World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Irama

Article Id: WHEBN0004984553
Reproduction Date:

Title: Irama  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gamelan, Gamelan Gadhon, Saron (instrument), Kenong, Gong ageng
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Irama

Number of saron panerus notes per saron note in each irama.[1]

"Irama" is the term used for tempo in gamelan. It can be used with elaborating instruments. It is a concept used in Javanese gamelan music,[2] describing melodic tempo and relationships in density between the balungan, elaborating instruments, and gong structure.[3] It is distinct from tempo (Javanese: Laya), as each Irama can be played in different tempi.[4][5] Irama thus combines "the rate of temporal flow and temporal density"; and the temporal density is the primary factor.[6]

One way to think of Irama is to use the most consistently struck instrument in the gamelan, the saron panerus (or peking). In some pieces, it plays once per note in the balungan (such as played by the saron barung). In others, it may play twice as often, or four times, as the notes of the balungan are more spread out. This corresponds to a slower Irama. In most cases, the more spread out the balungan is, the longer it takes to reach a gong ageng.[7]

There are five Irama:[2]

Irama number Irama name Saron panerus beats per balungan note
1/2 Irama lancar 1
I Irama tanggung 2
II Irama dados (or dadi) 4
III Irama wilet 8
IV Irama rangkep 16

In slower Irama, there is more space to be filled, and typically elaborating instruments become more important.

Each Irama can be played in three Laya ("tempi"):

  • Seseg ("fast"),
  • Sedeng ("medium")
  • Tamban ("slow").

Frequently, a change of Laya signals a new section.

Bibliography

  • Spiller, Henry. Gamelan: the traditional sounds of Indonesia. ABC-Clio, 2004. ISBN 978-1-85109-506-3
  • Sumarsan. Gamelan: cultural interaction and musical development in central Java. University of Chicago Press, 2nd Edition, 1996. ISBN 978-0-226-78011-5

References

  1. ^ Lindsay, Jennifer (1992). Javanese Gamelan, p.54. ISBN 0-19-588582-1.
  2. ^ a b Peeters, Geoffroy. "The Javanese Gamelan". The Javanese Gamelan. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  3. ^ Spiller, 2004.
  4. ^ Sumarsam (2008). "Gamelan of Central Java". Gamelan of Central Java – XII. PANGKUR ONE. Yantra Productions (gamelan.to). Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  5. ^ Jordan, Bern (May 25, 2002). "Javanese Gamelan". Javanese Gamelan: Glossary. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  6. ^ Sumarsan, 1996. page 156
  7. ^ Guberman, Daniel. "Gamelan Nyai Saraswati". Introduction to the Peking. University of North Carolina. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.