World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

James E. Talmage

Article Id: WHEBN0001072670
Reproduction Date:

Title: James E. Talmage  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mormonism in the 20th century, Joseph T. Kingsbury, Deseret Book, Charles A. Callis, University of Utah presidents
Collection: 1862 Births, 1933 Deaths, 20Th-Century Mormon Missionaries, American Geologists, Apostles (Lds Church), Brigham Young Academy Faculty, Brigham Young University Alumni, Burials at Salt Lake City Cemetery, Converts to Mormonism, English Emigrants to the United States, English General Authorities (Lds Church), English Latter Day Saint Writers, English Latter Day Saints, Fellows of the Geological Society of America, Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Illinois Wesleyan University Alumni, Johns Hopkins University Alumni, Lds Business College Faculty, Lehigh University Alumni, Mission Presidents (Lds Church), Mormon Apologists, Mormon Missionaries in the United Kingdom, People from Hungerford, Presidents of the University of Utah, University of Utah Faculty
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

James E. Talmage

James E. Talmage
ca. 1875–1890
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
8 December 1911 (1911-12-08) – 27 July 1933 (1933-07-27)
Called by Joseph F. Smith
LDS Church Apostle
8 December 1911 (1911-12-08) – 27 July 1933 (1933-07-27)
Called by Joseph F. Smith
Reason Death of John Henry Smith; Charles W. Penrose added to First Presidency
Reorganization
at end of term
Charles A. Callis ordained
Personal details
Born James Edward Talmage
(1862-09-21)21 September 1862
Hungerford, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Died 27 July 1933(1933-07-27) (aged 70)
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Resting place Salt Lake City Cemetery
Spouse(s) Merry May Booth
Children 8

James Edward Talmage (September 21, 1862 – July 27, 1933) was a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1911 until his death.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Family 2
  • Academic career 3
  • Religious writings 4
  • Religious offices 5
  • Death 6
  • Honors 7
  • Published works 8
  • See also 9
  • Notes 10
  • External links 11

Early life

Talmage was born and raised in Hungerford, Berkshire, England. He was baptized into the LDS Church at age 10 on June 15, 1873. He moved with his family to Provo, Utah Territory, in 1877. In Provo, he studied the Normal Course at Brigham Young Academy (BYA), with Karl G. Maeser as one of his teachers; he graduated in 1880.

In 1881, Talmage received a collegiate diploma from BYA's Scientific Department, the first such diploma to be issued. His early predilection was for the sciences, and in 1882 and 1883 he took selected courses in chemistry and geology at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Though a special student and not a candidate for a degree, during his single year Talmage passed nearly all the examinations required in the four-year course; he graduated and in 1883 and 1884 he was engaged in advanced work at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland.

Family

Talmage married Merry May Booth (1868–1944) on June 14, 1888. Booth was a native of Alpine, Utah, and the daughter of immigrants from Lancashire.[1] She started studies at the normal school connected with BYA in 1885, when she was 16. It was there she met Talmage, who was one of her instructors. While at BYA, Booth was secretary of the Polysophical Society. After completing her course of normal study, May took a job as a teacher in Kaysville, Utah. A few months later, Talmage undertook a project to study the waters of the Great Salt Lake; Talmage's main reason for this journey, though, was to pursue a relationship with Booth, and five months later they were married.

The Talmages had eight children. Among their children was John Talmage, who wrote a biography of his father. Another of their children, Sterling B. Talmage (1889–1956), followed his father's interests and became a geologist.[2]

Academic career

Talmage studied chemistry and geology at Lehigh University and Johns Hopkins University. He received a B.S. degree from Lehigh University in 1891 and a Ph.D. from Illinois Wesleyan University for nonresident work in 1896.[3]

In the spring of 1884, while at Johns Hopkins, Talmage journaled about laboratory experiments involving the ingestion of hashish, reporting that interviews with users conducted by himself and two colleagues yielded very different accounts of the experience.[4] Talmage noted that the ill effects of opium were very unpleasant and had been well-documented, "[b]ut the ill effects are reported very low in the Haschich or Hemp administration; and we have concluded to try effect of a small dose upon ourselves ... though I very much dislike the idea of doing such a thing, for as yet I have never known what it is to be narcotized either by tobacco, alcohol, or any drug."[4] Thus, on three occasions, March 22, April 5, and April 6, 1884, Talmage ingested increasing doses; on the first two occasions he felt no effect, but on the third he reported simply, "[c]ontinued my experiment by taking 20 grains Cannabis Indica and the effect was felt in a not very agreeable way."[4]

Talmage was elected to life membership in several learned societies, and for many years was a Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society (London), Fellow of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society (Edinburgh), Fellow of the Geological Society (London), Fellow of the Geological Society of America, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Associate of the Philosophical Society of Great Britain, or Victoria Institute, and Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Talmage taught science at BYA both before and after he went to study in the eastern United States. He was the president of Latter-day Saints' University until 1894 and then was president of the University of Deseret from 1894 to 1897.[5] From 1897 to 1907, Talmage was a professor of geology at the University of Utah.

In 1909, Talmage was serving as the director of the

Religious writings

Talmage was the author of several religious books, including The Articles of Faith, The Great Apostasy, The House of the Lord, and Jesus the Christ. These volumes remain in print and are still widely read in the LDS Church. Other books include treatises on the origins of the Book of Mormon, a dictionary of the Book of Mormon, and a brief history of the church.

In 1911, the church's First Presidency learned that a photographer had gained unauthorized access to the Salt Lake Temple, had taken numerous photographs of the interior, and was holding those photographs for ransom. Talmage suggested that the First Presidency commission its own photographs of the temple. Church president Joseph F. Smith authorized Talmage to write an apology on the subject of the temple to accompany the publication of the photographs. Shortly thereafter, The House of the Lord was published.[7][8]

Religious offices

Talmage became a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in 1911. From 1924 to 1928, he served as president of the church's European Mission.[9]

Death

Talmage died at Salt Lake City at age 70. He was buried at Salt Lake City Cemetery. The vacancy in the Quorum of the Twelve created by his death was filled by Stephen L Richards.

Honors

The Mathematics and Computer Sciences Building at Brigham Young University is named after Talmage. The University of Utah College of Science is housed in the James E. Talmage Building.

Published works

Grave marker of James E. Talmage.
Headstone of James E. Talmage.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Biography of Merry May Booth Talmage from the BYU Register of the BYU Special Collections collection of the M. M. B. Talmage papers.
  2. ^ Sterling B. Talmage Papers.
  3. ^ Andrew Jenson. Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia, vol. 3, p. 787.
  4. ^ a b c Rowley, Dennis. "Inner Dialogue: James Talmage's Choice of Science as a Career, 1876–1884", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 17(2): 112–30 (Summer 1984).
  5. ^ University of Utah Alumni Association e-newsletter, U-News & Views, August 2007.
  6. ^ Richard B. Stamps, "Tools Leave Marks: Material Analysis of the Scotford-Soper-Savage Michigan Relics", BYU Studies, vol. 40 (2001) no. 3, p. 212.
  7. ^ Kent Walgren, "Inside the Salt Lake Temple: Gisbert Bossard's 1911 Photographs," Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 29:1–43 (Fall 1996).
  8. ^ David R. Seely, "Explaining the Temple to the World: James E. Talmage's Monumental Book, The House of the Lord", FARMS Review 12(2):415–26 (2000).
  9. ^ Garr et al., Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History, p. 1217.

External links

  • Works by James E. Talmage at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about James E. Talmage at Internet Archive
  • Works by James E. Talmage at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
  • James E. Talmage papers, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University
  • James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 1, 1924. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
  • James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 2, 1924-1925. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
  • James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 3, 1926. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
  • James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 4, 1927. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
  • James E. Talmage Journal. Volume 5, 1928. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
  • James Edward Talmage, by Jeffrey S. Hardy, in Mormon Missionary Diaries. Digital Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
  • James E. Talmage and the Nature of the Godhead: The Gradual Unfolding of Latter-day Saint Theology, Ricks, Brian William, Master Thesis, Brigham Young University, 2007.
  • James Edward Talmage Utah History Encyclopedia.
  • .Explaining the Temple to the World: James E. Talmage's Monumental Book, The House of the LordSeely, David R. FARMS Review: Volume 12, Issue 2, Provo, Utah: Maxwell Institute, 2000 pp. 415–26.
  • Grampa Bill's G.A. Pages: James E. Talmage
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
Preceded by
Joseph Fielding Smith
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
December 8, 1911 – July 27, 1933
Succeeded by
Stephen L Richards
Academic offices
Preceded by
Joseph T. Kingsbury
President of the University of Utah
1894–1897
Succeeded by
Joseph T. Kingsbury
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.