88,717 61% - 39%
1986 Democrat Neal Smith 107,271 Republican Robert R. Lockard 49,641 68% - 32%
1988 Democrat Neal Smith 157,065 Republican Paul Lunde 62,056 72% - 28%
1990 Democrat Neal Smith 127,812 Republican N/A 2,778 98% - 2%
1992 Democrat Neal Smith 158,610 Republican Paul Lunde 94,045 62% - 37%
1994 Republican Greg Ganske 111,935 Democrat Neal Smith 98,824 53% - 46%
1996 Republican Greg Ganske 133,419 Democrat Connie McBurney 119,790 52% - 47%
1998 Republican Greg Ganske 129,942 Democrat Jon Dvorak 67,550 65% - 34%
2000 Republican Greg Ganske 169,267 Democrat Michael L. Huston 101,112 61% - 37%
2002 Republican Tom Latham 115,430 Democrat John Norris 90,784 55% - 43%
2004 Republican Tom Latham 181,294 Democrat Paul W. Johnson 116,121 61% - 39%
2006 Republican Tom Latham 120,512 Democrat Selden Spencer 89,994 57% - 43%
2008 Republican Tom Latham 184,529 Democrat Becky Greenwald 119,927 60% - 39%
2010 Republican Tom Latham 152,588 Democrat Bill Maske 74,300 64% - 31%

Recent Election Results

2002

Iowa's 4th Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Latham* 115,430 54.77
Democratic John Norris 90,784 43.07
Libertarian Terry L. Wilson 2,952 1.40
Independent Jim Hennager 1,544 0.73
No party Others 64 0.03%
Total votes 210,774 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold
  • NOTE: Jim Hennager ran on the Earth Federation Party platform on the ballot.

2004

Iowa's 4th Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Latham* 181,294 60.93
Democratic Paul W. Johnson 116,121 39.02
No party Others 151 0.05%
Total votes 297,566 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

2006

Iowa's 4th Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Latham* 121,650 57.19
Democratic Selden Spencer 90,982 42.77
No party Others 98 0.05%
Total votes 212,730 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

2008

Iowa's 4th Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Latham* 185,458 60.53
Democratic Becky Greenwald 120,746 39.41
No party Others 197 0.06%
Total votes 306,401 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

2010

Iowa's 4th Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Latham* 152,588 65.62
Democratic Bill Maske 74,300 31.95
Independent Dan Lensing 5,499 2.37
No party Others 132 0.06%
Total votes 232,519 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

2012

Iowa's 4th Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve King* 200,063 51.69
Democratic Christie Vilsack 169,470 43.78
Independent Martin James Monroe 8,124 2.10
No party Others 226 %
Total votes 387,079 100.00
Voter turnout %
Republican hold

Living former Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa's 4th congressional district

As of May 2015, four former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa's 4th congressional district are alive.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Neal Edward Smith 1973-1995 (1920-03-23) March 23, 1920
Greg Ganske 1995–2003 (1949-03-31) March 31, 1949
Tom Latham 2003–2013 (1948-07-14) July 14, 1948

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Washington Post page on the 4th District of Iowa
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  3. ^ "The Congressional Districts," Waterloo Courier, 1886-04-14 at 4; Iowa's Official Register (1930).
  4. ^ Iowa's Official Register, 1933-34, at 6.
  5. ^ a b Iowa's Official Register, 1943-1944, at 15.
  6. ^ "Another redrawing," Ames Daily Tribune, 1970-07-07 at 4.
  7. ^ Iowa Official Register, 1973-74, at 30.
  8. ^ Iowa Official Register, 1983-84, at 46.
  9. ^ Iowa League of Cities,Population of Iowa Cities of 8,000 or More, accessed 2008-07-27.
  10. ^ "2001 Iowa Redistricting Plan,". 2001. 
  11. ^ "Election Statistics,". 2005. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present


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