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January 1972

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January 1972

January 4, 1972: HP-35 pocket calculator introduced
January 10, 1972: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman released from Pakistani jail, arrives to become President of Bangladesh
January 27, 1972: Home video game system introduced by Magnavox
January 24, 1972: Japanese Sgt. Yokoi surrenders, 26 years after end of World War II

The following events occurred in January 1972:

Contents

  • January 1, 1972 (Saturday) 1
  • January 2, 1972 (Sunday) 2
  • January 3, 1972 (Monday) 3
  • January 4, 1972 (Tuesday) 4
  • January 5, 1972 (Wednesday) 5
  • January 6, 1972 (Thursday) 6
  • January 7, 1972 (Friday) 7
  • January 8, 1972 (Saturday) 8
  • January 9, 1972 (Sunday) 9
  • January 10, 1972 (Monday) 10
  • January 11, 1972 (Tuesday) 11
  • January 12, 1972 (Wednesday) 12
  • January 13, 1972 (Thursday) 13
  • January 14, 1972 (Friday) 14
  • January 15, 1972 (Saturday) 15
  • January 16, 1972 (Sunday) 16
  • January 17, 1972 (Monday) 17
  • January 18, 1972 (Tuesday) 18
  • January 19, 1972 (Wednesday) 19
  • January 20, 1972 (Thursday) 20
  • January 21, 1972 (Friday) 21
  • January 22, 1972 (Saturday) 22
  • January 23, 1972 (Sunday) 23
  • January 24, 1972 (Monday) 24
  • January 25, 1972 (Tuesday) 25
  • January 26, 1972 (Wednesday) 26
  • January 27, 1972 (Thursday) 27
  • January 28, 1972 (Friday) 28
  • January 29, 1972 (Saturday) 29
  • January 30, 1972 (Sunday) 30
  • January 31, 1972 (Monday) 31
  • References 32

January 1, 1972 (Saturday)

January 2, 1972 (Sunday)

  • Mobutu Sese Seko, the President of Zaire, announced his new campaign, "Authenticité", to remove all traces of the former Belgian Congo's colonial past in favor of "Africanized" names, customs and dress. Having changed his own name from Joseph-Desire Mobutu, the President required citizens with European-sounding names to change them to something more authentic.[3]
  • U.S. First Lady Pat Nixon arrived in Liberia for the beginning of an 8-day tour of Africa, which also included Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire.[4]
  • A group of six men stole $4,000,000 worth of jewelry in the Pierre Hotel Robbery, from safe deposit boxes at the New York luxury hotel. After being tipped off by an informant, the FBI captured the robbers, but recovered only one million of the loot.[5]
  • Juliane Koepcke, the sole survivor of the Christmas Eve crash of LANSA Flight 508, was found alive by three hunters deep inside the Amazon jungle in Peru. The only survivor of 93 persons on the plane, she had followed a stream for nine days until finding help.[6]
  • Died: Lillian Gilbreth, 93, efficiency expert and heroine of Cheaper by the Dozen

January 3, 1972 (Monday)

  • Jennifer Tinning died in Schenectady, New York, eight days after her birth, the first of nine children of Marybeth Tinning to pass away at an early age, and the only one not believed to have been killed by her mother. On January 21 and on March 20, respectively, Marybeth's two year old son and four year old daughter died. From 1973 to 1985, Marybeth gave birth to five more children and adopted another, and all appeared to have died of natural causes. Marybeth Tinning was convicted of murder after the 1985 death of her ninth and last baby.[7]
  • Mariner 9 began the first mapping of the planet Mars, after dust storms on the red planet had ceased.[8]

January 4, 1972 (Tuesday)

  • The first scientific electronic pocket calculator, the HP-35 was introduced by Hewlett-Packard and priced at $395. Although hand-held electronic machines, that could multiply and divide (such as the Canon Pocketronic) had been made since 1971, the HP-35 could handle higher functions including logarithms and trigonometry.[9]

January 5, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • From San Clemente, President Richard Nixon announced that the United States would develop the space shuttle as the next phase of the American space program, with 5.5 billion dollars allocated to the first reusable spacecraft. "It would transform the space frontier of the 1970s into familiar territory," said Nixon, "easily accessible for human endeavor of the 1980s and 1990s." [10]

January 6, 1972 (Thursday)

January 7, 1972 (Friday)

January 8, 1972 (Saturday)

January 9, 1972 (Sunday)

  • Shortly after midnight, Britain's 280,000 coal miners walked off of the job in the first nationwide miners' strike since 1926.[24] As the strike dragged on, Britain was forced to go to the Three-Day Week.[25]
  • The RMS Queen Elizabeth (QE2), largest ocean liner ever built, was destroyed by a fire as it sat in Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong. The ship was being renovated to become "Seawise University".[26]
  • The Los Angeles Lakers finally lost after 33 consecutive wins, falling to the Milwaukee Bucks, 120–104.[27]
  • Died: Liang Sicheng, 70, "Father of Modern Chinese Architecture"

January 10, 1972 (Monday)

  • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the "Bangabandhu" and "Father of Bangladesh", returned to Dhaka at 1:30 pm to a hero's welcome.[23]
  • In Baton Rouge, Louisiana, a confrontation between members of the Black Liberation Army left two sheriff's deputies dead and 14 other policemen injured. Two BLA members were killed and 17 civilians were hurt. Thirteen police officers were killed by the BLA between 1970 and 1976.[28]
  • In Britain, Birmingham's Sunday Mercury broke the story of toxic waste dumping in the Midlands, and the government's indifference to complaints. The public outcry that followed led to the passage of environmental legislation on March 30.

Geraldo Rivera exposes horrific conditions at Willowbrook State School on Staten Island, in a 30 minute segment called "Willowbrook: The Last Great Disgrace"[29]

January 11, 1972 (Tuesday)

  • Bill France, Jr. succeeded his father as President of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing NASCAR. Over the next 28 years, France oversaw the growth of stock car racing to a multibillion dollar industry and one of the most popular sports in the United States.[30]
  • The Night Stalker, starring Darren McGavin, was broadcast as the ABC Movie of the Week. Watched by 75 million viewers, it was the highest rated made-for-television movie to that date.[31]

January 12, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • The first regulations limiting exposure to asbestos were announced by the United States Department of Labor. Widely used in construction because of its fireproof nature, asbestos had been proven to be carcinogenic in the long term.[32]
  • The Detroit Tigers signed a 40-year lease for a $126 million dollar domed stadium, to be built downtown. Detroit voters balked at funding a bond issue to pay for the dome, and it was never built. The team continued to play at Tiger Stadium until moving to the outdoor Comerica Park in 1998.[33]
  • Born: Espen Knutsen, Norwegian hockey star, in Oslo

January 13, 1972 (Thursday)

  • U.S. President Richard Nixon announced that 70,000 American troops would be pulled out of Vietnam by May 1, cutting the existing force of 139,000 by half.[34]
  • were in the 1972 race. 1968 election having announced their candidacies earlier in the week, all three major contenders in the Hubert Humphrey With Nixon and [36], that President Nixon had brokered a deal in order to ensure his re-election in 1972.Nixon: The Triumph of a Politician, 1962–1972 The day before, the Internal Revenue Service had dropped its investigation of Wallace's brother Gerald. Historian Stephen E. Ambrose suggested in his 1989 book [35]
  • While he was out of the country for treatment of an eye ailment, Kofi Abrefa Busia, the Prime Minister of Ghana, lost his job when the government was overthrown in a bloodless coup, led by Lt. Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, leader of the "National Redemption Council".[37] Dr. Busia lived the rest of his life in London. Acheampong was overthrown in 1978, and was executed the following year.
  • A plane, taking West Germany's Chancellor Willy Brandt home after his visit to the United States, came within 500 feet of colliding with Eastern Airlines Flight 870, as both planes were flying at 33,000 feet 85 miles northeast of Jacksonville, Florida. A spokesman for the Professional Air Traffic Controllers' Association said on January 15 that the incident had been reported to him by controllers at the Jacksonville airport.[38]
  • Born: Vitaly Scherbo, Belarusian gymnast, winner of six gold medals in 1992, in Minsk; and Nicole Eggert, American actress (Charles in Charge, Baywatch), in Glendale, California

American artist Karl William Giant was born on January 13th.

January 14, 1972 (Friday)

January 15, 1972 (Saturday)

  • At 3:00 pm, at the balcony of the Copenhagen, Prime Minister Jens Otto Krag proclaimed three times, "King Frederik IX is dead! Long live Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II!" With that, Margrethe became the second queen of Denmark, with the same name as her ancestor, who had reigned from 1353 to 1412. There is no provision for a coronation, or even a crown, for the monarchs of Denmark.[42]
  • Emilio Colombo resigned as Prime Minister of Italy.

January 16, 1972 (Sunday)

January 17, 1972 (Monday)

  • Police in Chicago arrested two college students, Allen Schwander and Stephen Pera, who had planned to poison the city's water supply with typhoid and other bacteria. Schwander had founded a terrorist group, "R.I.S.E.", while Pera collected and grew cultures from the hospital where he worked. The two men fled to Cuba after being released on bail. Schwander died of natural causes in 1974, while Pera returned to the U.S. in 1975 and was put on probation.[44]
  • "Huge Monday" took place on the North Shore of Oahu; 20 foot waves made it "the greatest single day in surfing history" [45]
  • Born: Ken Hirai, Japanese pop singer, in Higashiōsaka, Osaka; Mike Lieberthal, MLB catcher, in Glendale, California
  • Died: Betty Smith, 75, author of A Tree Grows in Brooklyn; Orville Nix, 61, Dallas air conditioning engineer who filmed JFK assassination

January 18, 1972 (Tuesday)

January 19, 1972 (Wednesday)

January 20, 1972 (Thursday)

  • In OPEC) agreed to raise their price for crude oil by 8.49 percent, to $2.49 per barrel, the first of many sharp increases that would follow.[52]
  • The scheduled release of The Autobiography of Howard Hughes, written by Clifford Irving, was postponed by LIFE Magazine (which had planned to serialize it beginning with its February 11 issue) and McGraw-Hill, which had a March 10 release date.[53] Proven later as a hoax, the would-be bestseller was never sold.
  • Hughes Airwest Flight 8800 was hijacked as it taxied for a takeoff from McCarran International Airport. Imitating D. B. Cooper, passenger "D. Shane" demanded $50,000 in cash and two parachutes after threatening to explode a bomb, and after releasing the passengers and stewardesses, ordered the DC-9 to fly eastward. Shane—later identified as Richard Charles LaPoint—bailed out over the Rockies and landed 21 miles northwest of Akron, Colorado, where he was captured by state police, along with the ransom.[54] LaPoint, 23, received a 40 year federal prison sentence.[55]
  • Karen Wise became the first woman to play NCAA college basketball (limited at that time to men), when she took the court for Windham College against Castleton State College. Playing for two minutes, she gathered one rebound but did not score in her team's 84–38 loss.[56]

January 21, 1972 (Friday)

  • India added three new States, bringing the total to 20, with statehood granted to Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya. On the same day, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh were granted union territory status (both granted statehood in 1987). As of 2009, there are 28 states and seven territories in India.[57]
  • Hundreds of guests at a wedding in New Delhi drank bootleg liquor and were poisoned by what turned out to be a mixture of rubbing alcohol and paint varnish, By Sunday, more than 100 had died.[58]

January 22, 1972 (Saturday)

January 23, 1972 (Sunday)

January 24, 1972 (Monday)

January 25, 1972 (Tuesday)

  • In a nationally televised address, President Nixon revealed that Henry Kissinger had been secretly negotiating with North Vietnamese leaders, and announced "a plan for peace that can end the war in Vietnam".[64] North Vietnam rejected the proposal the next day.
  • Shirley Chisholm, the first black woman to be elected to Congress (representing New York's 12th Congressional District) announced that she would seek the Democratic nomination for President.[65]
  • Two Ohio State players—Luke Witte and Mark Wagar—were sent to the hospital when a fight broke out in their college basketball game at Minnesota. With 0:36 left, and Ohio State leading 50–44, Corky Taylor and Ron Behagen of Minnesota attacked Witte. A brawl between both teams lasted for more than a minute before the game was called. Taylor and Behagen were suspended for the rest of the season. Witte declined to file charges.[66]
  • Died: Carl Hayden, 94; represented Arizona in Congress for 57 years, (at-large Representative (1912–1927), U.S. Senator (1927–1969)), President Pro Tempore of Senate, 1957–69; Erhard Milch, 79, developer of Germany's Luftwaffe

January 26, 1972 (Wednesday)

  • JAT Yugoslav Flight 364 broke apart over Czechoslovakia at an altitude of 33,000 feet, killing 27 of the 28 people on board. Stewardess Vesna Vulović, who had been in the tail section of the DC-9, survived despite falling more than six miles, landing near Srbská Kamenice. She was released after a hospitalation of 16 months.[67]
  • On the lawn in front of the Australian Parliament in Canberra, four young Aborigine men (Michael Anderson, Billy Craigie, Gary Williams and Tony Coorey) erected a tent that they called the Aboriginal Embassy, a symbol of the feeling that the indigenous Australians were treated as foreigners in their own homeland. Soon, the four were joined by others, until nearly 2,000 supporters encamped in front of the Parliament. The "embassy" was torn down six months later.[68]
  • The first Eclipse Awards, recognizing horse racing achievements, were made, in a ceremony at New York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.[69]
  • Born: Christopher Boykin, "Big Black" on MTV show Rob & Big, in Wiggins, Mississippi

January 27, 1972 (Thursday)

  • The first home video game system, Odyssey, was introduced by Magnavox. Designed by Ralph Baer, the console could be hooked up to a television set for two players to play a tennis-like game, similar to Nolan Bushnell's game Pong.[70]
  • In a meeting at the office of U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell, G. Gordon Liddy presented the "Gemstone Plan" to Mitchell, John Dean, and Jeb Magruder. Mitchell was also the Director of the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CRP), and Liddy was CRP's chief lawyer. Liddy suggested budgeting $1,000,000 for mugging and even kidnapping "leaders of anti-Nixon demonstrations"; hiring prostitutes to solicit during the Democratic National Convention; and break-ins and installation of electronic surveillance as necessary. Mitchell rejected the plan, but retained Liddy to suggest new ideas.[71]
  • After hijacking [72]
  • Born: Mark Owen, English singer (Take That), in Oldham; Keith Wood, Irish rugby star, in Killaloe, County Clare
  • Died: Mahalia Jackson, 60, African-American gospel singer; Richard Courant, 84, mathematician

January 28, 1972 (Friday)

  • More than 60 years after it had been written, Scott Joplin's opera Treemonisha was performed for the first time. The score had been rediscovered in 1970, and was brought to life at the Atlanta Memorial Arts Center. Joplin, an African-American composer who had died in 1917, was posthumously awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1976, and honored with a U.S. postage stamp in 1983. Joplin's ragtime composition "The Entertainer", featured in the film The Sting, reached No. 3 on the Billboard charts in 1974.[73]

January 29, 1972 (Saturday)

January 30, 1972 (Sunday)

January 31, 1972 (Monday)

  • The Federal Aviation Administration issued new regulations, requiring all United States airlines to screen passengers (and their carry on baggage) for weapons before boarding, with a deadline of May 8, 1972, for compliance. There were no hijackings in the United States in 1973.[76]
  • Karl Schranz of Austria, the 1970 alpine skiing champion in the giant slalom, was barred three days before the 1972 Winter Olympics were to begin, by a 28–14 vote by the International Olympic Committee. Schranz was among 40 skiers accused of violating amateur rules by accepting endorsement money from ski equipment companies, and the only skier to be banned.[77]
  • Died: King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal, who had worked to end the isolation of his Himalayan kingdom, died in Katmandu at 51. He was succeeded by his son, Birendra.[78]

References

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  2. ^ Stanley Meisler, United Nations: The First Fifty Years (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995), pp185–186
  3. ^ "Mobutu to Wipe Out Relics of Colonial 'Congo'", The Star-News (Pasadena), January 3, 1972, p2
  4. ^ "Liberian Leader to Host Mrs. Nixon", Sydney Morning Herald, January 4, 1972, p5
  5. ^ "Inside the Criminal-Informant Business", by Robert Daley, New York Magazine (March 24, 1975), pp32–33
  6. ^ "Crash Survivor's Ordeal in Jungle", Oakland Tribune, January 5, 1972, p1
  7. ^ "Baby Killer", by Mark Gado, trutv.com
  8. ^ Space Science Board, United States Space Science Program: Report to COSPAR (June 1973), p28
  9. ^ "Mini-Calculator Big on Answers", Oakland Tribune, January 5, 1972, p9
  10. ^ Richard S. Lewis, The Voyages of Columbia: The First True Spaceship (Columbia University Press, 1984), p30; "NIXON AUTHORIZES SPACE SHUTTLE", El Paso Herald-Post, January 5, 1972, p1
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  24. ^ "Britain's Coal Miners Strike; First Since '26", Bridgeport Sunday Post, January 9, 1972, p1
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  29. ^ David Pencheon; et al, Oxford Handbook of Public Health Practice (Oxford University Press, 2006), p564
  30. ^ Edward Marc Rose, The Un-Official NASCAR Fan Guide, p29
  31. ^ Stacey Abbott, Angel (Wayne State University Press, 2009), p107
  32. ^ Peter Bartrip, Beyond the Factory Gates: Asbestos and Health in Twentieth Century America (Continuum, 2006), pp123–124
  33. ^ Mark Pattison and David Raglin, Detroit Tigers Lists and More: Runs, Hits, and Eras (Wayne State University Press, 2002), p324
  34. ^ "Nixon Pulls 70,000 More GIs Out of War", Oakland Tribune, January 13, 1972, p1
  35. ^ "Wallace To Run as Democrat", Oakland Tribune, January 13, 1972, p1
  36. ^ Harry S. Ashmore, Civil Rights and Wrongs: A Memoir of Race and Politics, 1944–1996 (University of South Carolina Press, 1997), pp247–248
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  38. ^ "Brandt Plane Averts Collision in Mid-Air", Oakland Tribune, January 15, 1972, p1
  39. ^ James S. Olson, ed., Historical Dictionary of the 1970s, p307
  40. ^ John Levy, with Devra Hall, Men, Women, and Girl Singers: My Life as a Musician Turned Talent Manager (Beckham, 2000), p204
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  42. ^ "Danish Queen Proclaimed In Emotional Ceremonies", Oakland Tribune, January 16, 1972, p1
  43. ^ "A Cowboy Stampede", by Tex Maule, Sports Illustrated, January 24, 1972, pp10–15
  44. ^ W. Seth Carus, "R.I.S.E.", in Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons (MIT Press, 2000), p55, p69
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  46. ^ Baruch S. Blumberg, Hepatitis B: The Hunt For a Killer Virus (Princeton University Press, 2002)
  47. ^ "U.S. Seizes Two Russian Ships", Oakland Tribune, January 18, 1972, p1
  48. ^ "CG Takes Russ Back To Ships", Pacific Stars and Stripes, February 22, 1972, p4
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  74. ^ Heinrich August Winkler, Germany: The Long Road West: Volume 2: 1933–1990 (Oxford University Press, 2007), p277
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