World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jelšava

Article Id: WHEBN0006606210
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jelšava  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: William Salcer, Leváre, Tornaľa, History of the Jews in Hungary
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jelšava

Jelšava
Town
Country Slovakia
Region Banská Bystrica
District Revúca
Tourism region Gemer
Elevation 258 m (846 ft)
Coordinates
Area 46.8 km2 (18.1 sq mi)
Population 3,147 (2005-12-31)
Density 67 / km2 (174 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1243
Mayor Milan Kolesár (SDKÚ-DS)
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 049 16
Area code +421-47
Car plate RA
Location of Jelšava in Slovakia
Location of Jelšava in Slovakia
Location of Jelšava in the Banská Bystrica Region
Location of Jelšava in the Banská Bystrica Region
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.jelsava.sk

Jelšava (German: Eltsch or Jelschau; Hungarian: Jolsva; Latin: Alnovia) is a town and municipality in Revúca District in the Banská Bystrica Region of Slovakia.

Geography

The town lies in the Revúcka vrchovina highlands at the border of the Slovak Ore Mountains and Slovak Karst, in the valley of the Muráň river, at an altitude of around 258 m. It is located by road around 10 km (6.21 mi) from Revúca, 100 km (62.14 mi) from Banská Bystrica and 105 km (65.24 mi) away from Košice.

Along to the main settlement, it also has "part" Teplá Voda, bit north-west of the town.

History

In historical records, the town was first mentioned in 1243 (1243 Illswa, 1271 Elswa, 1344 Ilsua, 1564 Jelssawa, 1573 Jolssowa, 1582 Ölch alias Ilschwa, 1594 Oltcz, 1592 Jelsowa, Josuach) as an important town and hammer, hosting German and Hungarian colonists. In the time it was ruled by Desiderius of the Ratoldy family, who was the founder of a new family, the Ilsvay (meaning "from Jelšava"). In 1556, Jelšava was besieged by Turks, to whom it had to pay tributes. In this period Protestantism arrived in the town. In the 17th century, Jelšava passed to the Bocskay family. The first magnesite furnace in present-day Slovakia was built in 1894. After breakup of Austria-Hungary in 1918, the town passed to Czechoslovakia, which controlled the town lied until 1993, with exception of years 1938–1945, when it was occupied by Hungary (see First Vienna Award). In 1993, the town became a part of Slovakia.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census, the town had 3,287 inhabitants. 84.39% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 9.49% Roma, 2.46% Hungarians and 1.16% Czechs.[1] The religious make-up was 40.77% Roman Catholics, 28.02% people with no religious affiliation and 16.28% Lutherans.[1]

Twin towns — Sister cities

Jelšava is twinned with:

Famous people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-12-17. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 

Genealogical resources

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Banska Bystrica, Kosice, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic Church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1674-1895 (parish A)
  • Greek Catholic Church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1775-1928 (parish B)
  • Lutheran Church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1783-1895 (parish A)

External links

  • Municipal website (Slovak)
  • of living people in JelsavaSurnames
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.