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Jigme Dorji Wangchuk

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Jigme Dorji Wangchuk

Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
3rd King of Bhutan
File:Jigme Dorji Wangchuck.jpg
Reign 27 October 1952 – 21 July 1972
Born (1929-05-02)2 May 1929
Died 21 July 1972(1972-07-21) (aged 43)
Place of death Nairobi, Kenya
Predecessor Jigme Wangchuck
Successor Jigme Singye Wangchuck
Consort Ashi Kesang Choden Wangchuck
Royal House Wangchuck Dynasty
Father Jigme Wangchuck
Mother Puntsho Choden

Jigme Dorji Wangchuck ( Wylie: 'jigs med rdo rje dbang phyug; 2 May 1929 – 21 July 1972) was the Third Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan.

He began to open Bhutan to the outside world, began modernization, and took the first steps toward democratization. Upon succeeding his father, Jigme Wangchuck, on 27 October 1952, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck put an end to feudalism and slavery and released all remaining serfs. He encouraged certain modern inventions to assist the local peasantry and introduced wheeled vehicles, where previously the transportation of crops and people was done manually. He established a High court and reorganized the judicial system. In 1953, he established the Tshogdu or National Assembly – Bhutan's first unicameral Parliament.

During his reign Bhutan's first planned economic development plan was drafted. In 1961, a five-year economic development plan was launched for the years 1961–1966. Bhutan is still following this economic development plan. He created Bhutan's first Council of Ministers in 1968. In 1963, Bhutan joined the Colombo Plan. During his 20-year reign, 1770 km of roads were constructed, the number of schools rose to 102 and 6 hospitals were established. In 1971, he set up a Planning Commission. Neighboring Tibet's union with the People's Republic of China in 1951 encouraged the king to foster stronger ties with foreign nations, especially India, and culminated with Bhutan joining the United Nations in 1971. At the same time, he empowered the National Assembly to remove him or any of his successors with a two-thirds majority.

Jigme Dorji Wangchuck suffered his first heart attack at the age of twenty. He made frequent visits overseas for medical treatment, dying in Nairobi, Kenya, while receiving medical treatment in 1972.

Family life

His Majesty King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck married Her Majesty Queen Ashi Kesang Choden Wangchuck. Their son, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, succeeded him as King of Bhutan.[1] His Majesty Jigme Dorji Wangchuck has four daughters, the eldest being HRH Ashi Sonam Choden Wangchuck,[1] who has two children, Dasho Mila and Ashi Maytho. The King's second-eldest daughter, HRH Ashi Dechen Wangmo Wangchuck,[1] has two children, Dasho Zillnon Dorji and Ashi Mendharawa Dorji. The King's third daughter is HRH Ashi Pem Pem,[1] who has one daughter named Ashi Kesang Choden.The King's youngest daughter is HRH Ashi Kesang Wangmo Wangchuck,[1] who has four children, Dasho Jigme Namgyel Dorji, Ashi Tenzin Wangmo, Dasho Singye Palden Yonten and Dasho Ugen Norbu Yonten.

Styles

  • 1929–1944: Dasho Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
  • 1944–1946: Trongsa Dronyar Dasho Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
  • 1946–1952: Paro Penlop Dasho Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
  • 1952–1963: Sri Panch Maharaj Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, Maharaja of Bhutan
  • 1963–1972: His Majesty Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, Mang-pos Bhur-ba'i rgyalpo, King of Bhutan[1]

Honours

See also

References

External links

  • Encyclopædia Britannica
  • More about His Majesty Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, "Father of Modern Bhutan"

Template:History of Bhutan

Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
Born: 2 May 1928 Died: 21 July 1972
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jigme Wangchuck
King of Bhutan
1963–1972
1952–1963
Succeeded by
Jigme Singye Wangchuck
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