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Jean Joseph Mounier

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Jean Joseph Mounier

Jean Joseph Mounier

Jean Joseph Mounier (12 November 1758 – 28 January 1806) was a French politician and judge.

He was born at Grenoble (Isère). He studied law, and in 1783 obtained a judgeship at Grenoble. He took part in the struggle between the parlements and the court in 1788, and promoted the meeting of the estates of Dauphiné at Vizille (20 July 1788), on the eve of the French Revolution. He was secretary of the assembly, and drafted the cahiers ("notebooks") of grievances and remonstrances presented by it to King Louis XVI. Thus brought into prominence, Mounier was unanimously elected deputy of the third estate to the states general of 1789; Mounier also founded the Monarchiens party in August 1789.

There, and in the Constituent Assembly, he was at first an upholder of the new ideas, pronouncing himself in favour of the union of the Third Estate with the two privileged orders, proposing the famous Tennis Court Oath, assisting in the preparation of the new constitution, and demanding the return of Jacques Necker. On 28 September 1789 he was elected president of the Constituent Assembly. Being unable, however, to approve the proceedings which followed, Mounier withdrew to Dauphiné, resigned as deputy, and, becoming suspect, took refuge in Switzerland in 1790.

He returned to France in 1801, was named by   which in turn cites:

  • F. A. Aulard, Les Orateurs de l'assemblée constituante (2nd ed., Paris, 1905)
  • De Lanzac de Laborie, Un Royaliste liberal en 1789; J. J. Mounier (Paris, 1887)
  • A. Rochas, Biographie du Dauphiné (Paris, 1856)
  • Berriat St Prix, Éloge historique de M. Mounier (1806)
  • F. Boïanovski, “Quelques lettres inédites de J. J. Mounier,” in the Revue historique (1898).
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