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Italian general election, 1913

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Title: Italian general election, 1913  
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Subject: List of Prime Ministers of Italy, Italian Socialist Party, Italian Reform Socialist Party, Kingdom of Italy, Radical Party (Italy, 1877), Constitutional Democratic Party (Italy)
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Italian general election, 1913

Italian general election, 1913
width="" colspan=4 |
1909 ←
26 October-2 November 1913
→ 1919
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width="" colspan = 4 style="text-align: center" | All 508 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
  Majority party Minority party Third party
Leader Vittorio Emanuele Orlando Filippo Turati Francesco Saverio Nitti
Party Socialist Party
Seats won 270 52 62
Seat change Decrease59 Increase11 Increase14
Popular vote 2,387,947 883,409 522,522
Percentage 47.6% 17.6% 10.4%
Swing Decrease6.8% Decrease1.4% Increase0.5%

  Fourth party Fifth party
Leader Giovanni Giolitti Ivanoe Bonomi
Seats won 29 19
Seat change new party new party
Popular vote 277,251 277,251
Percentage 5.5% 3.9%
Swing new party new party
width="" style="text-align: center" colspan=4 |

width="" colspan=4 style="text-align: center" | Composition of the Parliament
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Prime Minister before election

Luigi Luzzatti

Subsequent Prime Minister

Giovanni Giolitti

General elections were held in Italy on 26 October 1913, with a second round of voting on 2 November.[1] The Liberals (the former Ministeriali) narrowly retained an absolute majority in the Chamber of Deputies, while the Radical Party emerged as the largest opposition bloc. Both groupings did particularly well in Southern Italy, while the Italian Socialist Party gained eight seats and was the largest party in Emilia-Romagna.[2] However, the election marked the beginning of the decline of establishment liberals.

Electoral reform

Changes made in 1912 widened the voting franchise to include all literate men aged 21 or over who had served in the armed forces. For those over 30 the literacy requirement was abolished.[3] This raised the number of eligible voters from 2,930,473 in 1909 to 8,443,205.[4] The electoral system remained single-member constituencies with two-round majority voting.[3]


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Liberals-Democrats 2,387,947 47.6 270 –59
Italian Socialist Party 883,409 17.6 52 +11
Radical Party 522,522 10.4 62 +14
Constitutional Democratic Party 277,251 5.5 29 New
Catholics 212,319 4.2 20 +2
Italian Reform Socialist Party 196,406 3.9 19 New
Democratic Party 138,967 2.8 11 New
Italian Republican Party 102,102 2.0 8 –15
Catholic Conservatives 89,630 1.8 9 New
Dissident Republican 71,564 1.4 9 New
Independent Socialists 67,133 1.3 8 New
Dissident Radicals 65,671 1.3 11 New
Invalid/blank votes 85,694
Total 5,100,615 100 508 0
Registered voters/turnout 8,443,205 60.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


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