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John Lennon's musical instruments

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John Lennon's musical instruments


John Lennon's musical instruments were both diverse and many, and his great fame resulted in his personal choices having a strong impact on cultural preferences.

Overview

John Lennon played various guitars with the Beatles and during his solo career, including the Rickenbacker (four variants thereof), Epiphone Casino, and various models of Gibson and Fender guitars.

His other instrument of choice was the piano, on which he also composed many songs. For instance, Lennon's jamming on a piano together with Paul McCartney led to creation of "I Want to Hold Your Hand" in 1963.

But Lennon's musicianship went far beyond guitar and piano. Julia Lennon was John's estranged mother and her banjo was the first instrument that John Lennon learned to play before he switched to guitar: 'sitting there with endless patience until I managed to work out all the chords'.[1] According to John, it was Julia who turned him onto rock ’n’ roll and actively encouraged him to pursue his musical ambitions.[1] After Julia's untimely death in 1958 the instrument was never seen again and its whereabouts remains a mystery.[2]

Lennon also played keyboards besides piano (electric piano, Hammond organ, harmonium, Mellotron, harpsichord, clavioline), harmonica, six-string bass guitar (either he or George Harrison, when McCartney was playing piano or guitar), and some percussion (in the studio).

Replica guitars

Rickenbacker makes several "Lennon" model electric guitars, Gibson makes a limited-edition replica of his J-160E[3] and an "inspired by" John Lennon Les Paul replicating the modified Junior.[4]

Piano

Lennon composed his biggest solo hit "Imagine" on a Steinway upright piano.[6][7] In 2000, this piano was bought by George Michael at an auction for £1.67 million.[5] Later, the piano was on charity tour.[8]

Sound effects

Lennon used a variety of sound sources for his songs, such as radios, sound effect records, resonators, and even his own heartbeat. He recorded his, Ono's and their baby's heartbeat for sounds on the Wedding Album and Unfinished Music No.2: Life with the Lions.

Instruments

Guitars

  • Rickenbacker 325 (four models):
    • His original 1958 model, modified with Bigsby vibrato and nonstandard control knobs, nicknamed "Hamburg."
    • A 1964 six-string model, serial number DB122, nicknamed "Miami."
    • A twelve-string model (similar to DB122), with a trapeze tail piece. Only used a few times in the studio. John used it at home for songwriting purposes.
    • A Rose, Morris model 1966, finished in Rickenbacker's Fireglo finish, and with a standard sound f hole. Used after John's second Rickenbacker had some damage. John used it for home studio use and it was given to Ringo sometime later on.
  • Epiphone Casino (In 1968 Lennon had his sunburst Casino professionally stripped of its paint, removed the pickguard and changed the tuning machines to gold grovers)[9]
  • A twelve-string Framus Hootenanny acoustic used during the Help! and Rubber Soul sessions and used on Polythene Pam.
  • Gibson Les Paul Jr. which was modified with the addition of a Charlie Christian pickup
  • Gibson J-160E Acoustic-electric guitar
  • 1962 Fender Stratocaster finish in Sonic Blue used from 1965-68, was stolen in 1968.
  • Fender Telecaster
  • Höfner Senator: according to George Harrison it was bought in 1960 and used for his songwriting purposes. Later given to roadie Mal Evans.
  • Guild Starfire XII: Given to him by Guild in August 1966, never saw studio usage. Most likely used for his home studio, somehow it got to Yoko Ono's first husband Tony Cox. Currently on display at the Hard Rock Cafe in Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • Gretsch 6120: (used on the Revolver sessions), used for songwriting purposes at his home studio but has been in Lennon's cousin David Birch's hands since 1967. Currently on display at the Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame.
  • A 1965 Martin D-28 (bought in early 1967 and taken to India in February 1968)
  • An Ovation acoustic
  • A custom Yamaha acoustic given to him by wife Yoko Ono
  • Höfner Club guitar, used after his Gallotone Champion suffered some damage.
  • Gibson Les Paul 25/50 (given to Julian for Christmas in 1974)
  • Fender Bass VI
  • Fender Jazz Bass
  • Vox Guitorgan, John had received it for an advertisement but somehow the deal never came about and John eventually gave the guitar along with his Höfner Senator to road manager and friend Mal Evans.
  • Sardonyx: a very rare semi-custom guitar built by Ken Schaffer. Lennon played the Sardonyx on Double Fantasy and used it in session the day he was killed.

Amplifiers

Pedals

Pianos and keyboards

Harmonicas

Percussion

Other

See also

References

External links

  • [1]
  • http://www.thebeatalls.com/Beatalls%20Web%20Pics/Beatalls-Gear.htm
  • http://beatles.ncf.ca/guitars.html
  • http://www.warr.org/guitars.html
  • [2]
  • http://web.archive.org/web/20080924064624/http://www.seaofgreen.org/guitars.htm
  • http://web.archive.org/web/20080719144656/http://www.beatels.com/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=17
  • http://web.archive.org/web/20080719061918/http://www.beatels.com/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=30
  • http://www.johnlennonandthemercystreetcafe.com/lennonguitars.html
  • http://www.beatlescollector.net/gibson-td/2-96-5-0.htm
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