World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jean de Labadie

Article Id: WHEBN0000614081
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jean de Labadie  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Labadists, Labadie, Anna Maria van Schurman, Antoinette Bourignon, Philipp Spener
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jean de Labadie

Jean de Labadie

Jean de Labadie (13 February 1610 – 13 February 1674) was a 17th-century French pietist. Originally a Roman Catholic Jesuit priest, he became a member of the Reformed Church in 1650, before founding the community which became known as the Labadists in 1669. At its height the movement numbered around 600 with thousands of adherents further afield. It attracted some notable female converts such as the famed poet and scholar, Anna Maria van Schurman, and the entomological artist Maria Merian.

Labadie combined the influences of Jansenism, Precicianism,[1] and Reformed Pietism, developing a form of radical Christianity with an emphasis upon holiness and Christian communal living. Labadie's teachings gained hold in the Netherlands.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Works 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5

Life

The son of an officer, he entered the Jesuit Order in 1625, was ordained in 1635,[2] but left in 1639 due to poor health and tensions with the other brothers. He then worked as a diocesan priest in Bordeaux, Paris and Amiens. He turned to Jansenism and intensive study of the Bible, and began to be drawn to Calvinism. He regarded himself as divinely inspired.[2] Cardinal Mazarin had him transferred to southern France in 1646 as a disturber of the peace,[2] where he changed his allegiance to the Reformed Church in 1650 at Montauban.[3]

He served as a pastor and professor of theology at Montauban from 1652-1657. In 1659 he was pastor in Geneva, where he gathered around him disciples notably; Pierre Yvon Pierre Dulignon, François Menuret, and Friedrich Theodor Untereyck Spanheim.[3]

In 1666 he was appointed preacher at Middelburg in the Netherlands, but in 1669 was dismissed for his theological views. He then founded a house church in Amsterdam which served as a model for later foundations, but which was persecuted. He moved on, in 1670, with his pupil Anna Maria van Schurman and his congregation into the a house in Herford, Germany, provided as a refuge for persecuted spiritualists by Albertine Elizabeth [2][3] Here, too, he was pressed and harassed, and in 1672 he left and walked to Altona in Denmark. Labadie died there in 1674. The movement continued both in Europe and America, but had dissipated by 1732.[3]

Works

Labadie's most influential writing was The Reform of the Church Through the Pastorate (1667).

  • Introduction à la piété dans les Mystères, Paroles et ceremonies de la Messe, Amiens, 1642.
  • Odes sacrées sur le Très-adorable et auguste Mystère du S. Sacrement de l'Autel, Amiens, 1642.
  • Traité de la Solitude chrestienne, ou la vie retirée du siècle, Paris, 1645.
  • Déclaration de Jean de Labadie, cy-devant prestre, predicateur et chanoine d'Amiens, contenant les raisons qui l'ont obligé à quitter la communion de l'Eglise Romaine pour se ranger à celle de l'Eglise Réformée, Montauban, 1650.
  • Lettre de Jean de Labadie à ses amis de la Communion Romaine touchant sa Declaration, Montauban, 1651.
  • Les Elevations d'esprit à Dieu, ou Contemplations fort instruisantes sur les plus grands Mysteres de la Foy, Montauban, 1651.
  • Les Entretiens d'esprit durant le jour; ou Reflexions importantes sur la vie humaine, ...sur le Christianisme, ...sur le besoin de la Reformation de ses Moeurs, Montauban, 1651.
  • Le Bon Usage de l'Eucharistie, Montauban, 1656.
  • Practique des Oraisons, mentale et vocale..., Montauban, 1656.
  • Recueil de quelques Maximes importantes de Doctrine, de Conduite et de Pieté Chrestienne, Montauban, 1657 (Geneva, 1659).
  • Les Saintes Décades de Quatrains de Pieté Chretienne touchant à la connoissance de Dieu, son honneur, son amour et l'union de l'âme avec lui, Orange, 1658 (Geneva, 1659, Amsterdam, 1671).
  • La pratique de l'oraison et meditation Chretienne, Geneva, 1660.
  • Le Iûne religieus ou le moyen de le bien faire, Geneva, 1665.
  • Jugement charitable et juste sur l'état present des Juifs, Amsterdam 1667.
  • Le Triomphe de l'Eucharistie, ou la vraye doctrine du St. Sacrement, avec les moyens d'y bien participer, Amsterdam, 1667.
  • Le Héraut du Grand Roy Jesus, ou Eclaircissement de la doctrine de Jean de Labadie, pasteur, sur le Règne glorieux de Jésus-Christ et de ses saints en la terre aux derniers temps, Amsterdam, 1667.
  • L'Idée d'un bon pasteur et d'une bonne Eglise, Amsterdam, 1667.
  • Les Divins Herauts de la Penitence au Monde..., Amsterdam, 1667.
  • La Reformation de l'Eglise par le Pastorat, Middelburg, 1667.
  • Le Veritable Exorcisme, Amsterdam, 1667.
  • Le Discernement d'une Veritable Eglise suivant l'Ecriture Sainte, Amsterdam, 1668.
  • La Puissance eclesiastique bornée à l'Ecriture et par Elle..., Amsterdam, 1668.
  • Manuel de Pieté, Middelburg 1668.
  • Declaration Chrestienne et sincère de plusieurs Membres de l'Eglise de Dieu et de Jésus-Christ touchant les Justes Raisons et les Motifs qui les obligent à n'avoir point de Communion avec le synode dit Vualon, La Haye, 1669.
  • Points fondamentaux de la vie vraimant Chretiene, Amsterdam 1670.
  • Abrégé du Veritable Christianisme et Téoretique et pratique..., Amsterdam, 1670.
  • Le Chant Royal du Grand Roy Jésus, ou les Hymnes et Cantiques de l'Aigneau..., Amsterdam, 1670.
  • Receüil de diverses Chansons Spiritüeles, Amsterdam, 1670.
  • L'Empire du S. Esprit sur les Ames..., Amsterdam, 1671.
  • Eclaircissement ou Declaration de la Foy et de la pureté des sentimens en la doctrine des Srs. Jean de Labadie, Pierre Yvon, Pierre Dulignon..., Amsterdam, 1671.
  • Veritas sui vindex, seu solemnis fidei declaratio..., Herfordiae, 1672.
  • Jesus revelé de nouveau..., Altona, 1673.
  • Fragmens de quelques poesies et sentimens d'esprit..., Amsterdam, 1678.
  • Poésies sacrées de l'amour divin, Amsterdam, 1680.
  • Recueil de Cantiques spirituels, Amsterdam, 1680.
  • Le Chretien regeneré ou nul, Amsterdam, 1685.

See also

References

  1. ^ Can These Bones Live?, F. Ernest Stoeffler, Christian History, Volume V, No 2 1986, page 5
  2. ^ a b c d Schaff-Herzog
  3. ^ a b c d Beate Köster (1992). "Labadie, Jean de". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German) 4. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 905–907.  
  • Beate Köster (1992). "Labadie, Jean de". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German) 4. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 905–907. Translation  
  • Article from the 1914 Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge

Further reading

The most important study on Labadie's life and works is:

  • Trevor John Saxby, The quest for the new Jerusalem, Jean de Labadie and the Labadists, 1610-1744, Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster, 1987.
  • Michel de Certeau, La Fable mystique: XVIe-XVIIe siècle, Paris, 1987.
  • Fabrizio Frigerio, L'historiographie de Jean de Labadie, Etat de la question, Genève, 1976.
  • Fabrizio Frigerio, "La poesia di Jean de Labadie e la mistica quietista", Conoscenza religiosa, 1978, № 1, p. 60-66.
  • M. Goebel, Geschichte des christlichen Lebens in der rheinischwestphälischen evangelischen Kirche, II. Das siebzehnte Jahrhundert oder die herrschende Kirche und die Sekten, Coblenz, 1852.
  • W. Goeters, Die Vorbereitung des Pietismus in der reformierten Kirche der Niederlande bis zur labadistischen Krisis 1670, Leipzig, 1911.
  • Cornelis B. Hylkema, Reformateurs. Geschiedkündige studiën over de godsdienstige bewegingen uit de nadagen onzer gouden eeuw, Haarlem, 1900-1902.
  • Leszek Kolakowsky, Chrétiens sans Eglise, La Conscience religieuse et le lien confessionnel au XVIIe siècle, Paris, 1969.
  • Alain Joblin, "Jean de Labadie (1610-1674): un dissident au XVIIe siècle?", Mélanges de sciences religieuses, 2004, vol. 61, n.2, p. 33-44.
  • Anne Lagny, (éd.), Les piétismes à l'âge classique. Crise, conversion, institutions, Villeneuve- d'Ascq, 2001.
  • Johannes Lindeboom, Stiefkideren van het christendom, La Haye, 1929.
  • Georges Poulet, Les métamorphoses du cercle, Paris, 1961.
  • Jean Rousset, "Un brelan d'oubliés", L'esprit créateur, 1961, t. 1, p. 61-100.
  • M. Smits van Waasberghe, "Het ontslag van Jean de Labadie uit de Societeit van Jezus", Ons geesteljk erf, 1952, p. 23-49.
  • Otto E. Strasser-Bertrand - Otto J. De Jong, Geschichte des Protestantismus in Frankreich und den Niederlanden, Göttingen, 1975.
  • Daniel Vidal, Jean de Labadie (1610-1674) Passion mystique et esprit de Réforme, Grenoble, 2009.
  • H. Van Berkum, De Labadie en de Labadisten, eene bladzijde uit de geschiedenis der Nederlandse Hervormde Kerk, Snek, 1851.
  • John of Labadie is mentioned in John Greenleaf Whittier's poem "Andrew Rykman's Prayer" q.v.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.