World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jeolla Province

Article Id: WHEBN0000326532
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jeolla Province  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), Donghak Peasant Revolution, Eight Provinces of Korea, Podocheong, Perfect Game (2011 film)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jeolla Province

Jeolla Province (Hangul전라도; RRJeollado, ) was a province in southwestern Korea, one of the historical Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon. It consisted of the modern South Korean provinces of North Jeolla Province, South Jeolla Province and the Special City of Gwangju as well as Jejudo. The provincial capital was Jeonju, the current capital of Northern Jeolla. The entire inland region was formerly called Honam "South of the Lake".

Contents

  • History 1
    • Samhan and Samguk 1.1
    • Unified Silla 1.2
    • Goryeo Dynasty 1.3
    • Joseon 1.4
  • Geography 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

Samhan and Samguk

Baekje in 576.

During the Samhan era of Korean history, the area of Jeolla was controlled by the Mahan confederacy. Fifteen of the 45 Korean tribes had their bases in this region. When Baekje overtook Mahan by the 5th century, the Three Kingdoms era began and the region became part of southern Baekje. Jungbang was the center of the province during this period.

Unified Silla

When ) and 5 "gyeong" (), 3 of the ju belonging to the former Baekje. The northern territory of former Baekje, Ung (Ungju; ), corresponds to modern-day South Chungcheong Province.

The middle area consisted of Wansan () and Namwon, which correspond to modern-day North Jeolla. Wansan was later renamed Jeonju. The southern area consisted of Mujin (Mujin-ju), which was renamed Mu (hanja: 武州 ) in 757, the 16th year of the reign of Gyeongdeok of Silla. Mu consisted of one gun and 43 hyeon, and corresponds to modern-day South Jeolla.

Goryeo Dynasty

In 983, during the second year of the reign of province) . Jeonju-mok was renamed Gangnam-do (province south of the river) while Naju and Seugnju were reunited and renamed Haeyang-do (ocean province).

In 1018, during the 9th year of the reign of hanja: 全羅州道 ).The name derived from the names of the principal cities of Jeonju (hanja: 全州 ) and Naju (hanja: 羅州 ). (The difference between Na- and -lla is due to the ("initial sound rule" of modern Korean). This was the first time the area currently known as Jeolla was united under one administrative division, and it would remain this way for nearly eight centuries.

Joseon

In 1413, during 13th year of the right of hanja: 全羅道 ).

The Donghak Peasant Revolution of 1894-95 began in Jeollado, which was a peasant revolt fueled by the fervor of a coming local "messiah" and protests over Seoul's high taxes on rice and increasing number of Japanese traders in Joseon. They had anti-Japanese sentiments due to the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598).

On May 26, 1895, Gojong of Korea replaced the 8 do system with a 23 bu "district" system and Jeolla was replaced by the districts of Jeonju (Hangul전주부; hanja全州府; RRJeonjubu) in the northwest, Naju (Hangul나주부; hanja羅州府; RRNajubu) in the southwest, Namwon (Hangul남원부; hanja南原府; RRNamwonbu) in the east, and Jeju (Hangul제주부; hanja濟州府; RRJejubu) on Jejudo.

On August 4, 1896, Emperor Gojong issued Royal Order 36, repealing the district system and restoring the province system. Jeolla, along with Chungcheong Province, Gyeongsang Province, Hamgyong Province and Pyongan Province, were divided north-south into North Jeolla Province and South Jeolla Province, bringing the total to 13 provinces. North Jeolla consisted of the Jeonju and northern Namwon districts, while South Jeolla consisted of the southern Namwon districts, Naju district, and Jeju island. Jeonju was retained as the capital of North Jeolla, with Gwangju being made the capital of South Jeolla. The capital of South Jeolla was later changed to Namak, South Korea in 2005, with Gwangju designated a Special City.

Geography

Jeolla Province was bounded on the north by Chungcheong Province, on the east by Gyeongsang Province, on the south by the East China Sea, and on the west by the Yellow Sea. The region is bordered on the east by the Sobaek Mountains and is drained by the Yeongsan, Seomjin and Mangyeong River. The largest city in the region is Gwangju. Apart from Jeonju and Naju, other cities of note include Iksan (formerly Iri), Gunsan, Mokpo, Namwon, Suncheon, and Yeosu.

References

External links

  • Seoul City history article on Hanseong and 22 other late 19th-century districts (in Korean)


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.