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Jõhvi

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Jõhvi

Jõhvi
Town
Flag of Jõhvi
Flag
Coat of arms of Jõhvi
Coat of arms
Jõhvi is located in Estonia
Jõhvi
Jõhvi
Location in Estonia
Coordinates:
Country  Estonia
County Ida-Viru County
Municipality Jõhvi Parish
Founded 1938
Area
 • Total 7.62 km2 (2.94 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 10,775
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonians 34.5%
 • Russians 55.7%
 • other 9.6%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 71501 to 71599
Area code(s) (+372) 22
Website www.johvi.ee

Jõhvi (German: Jewe, Russian: Йыхви) is a town in north-eastern Estonia, and the capital of Ida-Viru County. The town is also an administrative centre of Jõhvi Parish. It is situated 50 km from the Russian border.

Ethnic Estonians are a minority in Jõhvi, as about 55% of the town's population are either ethnic Russians who arrived in Estonia during the period of Soviet rule of Estonia (1944 - 1991) or their descendants.

History

Jõhvi was first mentioned as a village in 1241 in Liber Census Daniae when it was ruled by Denmark. Historical names of Jõhvi were Gewi and Jewi. In the 13th century a church was built here and Jõhvi became the centre of the local church parish.

On 1 May 1938 Konstantin Päts renamed the Jõhvi borough a town along with nearly all Estonian boroughs. Up to 1991, Jõhvi was a district of Kohtla-Järve. In 2005 the town of Jõhvi was united with the parish of Jõhvi.

Gallery

External links

  • Jõhvi Parish (Estonian) (Russian)
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