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Islam in Hong Kong

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Title: Islam in Hong Kong  
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Subject: Islam in China, Islam by country, Islam in Iran, Ibrahim Mosque, Chai Wan Mosque
Collection: Islam in Asia by City, Islam in Hong Kong, Religion in Hong Kong
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Islam in Hong Kong

Jamia Mosque, the first mosque in Hong Kong

Islam is practised in Hong Kong by about 300,000 Muslims.[1][2] About 20,000[3] of the Muslim families in Hong Kong are 'local boy' families, Muslims of mixed Chinese and South Asian ancestry descended from early Muslim South Asian immigrants who took local Chinese wives and brought their children up as Muslims.[4][5] Hui Muslims from Mainland China also played a role in the development of Islam in Hong Kong, such as Kasim Tuet from Guangzhou, one of the pioneers of Muslim education in the city, for who the Islamic Kasim Tuet Memorial College is named.[6] In the new millennium, the largest number of Muslims in the territory are Indonesian, in which most of them are female foreign domestic workers. They account for over 120,000 of Hong Kong's Muslim population.[7]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Contemporary Islam in Hong Kong 2
    • Food 2.1
    • Finance 2.2
    • Education 2.3
    • Social challenges 2.4
  • Mosques 3
    • Jamia Mosque 3.1
    • Kowloon Mosque 3.2
    • Ammar Mosque 3.3
    • Chai Wan Mosque 3.4
    • Stanley Mosque 3.5
    • Ibrahim Mosque 3.6
  • Organisations 4
    • Incorporated Trustees of the Islamic Community Fund of Hong Kong 4.1
    • Islamic Cultural Association (Hong Kong) 4.2
    • Hong Kong Islamic Youth Association 4.3
    • IFSA 4.4
    • United Welfare Union Hong Kong Limited 4.5
    • Others 4.6
  • Muslim cemeteries 5
    • Chai Wan Muslim Cemetery 5.1
    • Happy Valley Muslim Cemetery 5.2
  • People 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

The history of Muslims in Hong Kong started since the British Hong Kong government period. The first Muslim settlers in Hong Kong were of Indian origin, in which some of them were soldiers. From the mid 19th century onwards, more and more soldiers and businessmen arrived in Hong Kong from South Asia and Mainland China. As the number of them increased, the British Hong Kong government allocated land for them to build their communities and facilities, such as mosques and cemeteries. The British government respected the rights of those Muslim communities by giving them aid. [8][9]

Contemporary Islam in Hong Kong

Food

Hong Kong Halal restaurant

Over the past few years, there has been an increasing number of Halal restaurants to cater for Muslim dietary needs, as well as supermarkets selling more and more Halal products. In 2010, there were only 14 Halal restaurants, but after a year the number had jumped three times.[10]

Finance

There has been a plan by HSBC to implement the Islamic finance system in Hong Kong, although the realisation has yet to be waited. In 2007, the HK Islamic Index was established by Arab Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Hong Kong to support Hong Kong's ambitions to develop into an Islamic financial centre. In the same year, Financial Secretary John Tsang announced a plan to capture part of the world's Islamic finance pie, which is worth around US$1.3 trillion. Hang Seng Bank has issued a retail Islamic fund in November 2007.[11]

Education

Islamic Dharwood Pau Memorial Primary School

Until January 2010, Hong Kong has 29 Islamic schools, scattered around Kowloon and New Territories. The development of those schools have been remarkably fast.[12]

Some of the Islamic educational institutes:

Social challenges

Due to the limited lunch break time on Friday for working-class people in Hong Kong, Friday prayers are often held in a relatively short time. Muslims may also find difficulties in finding suitable place to pray at work or in school. Due to the absence of mosques in New Territories, Muslims living there may find it hard to go to Hong Kong's current six mosques due to their location in Kowloon or Hong Kong Island. Some of them rent flats and turn them into prayer rooms to serve Muslims living around the area. There are currently eight flats in Hong Kong being turned into prayer rooms.[13]

Mosques

Muslim prayer section of multifaith prayer room at Hong Kong International Airport.
Kowloon Mosque, the largest mosque in Hong Kong.

There are currently six principal mosques in Hong Kong that are used daily for prayers. Hong Kong's 7th mosque, the Sheung Shui Mosque is currently under construction in New Territories.[8] Beside mosques, there are many Muslim prayer halls scattered around Hong Kong.

Jamia Mosque

The oldest is the Jamia Mosque on Hong Kong Island, which was built in the 1840s and rebuilt in 1915. The first Imam was Al Haaj Abul Habib Syed Mohammed Noor Shah, from 1914 to 1946.

Kowloon Mosque

The Kowloon Mosque in Nathan Road, opened in 1984, can accommodate about 3,500 worshipers. It is the largest mosque in Hong Kong.

Ammar Mosque

The Ammar Mosque at Oi Kwan Road in Wan Chai was opened in September 1981 and can accommodate a congregation of 700 to 1,500 people, depending on the requirements.

Chai Wan Mosque

Chai Wan Mosque is located at the Cape Collinson Muslim Cemetery.

Stanley Mosque

Stanley Mosque is located in the Stanley Prison.

Ibrahim Mosque

Ibrahim Mosque is located in the Yau Ma Tei was opened in November 2013

Organisations

Incorporated Trustees of the Islamic Community Fund of Hong Kong

Incorporated Trustees of the Islamic Community Fund of Hong Kong headquarter at Ammar Mosque

The Incorporated Trustees of the Islamic Community Fund of Hong Kong (Ammar Mosque.

Islamic Cultural Association (Hong Kong)

The Islamic Cultural Association (Hong Kong) (ICA; Hong Kong Trade Development Council, one of Asia's largest book fair.

Hong Kong Islamic Youth Association

The Hong Kong Islamic Youth Association (HKIYA; Islamic preaching. The association is also based at the Ammar Mosque.[8]

IFSA

www.ifsa.org.hk Contact Mr. Pervez Akhter Tel: 852 98227549 The IFSA is the first to organise Quranic competitions between Hong Kong boys and girls, and made Quranic awareness between Muslim youth as well as the whole community.

United Welfare Union Hong Kong Limited

United Welfare Union Hong Kong Limited is manages the Ibrahim Mosque in Ya Ma Tei and two other centres at present. Based in Hong Kong and are registered as Charitable Organization by the Hong Kong Government.

Others[15][16]

Muslim cemeteries

Sign to Chai Wan Muslim Cemetery
Happy Valley Muslim Cemetery

There are two Muslim cemeteries in Hong Kong which are managed by Incorporated Trustees of the Islamic Community Fund of Hong Kong, which are:

Chai Wan Muslim Cemetery

The Chai Wan Muslim Cemetery is located in Cape Collinson, Chai Wan. The cemetery was established in 1963 with its distinctive features of its lush green mountains in its surroundings and the Chai Wan Mosque. The maintenance cost of the cemetery is borne by the trustees through burial fees. The maintenance works consist of cleaning and safeguarding the pathways, repairing and maintaining the cemetery slope and clearing natural vegetation when required. On 17 May 2010, the Advisory Board of Antiques and Monuments Office designated the cemetery as Grade 3 historic building.

Happy Valley Muslim Cemetery

The Happy Valley Muslim Cemetery is located in Happy Valley. According to the official data in the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department, the first burial at the cemetery was done in 1828. On 15 July 1870, a deed of appropriation was issued by the British Hong Kong government for the area around the present-day Happy Valley Muslim Cemetery to be used as burial ground for Muslims.[18]

People

Maulana Qari Muhammad Tayaib Qasmi is an Islamic scholar who has lived in Hong Kong since 1989. He served as a Chief Imam and Khatib of Kowloon Mosque. He is currently running seven large Islamic Centres throughout Hong Kong, under the name of Khatme Nubuwwat Islamic Council, giving free after-school Quranic education to over 1,500 students, including adult students and young boys and girls, who study full-time in local schools in Hong Kong [citation needed].

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.iticfhk.org/history.html
  2. ^ "China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)", International Religious Freedom Report, Washington, DC:  
  3. ^ "Hong Kong Muslims Plead for Mosques – Asia-Pacific – News". OnIslam.net. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Weiss, Anita M. (July 1991), "South Asian Muslims in Hong Kong: Creation of a 'Local Boy' Identity", Modern Asian Studies 25 (3): 417–53,  
  5. ^ Bosco, Joseph (2004), "Hong Kong", in Ember, Melvin; Ember, Carol R.; Skoggard, Ian, Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World, Volume 2, Springer, pp. 506–514,  
  6. ^ Wang Ma, Rosey (2004), "Hui diaspora", in Ember, Melvin; Ember, Carol R.; Skoggard, Ian, Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World, Volume 2, Springer, pp. 113–124,  
  7. ^ O'Connor, Paul (2012), "Islam in Hong Kong: Muslims and Everyday Life in China's World City", Hong Kong University Press.
  8. ^ a b c https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/bitstream/handle/1887/16773/ISIM_10_Contested_Mosques_in_Hong_Kong.pdf?sequence=1
  9. ^ "History of Muslim in Hong Kong". Islam.org.hk. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Hong Kong Halal Reaches Out to Muslims – Asia-Pacific – News". OnIslam.net. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.scmp.com/business/banking-finance/article/1371432/why-hong-kong-still-long-way-being-islamic-finance-hub
  12. ^ "HKIEd news". HKIEd news. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  13. ^ http://varsity.com.cuhk.edu.hk/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Islamic-Culture-in-Hong-Kong-FINAL-ONLINE.pdf
  14. ^ About us, Hong Kong: Islamic Cultural Association, 2008, retrieved 10 August 2010 
  15. ^ "Muslim Organizations in Hong Kong". Islam.org.hk. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Islamic Organization in Hong Kong". Islam.org.hk. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "UMAH". www.umahhk.com. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  18. ^ http://www.iticfhk.org/CEMETERIES.html

External links

  • www.islam.org.hk
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