World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jaafar of Negeri Sembilan

Article Id: WHEBN0000583344
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jaafar of Negeri Sembilan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Muhriz of Negeri Sembilan, List of honours of Malaysia awarded to heads of state and royals, Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Aishah Rohani, Salahuddin of Selangor
Collection: 1922 Births, 2008 Deaths, Alumni of the London School of Economics, Alumni of the University of Nottingham, Collars of the Order of Civil Merit, Collars of the Order of Merit (Chile), Commanders Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, First Classes of the Family Order of Terengganu, First Classes of the Family Order of Terengganu (Malaysia), First Classes of the Royal Family Order of Johor, First Classes of the Royal Family Order of Selangor (Malaysia), Grand Collars of the Order of Sikatuna, Grand Crosses of the Order of the Southern Cross, Grand Masters of the Grand Order of Tuanku Ja’afar (Negeri Sembilan - Malaysia), Grand Masters of the Order for Important Services (Malaysia), Grand Masters of the Order of Loyalty to Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia), Grand Masters of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia, Grand Masters of the Order of Merit of Malaysia, Grand Masters of the Order of Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia), Grand Masters of the Order of the Crown of the Realm, Grand Masters of the Order of the Defender of the Realm, Grand Masters of the Order of the Royal Household of Malaysia, Grand Masters of the Royal Family Order of Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia), Grand Masters of the Royal Family Order of Yam Tuan Radin Sunnah (Negeri Sembilan - Malaysia), Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Malaysian Diplomats, Malaysian Muslims, Malaysian People of English Descent, Malaysian People of Minangkabau Descent, Marshals of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Members First Class of the Family Order of the Crown of Indra of Pahang (Malaysia), Members of the Royal Family Order of Kedah, Members of the Royal Family Order of Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia), Monarchs of Malaysia, Monarchs of Negeri Sembilan, People from Selangor, Recipients of Order of the Royal House of Malaysia, Recipients of the Darjah Kerabat Diraja Malaysia, Recipients of the Perlis Family Order of the Gallant Prince Syed Putra Jamalullail (Malaysia), Recipients of the Royal Family Order of Kelantan (Malaysia), Recipients of the Royal Family Order of Perak (Malaysia), Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei, Royal House of Negeri Sembilan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jaafar of Negeri Sembilan

Tuanku Jaafar
Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Reign 26 April 1994 – 25 April 1999
Installation 22 September 1994
Predecessor Azlan Shah of Perak
Successor Salahuddin of Selangor
Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
Reign 18 April 1967 – 27 December 2008
Installation 8 April 1968
Predecessor Tuanku Munawir
Successor Tuanku Muhriz
Born (1922-07-19)19 July 1922
Klang, Selangor, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Died 27 December 2008(2008-12-27) (aged 86)
Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Burial 29 December 2008
Seri Menanti Royal Mausoleum, Seri Menanti, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Spouse Tuanku Najihah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin
Issue Tunku Naquiah
Tunku Naquiyuddin
Tunku Muda Serting Imran
Tunku Jawahir
Tunku Irinah
Tunku Putra Nazaruddin
Father Tuanku Abdul Rahman Ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Muhammad
Mother Che' Engku Maimuna binti Abdullah
Religion Sunni Islam

Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman, GCB (19 July 1922 – 27 December 2008) was the tenth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (equivalent to King) of Malaysia from 26 April 1994 until 25 April 1999 and the fourth Yang di-Pertuan Besar of modern Negeri Sembilan.

Contents

  • Early life and education 1
  • Early career 2
    • State Officer 2.1
    • Diplomat 2.2
  • Yang di-Pertuan Besar 3
  • Yang di-Pertuan Agong 4
  • Personal life 5
  • Contributions 6
    • Education 6.1
  • Personal Interests 7
  • Death 8
  • Honours 9
    • Honours of Negeri Sembilan 9.1
    • Honours of Malaysia 9.2
    • Foreign honours 9.3
    • Recognition 9.4
  • Notes 10
  • Bibliography 11

Early life and education

The second son of Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad, he was the first of four children by his commoner wife, Eurasian nurse Dulcie Campbell or better known as Che' Engku Maimunah binti Abdullah. The couple subsequently divorced.[2]

Having studied at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, he graduated from the University of Nottingham before attending Balliol College, Oxford and the LSE. Tunku Ja'afar then joined the civil and diplomatic service of the Malaysia.

Early career

State Officer

During the Japanese occupation of Malaya, Tuanku Ja'afar served at the Land Office of Seremban and as District Officer of Rembau from 1946 to 1947. Upon his return from the United Kingdom in 1952, Tuanku Ja'afar held several posts in the civil service including Assistant State Secretary of Perak, Assistant District Officer of Parit, Perak, and District Officer of Tampin.

Diplomat

Tuanku Ja'afar's diplomatic career began in 1957. He took up a special course for diplomatic services in London for one year. His first appointment was as Charge d' Affaires in Washington D.C., United States of America followed by First Secretary with the Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York, Consular and Deputy High Commissioner at the High Commission of Malaya in London. Tuanku Ja'afar was later appointed as the Malaysian Ambassador to Egypt and then as High Commissioner to Nigeria and Ghana.

Yang di-Pertuan Besar

Tuanku Ja'afar was to have left for Japan to serve as the Malaysian Ambassador to that country but was recalled by the State Government of Negeri Sembilan following the demise of his half brother HRH Tuanku Munawir, the then ruler of Negeri Sembilan, in 1967.

All four Undang (Territorial Chiefs) had unanimously elected Tuanku Ja'afar as the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan to succeed HRH Tuanku Munawir. The election was controversial as the heir presumptive to the throne, Tuanku Munawir's son Tunku Muhriz was by-passed. It has been suggested that the then Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, instructed the council not to choose Tunku Muhriz on account of his youth (he was then eighteen).

Tuanku Ja'afar ascended the throne as the 10th Ruler of Negeri Sembilan on 18 April 1967.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong

Tuanku Ja'afar was the tenth Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1994 until 25 April 1999 succeeding Sultan Azlan Shah of Perak.

Malaysia achieved many milestones while he was the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, among them Malaysia's successful hosting of the 16th Commonwealth Games and APEC Summit, both in 1998. He also worked on Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang, the Petronas Twin Towers, the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) and the new administrative capital of Putrajaya.

Personal life

Tuanku Ja'afar married Tuanku Najihah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin of Negeri Sembilan who also served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong between 1994 and 1999. The royal couple are blessed with three sons and three daughters whose names are:-

Son

Daughter

  • Tunku Naquiah binti Almarhum Tuanku Jaafar
  • Tunku Jawahir binti Almarhum Tuanku Jaafar
  • Tunku Irinah binti Almarhum Tuanku Jaafar

Tuanku Ja' afar is also the first reigning royalty in Malaysia to have a judgement made against him in a court of law.

Contributions

During his reign as the ruler of Negeri Sembilan, Tuanku Ja'afar focused his attention on the problems of the people and the administration of the state. In handling the socio-economic affairs of the state, Tuanku Ja'afar directed his attention to the industry and public housing sectors so as to improve the living standard of the people. As a result, several new housing areas were developed among which is Taman Tuanku Ja'afar which includes an industrial area and a golf course of international standard, Taman Tuanku Ampuan Najihah in Sungai Gadut and the Mambau housing project.

Education

Tuanku Ja'afar became the Chancellor of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia on 16 April 1976. Tuanku Ja'afar had always urged for the improvement of the standard of education in Malaysia. He was awarded Honorary Doctorate of Law by several universities namely the University of the Philippines (27 July 1990), University of Nottingham (21 July 1995), University of Santiago, Chile (28 September 1995) and University of Brunei Darussalam (11 September 1996).

Personal Interests

Tuanku Ja'afar and the royal family of Negeri Sembilan are known as the "Royal Family of Sports". He and his family have shown great interest in cricket, tennis, badminton, squash, hockey and golf within and outside Malaysia. His son HH Tunku Imran has been the President of World Squash for seven years.

As a golf enthusiast, Tuanku Ja'afar was a regular participant in golf tournaments within and outside the country. He has also improved the standard of sports in Negeri Sembilan by upgrading the golf courses and facilities especially those of the International Golf Club of Seremban. Tuanku Ja'afar also participates in the annual Malaysian Open Golf Pro-Am from the time it was first held.

Death

Tuanku Ja'afar died on 27 December 2008 at Hospital Tuanku Jaafar, Seremban.[3] His younger brother, Tunku Panglima Besar Tunku Tan Sri Abdullah had died four months earlier. Before Tuanku Ja'afar's death, he was admitted to the hospital after feeling dizziness. He was buried at the Seri Menanti Royal Mausoleum at Seri Menanti on 29 December 2008.

Honours

Tuanku Ja'afar Royal Gallery

Tuanku Ja'afar held the rank of Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force.

Honours of Negeri Sembilan

As Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan (8 April 1967 – 27 December 2008), he was:[4]

Honours of Malaysia

Foreign honours

He received many foreign awards during his years of royal service. These are:[4]

Recognition

Many places and landmarks were named after him. These are:

Notes

  1. ^ The Royal Ark, Jelebu genealogical details p.2
  2. ^ Halim (1998), p. 24, 26
  3. ^ "Yang Dipertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan mangkat". Utusan Malaysia. 27 December 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c Royal Ark, Negeri Sembilan 7
  5. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado

Bibliography

  • Halim, Tunku Abdullah, A Passion for Life, All-Media Publications, 1998, ISBN 983-99449-0-8
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Azlan Shah
(Sultan of Perak)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)

1994–1999
Succeeded by
Sultan Salahuddin
(Sultan of Selangor)
Preceded by
Tuanku Munawir
Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
1967–2008
Succeeded by
Tunku Muhriz
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.