World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

James Ward (artist)

James Ward
Self-portrait by James Ward, 1848.
Born (1769-10-23)October 23, 1769
London, England
Died November 17, 1859(1859-11-17) (aged 90)
Cheshunt, Hertfordshire
Nationality English
Known for Painting, Engraving
Movement Landscapes, Romanticism
Awards Royal Academician (R.A.)

James Ward RA (23 October 1769 – 17 November 1859), was a painter, particularly of animals, and an engraver.


  • Biography 1
  • Family 2
  • Style 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7


Self portrait, 1830
James Ward - Venus Rising from her Couch -

Born in London, and younger brother of Rubens. From 1810 or so, Ward started to paint horses within landscapes; slightly later, he turned to very large-scale landscapes, of which Gordale Scar (Tate, London), completed in 1814 or 1815 and depicting Gordale Scar (Yorkshire) as an example of the sublime, is considered his masterpiece and a masterpiece of English Romantic painting.[1]

Gordale Scar

Ward devoted much of the period 1815-21 to the painting of a gigantic work titled Allegory of Waterloo (now lost); this neither was much praised nor brought in the revenue Ward had hoped for. The experience may have embittered him, and the deaths of his first wife and a daughter were among other tragedies. Like many artists of the time, Ward sought commissions from wealthy gentry of their favorite horses, their favorite hunting dogs or their children.[2]

One such family that Ward painted and drew repeatedly, and whom he counted among his friends, were the Levett family of Wynchnor Park, Staffordshire. One of Ward's best-known portraits was his Theophilus Levett hunting at Wychnor, Staffordshire of 1817.[3] Another was Ward's 1811 painting entitled The Reverend Thomas Levett and his favourite dogs, cock-shooting. Ward also painted a group portrait of three Levett children — John, Theophilus and Frances Levett.[4] (For the Levetts, see link to the Ward exhibit at the Yale Center for British Art.)[5]


James was the son of James and Rachael Ward. He was first married to Mary Ann Ward (no known relation) in 1794 and after her death to Charlotte Fritche in 1827 (supposedly a relative of his first wife). James and Mary Ann Ward had several children including:

  1. Matilda Louisa Ward, who married the artist John Jackson.
  2. George Raphael Ward, b. 1798, d. 1879 [6]

James Ward was the paternal grandfather of the painter Henrietta Ward and the great-grandfather of Leslie Ward, the Vanity Fair caricaturist.[1]

In 1830, Ward moved to Cheshunt (Hertfordshire) with his second wife, but he continued to work, particularly on religious themes. A stroke in 1855 ended his work, and he died in poverty. He is buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.[7]


Diana at the Bath

James Ward was one of the outstanding artists of the day, his singular style and great skill set him above most of his contemporaries, markedly influencing the growth of British art. Regarded as one of the great animal painters of his time, James produced history paintings, portraits, landscapes and genre. He started off as an engraver, trained by William, who later engraved much of his work. The partnership of William and James Ward produced the best that English art had to offer, their great technical skill and artistry having led to images that reflect the grace and charm of the era. He was admitted for membership into the Royal Academy in 1811.[8]

Marengo 1824 (Private collection)
The Levett Children. John, Theophilus and Frances Levett, Wychnor, Staffordshire, November 1811

One of Ward's best-known paintings,The deer stealer, was commissioned in 1823 for the sum of 500 guineas by Ward's patron Theophilus Levett. When the work was finished, Levett pronounced himself delighted with the results, and consequently raised the remuneration to 600 guineas. Subsequently Ward was said to have been offered 1,000 guineas for the painting by 'a nobleman,' which he declined. The painting now hangs at Tate in London.[9]

See also


  1. ^ a b Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ The Sporting Magazine, or Monthly Calendar of the Transactions of The Turf and The Chase and Every Other Diversion Interesting to the Man of Pleasure Enterprise & Spirit, Vol. 19, New Series, Printed for J. Pittman, London, 1827. Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  3. ^ "The New York Times, Grace Glueck, July 30, 2004". New York Times. 2004-07-30. Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  4. ^ "Group Portrait of John, Theophilus and Frances Levett, James Ward, November 1811, Christie's". Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  5. ^ Animal Painters of England from the Year 1650, Walter Gilbey, 1900. Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  6. ^ "Patrick T Nisbett". 1996-08-15. Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  7. ^ Paths of Glory. Friends of Kensal Green Cemetery. 1997. p. 103. 
  8. ^ "Art Review: Dashing World of Animals as Regal as Their Owners, Grace Glueck, The New York Times, July 30, 2004". 2004-07-30. Retrieved 2012-02-04. 
  9. ^ A Great British Collection,

  • ward "James Ward" . Sothebys. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  • James Ward at the Yale Center for British Art
  • Group Portrait of John, Theophilus and Frances Levett

External links

  • Beckett, Oliver. The Life and Work of James Ward, RA. Book Guild, 1995.
  • Farr, Dennis. James Ward 1769–1859. London: Arts Council, 1960.
  • Frankau, Julia. Eighteenth century artists and engravers: William Ward A.R.A., James Ward R.A.: Their Lives and Works. London: Macmillan, 1904.
  • Fussell, G. E. James Ward R.A., Animal Painter 1769–1859 and His England. London: Michael Joseph, 1974. ISBN 0-7181-1242-3
  • Grundy, Reginald. James Ward, R.A.: His Life and Works with a Catalogue of his Engravings and Pictures. London, 1909. (An extra number of The Connoisseur.)
  • Nygren, Edward J. James Ward's "Gordale Scar": An Essay in the Sublime. London: Tate, 1982. ISBN 0-905005-93-7
  • Murray, P. & L. (1996). Dictionary of art and artists London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051300-0. p. 557.
  • Opening address, The Art of James Ward, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Conn., May 20, 2004, curator Angus Trumble

Further reading


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.