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John Exarch

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John Exarch

Joan Exarch (Joan the Exarch, also transcribed Joan Ekzarh; Bulgarian: Йоан Екзарх) was a medieval Bulgarian scholar, writer and translator, one of the most important men of letters working at the Preslav Literary School at the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century. Evidence about his life is scarce but his literary legacy suggests an excellent knowledge of Greek. It is generally assumed that Joan Exarch received his education at one of the Byzantine literary schools. Active in medieval Serbia and Bulgaria, regarded part of Byzantine, Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian and Greek literary corpus.

Joan Exarch’s literary work includes a number of translations of medieval Byzantine authors, the most important of which is the translation, around 895, of On Orthodox Christianity by the Byzantine theologian John of Damascus. He is also the author of several original works and compilations, the most important whereof is the compilation Шестоднев (Shestodnev). The compilation includes parts of the works of several Byzantine authors, most notably Basil the Great, as well as original parts which give valuable first-hand evidence about the Bulgarian Empire under Simeon I (893 – 927). Joan Exarch describes the royal palace and the Bulgarian ruler that includes information about his attire, the boyars, the social stratification of the Bulgarian society and like matters.

References

V. Vondrák, O mluvě Jana Exarcha bulharského, Praha, p. 40-92, p. 95-97 (1896)

Архимандрит Панарет, Животът на Йоана Екзарха Български, Станимака (1914)

Ю. Трифонов, Сведения из старобългарския живот в "Шестоднева" на Йоан Екзарх, Списание на БАН, т. 35, с. 1-26 (1926)

Н. Мавродинов, Описание на Преслав в Шестоднева на Йоан Екзарх, ИП, кн. 3) с. 66-76 (1955)

К. Миятев, Два поетични фрагмента у Йоан Екзарх като исторически извори, Археология, кн. 1-2, с. 9-16 (1959)

Д. Иванова-Мирчева, Йоан Екзарх Български, Слова, т. 1, София (1974)

А. Хаджиолов, Йоан Екзарх Български като учен и философ, основоположник на българското естествознание, Проблеми на природата, кн. 8, с. 177 (1978)

П. Боев, Йоан Екзарх Български - първият наш антрополог, Проблеми на природата, кн. 9 с. 317 (1978)

А. Бонов, Възгледите за вселената на Йоан Екзарх Български, София (1982)

М. Борисов, А. Ваврек, В. Кусев, "Йоан Екзарх – първият разпространител на знания в областта на физическите науки у нас", Физика, кн. 1, с. 14–28 (1983)

М. Борисов, А. Ваврек, Г. Камишева, "Йоан Екзарх Български - пръв разпространител на физически знания у нас", Предшественици на разпространението и развитието на физическите знания в България, София, Народна просвета (1985) с. 5-65

Ц. Чолова, Върховната власт и управлението в средновековната българска държава по времето на Симеон, отразени в "Шестоднева" на Йоан Екзарх, Известия на Института по история, т. 27, с. 216-235 (1985)

Ц. Чолова, Естественонаучните знания в средновековна България, София, изд. БАН, 1988

See also

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